66th Street (Manhattan)
66th Street is a crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan with portions on the Upper East Side and Upper West Side connected across Central Park via the 65th Street Transverse. West 66th Street is the location of the historical Lincoln Square and the modern Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts at Broadway and Columbus Avenue, as well as the name of the subway station on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line which serves the cultural establishment.
The westbound street, contrary to the rule that even numbered streets typically go east, starts on the Upper East Side at York Avenue opposite Rockefeller University. At Fifth Avenue the street enters Central Park, joining eastbound traffic on the 65th Street Transverse across the park. The street continues on the Upper West Side, crosses West End Avenue and ends at Riverside Boulevard in the Trump Place neighborhood.
Founder's Hall, located at York Avenue at the eastern foot of East 66th Street, was the first building opened on the campus of Rockefeller University. It was the first major philanthropic foundation created by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1974 and is still used as a laboratory.
Manhattan House, located at 200 East 66th Street, was designated as a New York City landmark in 2007 by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission for its influential mid-century modernist architecture. Benny Goodman, Grace Kelly, architect Gordon Bunshaft and other distinguished residents lived there.
The Cosmopolitan Club is a private women's club located between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue. Members have included Willa Cather, Ellen Glasgow, Eleanor Roosevelt, Jean Stafford, Helen Hayes, Pearl Buck, Marian Anderson, Margaret Mead, and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller. The building was purchased by the club in 1930.
45 East 66th Street is the site of a red-and-white French Gothic 10-story apartment house completed in 1908 for Charles F. Rodgers as designed by architects Harde & Short. The site was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.
West 66th Street between Columbus Avenue and Central Park West is the address for the ABC News Headquarters and was co-named Peter Jennings Way in 2006 in honor of the late news anchor. The famed Manhattan restaurant Tavern on the Green, which operated from 1934 to 2009, also was located off of West 66th Street, at Central Park West.
66th Street is the site of the Manhattan New York Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The design for the 38-story structure included retail space at ground level, a church center on lower floors and 325 apartments. In 1972, the plan faced opposition from community organizations and Manhattan Borough President Percy Sutton who protested against the policy on exclusion of blacks from ministerial roles in the church, which was not ended until 1978.
The Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts covers a 16.3-acre (6.6 ha) site located between Columbus Avenue and Amsterdam Avenue, from West 60th to West 66th Street. The project, designed to consolidate many of the city's cultural institutions on a single site was constructed as part of the "Lincoln Square Renewal Project" during Robert Moses' program of urban renewal in the 1960s. The first structure completed and occupied as part of this renewal was the Fordham University School of Law in 1962. The Dauphin Hotel was among the structures demolished as part of the project.
In 1972, the Chinese government purchased the 10-story Lincoln Square Motor Inn at Broadway for nearly $5 million, which was turned into the Chinese Mission to the United Nations, including offices and residences for its delegation in New York. The location made it the only permanent headquarters of any country to be situated on the West Side of Manhattan. In 1998, the Chinese government swapped the site for buildings located on First Avenue and 34th Street, in order to be closer to the UN. The site was converted into a 100-apartment extension of the Phillips Club, an extended stay hotel.
Lincoln Towers is an apartment complex that consists of six buildings with eight addresses on a 20-acre (81,000 m2) campus, bounded on the south by West 66th Street, on the west by Freedom Place, on the north by West 70th Street, and on the east by Amsterdam Avenue.
A 1986 plan by Donald Trump as part of his Television City proposal would have located the world's tallest building — 150 stories and 1,910 feet (580 m) tall — at the corner of West End Avenue and 66th Street, as part of his development of the 100 acre property along the Hudson River between 59th Street and 72nd Street atop the Penn Central rail yards.
Parks and recreation
Richard Tucker Park, covering 0.05 acres (200 m2) is located at the corner of Broadway and Columbus Avenue. The park includes a bust of operatic tenor Richard Tucker by sculptor Milton Hebald dedicated on April 20, 1980, consisting of a larger-than-life size bronze sculpture on a 6-foot-high (1.8 m) granite pedestal. The original 1978 proposal for a seven-foot statue of Tucker, depicted in the role of Des Grieux in the opera Manon Lescaut by Giacomo Puccini, had been opposed by a member of Manhattan Community Board 7, who felt that the piece should have been placed in the Metropolitan Opera Hall of Fame, and not on public property.
Notable current and former residents of 66th Street include:
- James Bryant Conant (1893–1978), served as President of Harvard University for 20 years, and lived at 200 East 66th Street.
- Benny Goodman (1908–1986) Bandleader, 200 East 66th Street.
- Ulysses S. Grant, former President of the United States, resided at 3 East 66th Street from 1884 until his death the following year.
- Henry Osborne Havemeyer (1847–1907), founder of the American Sugar Refining Company, built his Romanesque-style mansion at 1 East 66th Street.
- Phyllis McGinley (1905–1978), poet who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1961, lived at 200 East 66th Street.
- Edward Streeter (1891–1976), author best known for his novel Father of the Bride, lived at 200 East 66th Street.
- Andy Warhol (1928–1987), central figure in the Pop art movement, lived at 57 East 66th Street.
The M66 provides crosstown bus service between West 66th Street and West End Avenue on the Upper West Side and East 67th Street and York Avenue on the Upper East Side. The route dates back to one established in 1935 by the Comprehensive Omnibus Corporation.
- Founder's Hall, National Park Service. Accessed August 17, 2008.
- NYC Landmark Registry, New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, announcement dated October 30, 2007. Accessed October 28, 2008.
- "Club in Murray Hill District Buys East 66th Street Site", The New York Times, June 21, 1930. Accessed August 21, 2008.
- Gray, Christopher. "STREETSCAPES: 45 East 66th Street; For a Jewel on the East Side, A Loving Facade Restoration", The New York Times, October 16, 1988. Accessed August 20, 2008.
- 45 East 66th Street, New York Architecture Images. Accessed August 20, 2008.
- New York – New York County, National Register of Historic Places. Accessed August 20, 2008.
- "Metro Briefing", The New York Times, February 22, 2006. Accessed August 5, 2008.
- "West Side Residents Oppose Mormon Project, Charging Racism", The New York Times, December 15, 1972. Accessed August 17, 2008.
- Teltsch, Kathleen. "Chinese Mission Buys a Motel on West Side; 10-Story Building to Be Used as Office and Living Site Chinese Purchase Motel on the West Side", The New York Times, March 17, 1972. Accessed August 17, 2008.
- "POSTINGS: Hotel Expanding Into Old Chinese Mission; 100 Rooms On W. 66th St.", The New York Times, June 28, 1998. Accessed August 17, 2007.
- Gottlieb, Martin. "TRUMP PLAN: WIDE IMPACT ON WEST SIDE", The New York Times, April 30, 1986. Accessed August 17, 2008.
- Richard Tucker Square, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed August 17, 2008.
- Crow, Kelly. "NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT: UPPER WEST SIDE – BUZZ; An Old Friend Returns, Herbs and Fruit In Hand", The New York Times, July 20, 2003. Accessed August 17, 2008.
- Richard Tucker, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed August 17, 2008.
- Richard Tucker, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed August 17, 2008.
- Pace, Eric. "Tucker Statue for Park Studied", The New York Times, May 9, 1978. Accessed August 17, 2008.
- "James B. Conant Is Dead at 84; Harvard President for 20 Years; From Chemistry to Top Post", The New York Times, February 12, 1978. Accessed August 20, 2008.
- Ulysses S. Grant, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed August 17, 2008. "After serving two terms as U.S. President (1868–76), Grant retired to New York City in 1884 and lived at 3 East 66th Street until his death in 1885."
- Gray, Christopher. "Streetscapes:: Sidestreet Prestige; When Cachet Was Off 5th Ave.", The New York Times, September 20, 1992. Accessed August 20, 2008. "Henry Havemeyer, the sugar refiner, took 1 East 66th Street for his Romanesque-style mansion at the northeast corner of Fifth in the 1880s, and Andrew Carnegie chose 2 East 91st Street for his mansion, now the Cooper-Hewitt Museum, at the turn of the century."
- "Phyllis McGinley, Essayist and Poet Who Won Pulitzer in '61, Dies at 72", The New York Times, February 23, 1978. Accessed August 20, 2008.
- "Edward Streeter, Humorist, Dies at 84", The New York Times, April 2, 1976. Accessed August 20, 2008. "Edward Streeter, humorist and author of two best-selling novels, "Father of the Bride" and "Dere Mable," died Wednesday at Roosevelt Hospital. He was 84 years old and lived at 200 East 66th Street."
- Strausbaugh, John. "In the Mansion Land of the ‘Fifth Avenoodles’", December 14, 2007. Accessed August 20, 2008. "By the time Brooke Astor, widow of Caroline’s grandson Vincent, died this year at the age of 105, the area had been home to generations of poor immigrants, and to the likes of Andy Warhol (57 East 66th Street, between Madison and Park Avenues)..."
- M66: Local crosstown service between Upper East Side and West Side, New York City Bus, effective April 2008. Accessed August 17, 2008.
- "CROSSTOWN BUSES START ON 65TH ST.; La Guardia Is Cash Passenger on First One Out After Making a Brief Speech.", The New York Times, February 16, 1935. Accessed August 17, 2008.