Peter I, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

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Peter I
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Peter I Oldenburg.jpg
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Reign 1823–1829
Predecessor William I
Successor Augustus I
Spouse Duchess Frederica of Württemberg
Issue Augustus I
Duke George
Full name
German: Peter Friedrich Ludwig
House House of Holstein-Gottorp
Father Prince Georg Ludwig of Holstein-Gottorp
Mother Princess Sophie Charlotte of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
Born (1755-01-17)17 January 1755
Riesenburg
Died 21 May 1829(1829-05-21) (aged 74)
Wiesbaden
Burial Ducal Mausoleum, Gertrudenfriedhof, Oldenburg
Religion Lutheranism

Peter I or Peter Frederick Louis of Holstein-Gottorp (German: Peter Friedrich Ludwig von Holstein-Gottorp) (17 January 1755 – 21 May 1829) was the Regent of the Duchy of Oldenburg for his incapacitated cousin Peter Frederick William from 1785 to 1823, and then served himself as Duke from 1823-1829.

He also served from 1785 to 1803 as the last Lutheran Prince-Bishop of Lübeck, until that Prince-Bishopric was secularized and joined to Oldenburg. His son, Augustus, was the first Duke of Oldenburg to use the style of Grand Duke that was granted in 1815.[1]

Early life[edit]

Peter Frederick Louis was born on 17 January 1755 at Riesenburg. He was the only surviving son of Prince Georg Ludwig of Holstein-Gottorp and Sophie Charlotte of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.[2]

Marriage and Family[edit]

Duke August and Duke Georg of Oldenburg, 1790s

On 6 June 1781, he married Duchess Frederica of Württemberg, the second daughter of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg and his wife, Friederike Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. They had two sons: August (born in 1783) and George (born in 1784).

Fredericka died due to complications from a miscarriage on 24 November 1785 at Vienna, Austria, predeceasing her husband by forty years.

Later life[edit]

He was appointed Regent of the Duchy of Oldenburg for his incapacitated cousin Peter Frederick William in 1785.

From 1785 until 1803, he also served as the last Lutheran Prince-Bishop of Lübeck, until that Prince-Bishopric was secularized as the Principality of Lübeck and joined to Oldenburg.

Following the death of Wilhelm in 1823, he himself became reigning Duke of Oldenburg. Although the Duchy of Oldenburg had been elevated to a Grand Duchy in 1815, he refrained from using the title of Grand Duke. His son, Augustus, was the first Duke of Oldenburg to use the style of Grand Duke.[3]

Death and succession[edit]

Peter I died on 21 May 1829 in Wiesbaden. He was buried in the Ducal Mausoleum in the Churchyard of Saint Gertrude in Oldenburg.

He was succeeded as Grand Duke of Oldenburg by his eldest son, Paul Friedrich August, the first of the House of Holstein-Gottorp to use the elevated style.

Ancestry and descent[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Issue[edit]

Name Birth Death Notes
Paul Friedrich August, Grand Duke of Oldenburg 13 July 1783 27 February 1853 married firstly Princess Adelheid of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym; had issue, including Amalia of Oldenburg who became Queen consort of Greece;
secondly, he married Princess Ida of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym; had issue;
thirdly, he married Princess Cecilia of Sweden; had issue.
Duke Georg Peter Friedrich of Oldenburg 9 May 1784 27 December 1812 married Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia; had issue.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archived March 17, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Archived March 17, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
Peter I, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 17 January 1755 Died: 21 May 1829
Regnal titles
Religious titles
Preceded by
Frederick August I, Duke of Oldenburg
(Lutheran Administrator)
Prince-Bishop of Lübeck
1785–1803
(Lutheran Administrator)
secularised as the
Principality of Lübeck
Regnal titles
Preceded by
William I
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
1823–1829
Succeeded by
Augustus I