Peter Fraser, Baron Fraser of Carmyllie

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Fraser of Carmyllie
PC, QC
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (Scotland).svg
Lord Advocate
In office
1989–1992
Monarch Elizabeth
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
John Major
Preceded by The Lord Cameron of Lochbroom
Succeeded by The Lord Rodger of Earlsferry
Solicitor General for Scotland
In office
1982–1989
Monarch Elizabeth
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by Nicholas Fairbairn
Succeeded by The Lord Rodger of Earlsferry
Member of Parliament
for East Angus
In office
1983–1987
Preceded by New constituency
Succeeded by Andrew Welsh
Member of Parliament
for South Angus
In office
1979–1983
Preceded by Andrew Welsh
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Majority 963 (1.9%)
Personal details
Born Peter Lovat Fraser
(1945-05-29)29 May 1945
Died 22 June 2013(2013-06-22) (aged 68)
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Fiona Macdonald Mair
Residence Slade House, Carmyllie
Alma mater Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge; Edinburgh
Profession Advocate

Peter Lovat Fraser, Baron Fraser of Carmyllie, PC, QC (29 May 1945 – 22 June 2013) was a Scottish politician and advocate.[1]

Early life and family[edit]

Peter Fraser's mother died when he was 12 while living in Zambia, where his father was serving as a minister. Anthony Eden, then prime minister, intervened at the request of family friend Brendan Bracken to help Fraser obtain a scholarship to Loretto School, the private school in Musselburgh, where Eden was a trustee.[2]

He was educated at Loretto School, Musselburgh, East Lothian, and graduated BA (Hons) and LLM (Hons), Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge, before going to the University of Edinburgh. He was elected to the Faculty of Advocates in 1969 and in 1972 he lectured part-time in constitutional law at Heriot-Watt University for two years. In 1979 he was appointed Standing Junior Counsel for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and became a Queen's Counsel in 1982.

In 1969 he married Fiona Murray Mair. [3] The couple have three children: Jane, Jamie and Katie. [4]

Conservative politician[edit]

Fraser was elected as a Conservative & Unionist Member of Parliament for South Angus in 1979, where he remained in the House of Commons until June 1987 (from 1983 representing East Angus). He was Parliamentary Private Secretary to George Younger, Secretary of State for Scotland. In 1982 he was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland by Margaret Thatcher and became Lord Advocate in 1989, when he was made a life peer as Baron Fraser of Carmyllie, of Carmyllie in the District of Angus and a member of the Privy Council.

Lockerbie bombing[edit]

During his time as Scotland's senior law officer, he was directly responsible for the conduct of the investigation into the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103. Lord Fraser drew up the 1991 indictment against the two accused Libyans and issued warrants for their arrest. But five years after the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial, when Abdelbaset al-Megrahi was convicted of 270 counts of murder, he cast doubt upon the reliability of the main prosecution witness, Tony Gauci. According to The Sunday Times of October 23, 2005, Lord Fraser criticised the Maltese shopkeeper, who sold Megrahi the clothing that was used to pack the bomb suitcase, for inter alia being "not quite the full shilling" and "an apple short of a picnic".

Lord Advocate, Colin Boyd, who was chief prosecutor at the Lockerbie trial, reacted by saying: "It was Lord Fraser who, as Lord Advocate, initiated the Lockerbie prosecution. At no stage, then or since, has he conveyed any reservation about any aspect of the prosecution to those who worked on the case, or to anyone in the prosecution service." Boyd asked Lord Fraser to clarify his apparent attack on Gauci by issuing a public statement of explanation.

William Taylor QC, who defended Megrahi at the trial and the appeal, said Lord Fraser should never have presented Gauci as a crown witness: "A man who has a public office, who is prosecuting in the criminal courts in Scotland, has got a duty to put forward evidence based upon people he considers to be reliable. He was prepared to advance Gauci as a witness of truth in terms of identification and, if he had these misgivings about him, they should have surfaced at the time. The fact that he is coming out many years later after my former client has been in prison for nearly four and a half years is nothing short of disgraceful. Gauci's evidence was absolutely central to the conviction and for Peter Fraser not to realise that is scandalous," Taylor said.

Tam Dalyell, former Labour MP who played a crucial role in organising the trial at Camp Zeist in the Netherlands, described Lord Fraser's comments as an 'extraordinary development': "I think there is an obligation for the chairman and members of the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission to ask Lord Fraser to see them and testify under oath - it's that serious. Fraser should have said this at the time and, if not then, he was under a moral obligation to do so before the trial at Zeist. I think there will be all sorts of consequences," Dalyell declared.

Post-1992[edit]

Fraser appeared for the United Kingdom in both the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg and the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg.

From 1992 to 1995 he was Minister of State at the Scottish Office covering Home Affairs and Health. He was then Minister of State at the Department of Trade and Industry with a responsibility for export promotion and overseas investment with particular emphasis on the oil and gas industry. In 1996 he became Minister for Energy.

In May 2003 First Minister Jack McConnell announced a major public inquiry into the handling of the Scottish Parliament Building project, headed by Lord Fraser. The inquiry heard evidence from architects, civil servants, politicians and the building companies.

In August 2007 he was appointed to the Scottish Broadcasting Commission established by the Scottish Executive.

He was a member of the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights and lived at Regent Terrace in Edinburgh.[5]

He died on 22 June 2013. [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lockerbie investigator Lord Fraser of Carmyllie dies suddenly at 68 | Dundee & Tayside | News | STV". News. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  2. ^ "Ex-lord advocate Fraser of Carmyllie in alleged flight row", The Scotsman, 21 December 2006
  3. ^ "Lord Fraser of Carmyllie, PC 1945-2013". Peerage News. 
  4. ^ "Family". Lord Fraser of Carmyllie. 
  5. ^ Mitchell , Anne (1993), “The People of Calton Hill”, Mercat Press, James Thin, Edinburgh, ISBN 1-873644-18-3.
  6. ^ "Lords Hansard text for 24 Jun 2013 (pt 0001)". Publications.parliament.uk. 2011-09-06. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Andrew Welsh
Member of Parliament for South Angus
19791983
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for East Angus
19831987
Succeeded by
Andrew Welsh
Legal offices
Preceded by
Nicholas Fairbairn
Solicitor General for Scotland
1982–1989
Succeeded by
Alan Rodger
Preceded by
Lord Cameron of Lochbroom
Lord Advocate
1989–1992
Succeeded by
Lord Rodger of Earlsferry