Peter Gunning

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Bishop Gunning.

Peter Gunning (1614 – 6 July 1684) was an English Royalist church leader, Bishop of Chichester and later of Ely.

Life[edit]

Monument Ely Cathedral.

He was born at Hoo St Werburgh, in Kent, and educated at The King's School, Canterbury, and Clare College, Cambridge, where he became a fellow in 1633.[1] Having taken orders, he advocated the Royalist cause eloquently from the pulpit. In 1644, during the English Civil War, he retired to Oxford, and held a chaplaincy at New College until the city surrendered to the Parliamentary forces in 1646. Subsequently he was chaplain, first to the royalist Sir Robert Shirley of Eatington (1629–1656), and then at the Exeter House chapel. After the Restoration in 1660 he was installed as a canon of Canterbury Cathedral. In the same year he returned to Clare College as Master, and was appointed Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity. He also received the livings of Cottesmore, Rutland, and Stoke Bruerne, Northamptonshire.

In 1661 he became head of St John's College, Cambridge, and was elected Regius Professor of Divinity. He was consecrated bishop of Chichester in 1669, and was translated to the see of Ely in 1674–1675. Holding moderate religious views, he disliked equally Puritanism and Roman Catholicism.

Works[edit]

His works are chiefly reports of his disputations, such as that which appears in the Scisme Unmask't (Paris, 1658), in which the definition of a schism is discussed with two Romanist opponents John Spenser and John Lenthall.[2]

Family[edit]

A relative of his, Sir Robert Gunning, became a famous diplomat.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gunning, Peter (GNN629P)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "John Spenser". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 
Academic offices
Preceded by
Richard Love
Master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge
1661–1661
Succeeded by
Francis Wilford
Preceded by
Anthony Tuckney
Master of St John's College, Cambridge
1661–1670
Succeeded by
Francis Turner
Preceded by
Anthony Tuckney
Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge
1661—1674
Succeeded by
Joseph Beaumont
Church of England titles
Preceded by
Henry King
Bishop of Chichester
1670–1675
Succeeded by
Ralph Brideoake
Preceded by
Benjamin Laney
Bishop of Ely
1675–1684
Succeeded by
Francis Turner