Peter Ittinuar

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The Honourable
Peter Ittinuar
ᐲᑎᕐ ᐃᑦᑎᓄᐊᕐ

MP
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Nunatsiaq
In office
22 May 1979 – 4 September 1984
Preceded by District Established
Succeeded by Thomas Suluk
Personal details
Born 19 January 1950
Chesterfield Inlet, Northwest Territories
(Now Nunavut)
Political party New Democratic Party
(1979-1982, 1993-2008)
Liberal Party
(1982-1984)
Independent
(1984-1993)
Green Party
(2008-present)

Peter Freuchen K. Ittinuar (Inuktitut: ᐲᑎᕐ ᐃᑦᑎᓄᐊᕐ; born January 19, 1950) is a Canadian politician. He was the first Inuk in Canada to be elected as an MP, and represented the electoral district of Nunatsiaq in the Canadian House of Commons from 1979 to 1984.

History[edit]

Early life[edit]

Ittinuar, the grandson of Danish explorer, Peter Freuchen,[1] was born in Chesterfield Inlet, Nunavut, then part of the Northwest Territories. He spent part of his youth and adolescence being educated in Ottawa, Ontario, with two childhood friends, Zebedee Nungak and Eric Tagoona. All three later were important figures in advocating for the rights of the Inuit. Unbeknownst to them, they had been relocated to Ottawa by federal government authorities, as part of an experiment in cultural assimilation. These actions and their consequences form the subject of the documentary The Experimental Eskimos (2009).[2]

Political career[edit]

Ittinuar was originally elected as a member of the New Democratic Party, but on November 26, 1982, he crossed the floor to sit with the Liberal caucus shortly after Indian Affairs and Northern Development minister John Munro announced plans to improve Inuit self-government by dividing the Northwest Territories into two (see Nunavut).[3]

In 1984 Ittinuar was charged with breach of trust, theft and forgery for allegedly using his parliamentary budget to purchase a boat motor. As a result of the court case he was suspended from the Liberal Party caucus, and he became an independent for the final few months of his term in office.[4] Ittinuar ran for re-election in the 1984 federal election, but was defeated by the Progressive Conservative candidate Thomas Suluk.

Ittinuar was later found not guilty on the 1984 breach of trust, theft and forgery charges.[4] However, Ittinuar had earlier, in 1979, been convicted of possession of a small amount of cocaine. In addition, in 1986, he was convicted of assaulting his then wife, Susan Munro, daughter of former Liberal Cabinet Minister John Munro, and was fined.[5]

In 1993, Ittinuar again sought the NDP nomination in Nunatsiaq, but was unable to do so, due to then NDP leader Audrey McLaughlin refusing to endorse his candidacy.[5]

In 2008, while living in southern Ontario, Ittinuar ran unsuccessfully for the Green Party in the Nunavut riding in the federal election. He had previously sought and lost the Green Party nomination in the southern Ontario riding of Brant.[5] [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ittinuar, Peter Freuchen
  2. ^ See, for example, Experimental Eskimo: A Critical Look at the Past; www.yorktonfilmfestival.com; The Experimental Eskimos; www.imdb.com.
  3. ^ Nunatsiaq News coverage of Ittinuar's party affiliation switch
  4. ^ a b Steve Chase and Bill Curry (September 25, 2008). "Candidate Controversy Continues for Nearly Every Party". Globe and Mail. 
  5. ^ a b c Ittinuar 'seriously considering' Green party run
  6. ^ "1984 Nunatisaq Election". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-07. 

External links[edit]