Peter Cosgrove

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His Excellency General The Honourable
Sir Peter Cosgrove
AKMC
General Peter Cosgrove AC MC (Ret'd) at the Centenary of the Kangaroo March launch.jpg
Cosgrove at the Centenary of the Kangaroo March launch in 2013.
26th Governor-General of Australia
Incumbent
Assumed office
28 March 2014
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Tony Abbott
Preceded by Dame Quentin Bryce
Personal details
Born Peter John Cosgrove
(1947-07-28) 28 July 1947 (age 67)
Sydney, New South Wales
Spouse(s) Lynne, Lady Cosgrove
Children Stephen
Philip
David
Residence Government House, Canberra
Alma mater Royal Military College, Duntroon
Religion Roman Catholicism[1]
Military service
Allegiance  Australia
Service/branch Australian Army
Years of service 1965–2005
Rank General
Commands Chief of the Defence Force (2002–05)
Chief of Army (2000–02)
International Force for East Timor (1999–00)
1st Division (1998–99)
6th Brigade (1992–93)
1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1983–84)
Battles/wars Vietnam War
International Force for East Timor
Awards Knight of the Order of Australia
Military Cross
Complete list

General Sir Peter John Cosgrove AK, MC (born 28 July 1947) is a retired senior Australian Army officer and the 26th and current Governor-General of Australia.

A graduate of the Royal Military College, Duntroon, he fought in the Vietnam War, receiving the Military Cross in 1971. From 1983 to 1984, he was commander of the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1 RAR), and he later served as commander of the 6th Brigade and the 1st Division. Cosgrove rose to prominence in 1999, when he served as commander of the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) during the peacekeeping mission in East Timor. From 2000 to 2002, he was Australia's Chief of Army, and then Chief of the Defence Force from 2002 to 2005, receiving corresponding promotions to lieutenant general and then general.

Cosgrove retired from active service following the end of his term as Chief of the Defence Force, and subsequently served as leader of a taskforce helping to rebuild communities in Queensland after Cyclone Larry in 2006. In January 2014, Cosgrove was named to succeed Dame Quentin Bryce as Governor-General of Australia, and was sworn in on 28 March 2014.

Military service[edit]

Cosgrove was educated at Waverley College, then followed his father, a warrant officer, into the Australian Army by attending the Royal Military College, Duntroon in 1965. Early in his career, Cosgrove fought in Vietnam with the 9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, where he served with distinction, receiving the Military Cross in 1971.[2][3] In 1980 he was awarded the National Medal.[4] In the mid-1980s he commanded the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment.[5]

Cosgrove came to national fame in 1999 when, as a major general, he led the international forces (INTERFET) in a peacekeeping mission to East Timor. The mission's success made him one of Australia's most respected and popular military leaders.[6] He was promoted in 2000 to lieutenant general as Chief of the Army and in 2002 to general as Chief of the Defence Force.[7]

In 2004, the Foreign Minister Alexander Downer queried the judgement of Federal Police Commissioner Mick Keelty.[8] Following a joint interview with the then Defence Minister Robert Hill, Cosgrove was accused of "playing politics" when he said that, on this occasion, he disagreed with Keelty's point of view. However, Cosgrove expressed strong support for the Police Commissioner in his Australian best selling autobiography, My Story, published in 2006.[9] On 3 July 2005, Cosgrove's three year appointment as Chief of the Defence Force was completed, and he was succeeded by then-Chief of Air Force Air Marshal Angus Houston.

Cyclone Larry Taskforce[edit]

On 23 March 2006, Cosgrove was selected to lead the Queensland Government taskforce of rebuilding communities damaged by Cyclone Larry, a Category 5 tropical cyclone that devastated the Innisfail region of northern Queensland.[10] "In recognition of the important contribution General Cosgrove made to the community of North Queensland following Cyclone Larry", on 11 October 2008, Queensland Premier Anna Bligh announced that a new residential suburb in the Bohle Plains area of Townsville would be named Cosgrove.[11][12][13]

Other post-Defence activities[edit]

Cosgrove served on the board of Australia's main airline Qantas between July 2005[14] and January 2014[15] and is on numerous other boards as chairman or member.[citation needed] He served as Chancellor of the Australian Catholic University between November 2010[16] and January 2014;[1] and is Patron in Chief of the ACT Veterans Rugby Club [17] and the Rosies Youth Mission. [18]

Governor-General[edit]

Cosgrove in March 2014, after his swearing in as governor-general.

On 28 January 2014, Prime Minister Tony Abbott announced that the Queen had accepted his advice to appoint Peter Cosgrove as the next Governor-General of Australia, to succeed Quentin Bryce in late March.[19] On 25 March, Abbott announced that the Queen had also approved the reinstatement of the grade of Knight or Dame in the Order of Australia (she had abolished it in 1986 on the advice of Bob Hawke), and that the Governor-General would be ex officio the Principal Knight or Dame of the Order.[20] The incumbent, Quentin Bryce, was immediately made the first new Dame of the Order. On 28 March Cosgrove succeeded Dame Quentin, and was sworn in as Governor-General, becoming Sir Peter Cosgrove.[21]

Personal life[edit]

Cosgrove married Lynne Payne in 1976;[22] they have three sons (Stephen, Philip and David)[23] and one grandson,[22] and lived in Sydney[citation needed] before taking up residence in Government House, Canberra. Cosgrove is a Roman Catholic and frequently attends Mass in the St Christopher's Cathedral parish in Canberra.

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Viceregal styles of
Sir Peter Cosgrove
(2014–Present)
Badge of the Governor-General of Australia.svg
Reference style His Excellency the Honourable
Spoken style Your Excellency
Alternative style Sir

Titles[edit]

28 Jul 1947 – 1968: Mr Peter Cosgrove
1968 – 1970: Lieutenant Peter Cosgrove
1970 – 12 Feb 1971: Captain Peter Cosgrove
12 Feb 1971 – Dec 1971: Captain Peter Cosgrove MC
Dec 1971 – Dec 1972: Captain Peter Cosgrove MC, ADC
Dec 1972 – 1976: Captain Peter Cosgrove MC
1976 – 15 Jan 1983: Major Peter Cosgrove MC
15 Jan 1983 – 26 Jan 1985: Lieutenant Colonel Peter Cosgrove MC
26 Jan 1985 – Jul 1988: Lieutenant Colonel Peter Cosgrove AM, MC
Jul 1988 – Jul 1989: Colonel Peter Cosgrove AM MC
Jul 1989 – Mar 1998: Brigadier Peter Cosgrove AM MC
Mar 1998 – 25 Mar 2000: Major General Peter Cosgrove AM MC
25 Mar 2000 – 16 Jul 2000: Major General Peter Cosgrove AC, MC
16 Jul 2000 – 4 Jul 2002: Lieutenant General Peter Cosgrove AC MC
4 Jul 2002 – 3 Jul 2005: General Peter Cosgrove AC MC
3 Jul 2005 – 28 Mar 2014: General Peter Cosgrove AC MC (Ret'd)
28 Mar 2014 – Present: His Excellency General the Honourable Sir Peter Cosgrove AK, MC (Ret'd), Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia

Cosgrove's full title: His Excellency General the Honourable Sir Peter John Cosgrove, Principal Knight and Chancellor of the Order of Australia, Military Cross, Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Honours and awards[edit]

OrderAustraliaRibbon.png Order of Australia (Military) ribbon.png

Military Cross ribbon.png Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png Australian Active Service Medal 1945-75 ribbon.png Vietnam Medal ribbon.png

Australian Active Service Medal ribbon.png INTERFET Medal ribbon.png Australian Service Medal 1945-1975 ribbon.png Centenary Medal (Australia) ribbon.png

DFSM with Fed Star.png National Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Australian Defence Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Vietnam Campaign Medal ribbon.png

New Zealand Order of Merit ribbon.png US Legion of Merit Commander ribbon.png Tong-il Medal (South Korea) ribbon.png Legion Honneur Officier ribbon.svg

PRT Order of Prince Henry - Grand Cross BAR.png Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.png Order of Timor-Leste.png Order of St. Gregory the Great.png

OrderAustraliaRibbon.png Knight of the Order of Australia (AK) 28 March 2014 [24]
Order of Australia (Military) ribbon.png Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) 25 March 2000
(Military division)
For eminent service to the Australian Defence Force as the Commander of the International Force East Timor[6]
Member of the Order of Australia (AM) 26 January 1985
(Military division)
In recognition of service as Commanding Officer 1st Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment[5]
Military Cross ribbon.png Military Cross (MC) 12 February 1971 Infantry – 9 RAR – Vietnam[2][3]
Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png Knight of the Order of St John 28 March 2014 [24][25]
Australian Active Service Medal 1945-75 ribbon.png Australian Active Service Medal 1945-1975 with Vietnam clasp
Vietnam Medal ribbon.png Vietnam Medal [26]
Australian Active Service Medal ribbon.png Australian Active Service Medal with East Timor clasp[26]
INTERFET Medal ribbon.png International Force East Timor Medal (INTERFET)[26]
Australian Service Medal 1945-1975 ribbon.png Australian Service Medal 1945-1975 [26]
Centenary Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Centenary Medal 1 January 2001 For service to Australian society as Chief of the Defence Force[7]
DFSM with Fed Star.png Defence Force Service Medal with Federation Star 40–44 years service[26]
National Medal (Australia) ribbon.png National Medal 16 October 1980 For diligent long service to the community in hazardous circumstances, including in times of emergency and national disaster, in direct protection of life and property[26]
Australian Defence Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Australian Defence Medal [26]
Vietnam Campaign Medal ribbon.png Vietnam Campaign Medal Republic of Vietnam[26]
New Zealand Order of Merit ribbon.png Additional Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit (CNZM) 5 June 2000 New Zealand[27]
US Legion of Merit Commander ribbon.png Commander of the Legion of Merit United States[26]
Tong-il Medal (South Korea) ribbon.png Tong-il Medal of the Order of National Security Merit South Korea[26]
Legion Honneur Officier ribbon.svg Officer of the Legion of Honour France[26]
PRT Order of Prince Henry - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry 28 May 2002 Portugal[28][29]
Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.png Distinguished Service Order 7 September 2004 Singapore[30]
Order of Timor-Leste.png Collar of the Order of Timor-Leste 30 August 2009 Timor-Leste[31]
Order of St. Gregory the Great.png Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Gregory the Great 7 February 2013 Holy See[32]
Other awards
Australian of the Year 26 January 2001 He accepted his Australian of the Year award on behalf of all those Australians who served in East Timor: "I did a lot of the talking, they did all the working."[33]

Honorary military positions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "General Peter Cosgrove Australia's Next Governor-General". Catholic Communications. Archdiocese of Sydney. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 45302. p. 1343. 12 February 1971. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Search: COSGROVE, Peter John: Military Cross". It's an Honour. 12 February 1971. 
  4. ^ "Search: COSGROVE, Peter John: National Medal". It's an Honour. Commonwealth of Australia. 16 October 1980. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Search: COSGROVE, Peter John: Member of the Order of Australia". It's an Honour. Commonwealth of Australia. 26 January 1985. 
  6. ^ a b "Search: COSGROVE, Peter John: Companion of the Order of Australia". It's an Honour. Commonwealth of Australia. 25 March 2000. 
  7. ^ a b "Search: COSGROVE, Peter John: Centenary Medal". It's an Honour. Commonwealth of Australia. 1 January 2001. 
  8. ^ Grattan, Michelle; Forbes, Mark (18 March 2004). "Honest copper emerges victor". The Age. "During a "doorstop" interview, Downer said Mr Keelty was "expressing a view which reflects a lot of the propaganda we're getting from al-Qaeda"" 
  9. ^ Cosgrove, Peter John (2006). My Story. Australia: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-7322-8384-1. 
  10. ^ Beattie, Peter (23 March 2006). "General Cosgrove to lead Cyclone Larry taskforce" (Press release). Premier of Queensland. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Townsville suburb named in honour of General Cosgrove". ABC News (Australia). 11 October 2008. Retrieved 11 October 2008. 
  12. ^ Ryan, Lendl (11 October 2008). "Townsville "Cosgrove" storm". Townsville Bulletin (News Limited). Archived from the original on 15 September 2012. Retrieved 11 October 2008. 
  13. ^ "Townsville suburb named after Cosgrove". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 11 October 2008. Retrieved 11 October 2008. 
  14. ^ "Board of Directors". Annual Report. Qantas Limited. 2013. p. 51. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "Resignation of General Peter Cosgrove" (Press release). Qantas Limited. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "General Peter Cosgrove appointed Chancellor of ACU". Australian Catholic University. 25 May 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "ACT Veterans Rugby". 
  18. ^ Rosies Youth Mission. Inc. "Organisational Structure". Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  19. ^ Governor-General-designate to be sworn in – Office of the Prime Minister of Australia, 24 February 2014.
  20. ^ "'Pre-eminent' Australians could be made Knight or Dame under a new award, PM Tony Abbott says". ABC News. 25 March 2014. 
  21. ^ "Peter Cosgrove announced as next Governor-General". News.com.au. AAP. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  22. ^ a b Governor-General of Australia; Biographies of Peter and Lynne Cosgrove. Retrieved 30 March 2014
  23. ^ "General Peter John Cosgrove, AC, MC". People profiles. Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  24. ^ a b c Automatic upon taking office as Governor-General[citation needed]
  25. ^ "Order of St John". London Gazette. 19 May 20141. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Thomsen, Simon. "EXECUTIVE LIFE Here Are The Honours Our New Governor-General, His Excellency Sir Peter Cosgrove, AC MC, Already Has". Business Insider Australia. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  27. ^ "The Queen's Birthday Honours List 2000 (including Special List for East Timor)". Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Government of New Zealand. 5 June 2000. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  28. ^ Annual Portuguese Honorary Orders, Foreign citizens 1910–2006, 2006, retrieved 19 April 2008, p111. (Portuguese)[dead link]
  29. ^ Grand Crosses of the Order of Prince Henry. BooksLLC.net. 2013. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-230-815-44-2. 
  30. ^ MINDEF Singapore, President Nathan Confers Top Military Award on Chief of the Australian Defence Force, 7 September 2004. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
  31. ^ Retired General Peter Cosgrove is presented with the collar of the Order of East Timor by East Timor President, His Excellency, Dr Jose Ramos Horta at the 10th Anniversary of Popular Consultation Awards Ceremony held at the New Presidential Palace in Dili, Defence image gallery – Order of East Timor medal presentations, 04 September 2009
  32. ^ "Cardinal Confers Papal Awards on Three Outstanding Australians". Catholic Communications. Archdiocese of Sydney. 7 February 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  33. ^ "General Peter Cosgrove AC MC". Australian of the Year 2001. National Australia Day Committee. 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 

External links[edit]

Copyright pictures of Cosgrove

Military offices
Preceded by
Lieutenant Colonel Barry Caligari
Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
1983–1984
Succeeded by
Lieutenant Colonel John McAloney
Preceded by
Lieutenant General Frank Hickling
Chief of Army
2000–2002
Succeeded by
Lieutenant General Peter Leahy
Preceded by
Admiral Chris Barrie
Chief of the Defence Force
2002–2005
Succeeded by
Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston
Awards
Preceded by
Sir Gustav Nossal
Australian of the Year Award
2001
Succeeded by
Patrick Rafter
Academic offices
Preceded by
Brother Julian McDonald
Chancellor of the Australian Catholic University
2005–2014
Succeeded by
Ted Exell
Acting
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Major General Adrian Clunies-Ross
Chairman of the Australian War Memorial Council
2007–2012
Succeeded by
Rear Admiral Ken Doolan
Government offices
Preceded by
Dame Quentin Bryce
Governor-General of Australia
2014–present
Incumbent