Peter King (British politician)

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Peter John Locke King, by John & Charles Watkins

The Hon. Peter John Locke King (25 January 1811, Ockham, Surrey – 12 November 1885, Weybridge) was an English politician.

King was Member of Parliament (MP) for East Surrey from 1847 to 1874. He won some fame as an advocate of reform, being responsible for the passing of the Real Estate Charges Act 1854, and for the repeal of a large number of obsolete laws. Increasingly as politics in the United Kingdom turned toward left-right politics he sided with the mainstream progressive wing of the Liberal Party.[1]

Biography[edit]

King was the second son of Peter King, 7th Baron King. Lord Chancellor Peter King, 1st Baron King, was his great-great-grandfather and William King-Noel, 1st Earl of Lovelace, his elder brother.[2]

He was born at Ockham, Surrey, on 25 January 1811. He was educated at Harrow School and at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. 1831, and M.A. 1833.[2][3]

In 1837 he unsuccessfully contested East Surrey. He served as High Sheriff of Surrey in 1840.[4] In the election of 1847 he ran again and this time was elected MP for East Surrey on 11 August. He retained his seat until more entrenched partisanship set in and a Conservative reaction defeated him at the general election in February 1874. He supported an alteration in the law of primogeniture for many sessions. On 15 March 1855 he delivered a speech in which he showed emphatically "the crying injustice of the law".[2]

On 11 August 1854 he passed the Real Estate Charges Act, according to which mortgaged estates descend with and bear their own burdens. Formerly mortgagees in possession could seek an order in the court to trace certain contemporaneous held property in the hands of other relatives. In the session of 1856 he was successful in obtaining the repeal of 120 sleeping statutes which were liable to be put in force from time to time. He also waged war against the statute law commission, and more than once denounced it as a job. King introduced a bill for abolishing the property qualification of members, which passed the House of Lords on 28 June 1858, and in eight successive sessions he brought forward the county franchise bill, on one occasion, 20 February 1851, defeating and causing the resignation of the ministry led by fellow Whig, (Earl) Russell.[2]

He succeeded in carrying through the House of Commons a bill for extending the £10 franchise to the county constituencies, so as to include every adult male who came within the conditions of the borough suffrage. He was also well known for his advocacy of the ballot and of the abolition of church rates, and for his strenuous opposition to the principle and practice alike of endowments for religious purposes. He died at Brooklands, Weybridge, on 12 November 1885.[2]

Family[edit]

On 22 March 1836 King married Louisa Elizabeth, daughter of William Henry Hoare of Mitcham Grove, Surrey. She died in 1884. They had two sons and four daughters including:[2]

  • Hugh F. Locke King, entrepreneur who inherited the estate and used it to found and finance the creation of the Brooklands motor racing circuit and aviation field.[5]

Publications[edit]

King published:[2]

  1. Injustice of the Law of Succession to the Real Property of Intestates, 1854; 3rd edit. 1855.
  2. Speech on the Laws relating to the Property of Intestates, 15 March 1855.
  3. Speech on the Laws relating to the Property of Intestates in the House of Commons, 17 February 1859.
  4. Speech on the Law relating to the Real Estates of Intestates, 14 July 1869.

Four letters which King wrote to The Times in 1855 on Chancery Reform are reprinted in A Bleak House Narrative of Real Life, 1856, pp. 55–66.[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 805.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Boase 1892, p. 148.
  3. ^ "King, Peter John Locke (KN830PJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 19819. p. 198. 31 January 1840. Retrieved April 2008.
  5. ^ J. S. L. Pulford, The Locke Kings of Brooklands Weybridge (1996)

References[edit]

Attribution

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Edmund Antrobus
Henry Kemble
Member of Parliament for East Surrey
with Thomas Alcock 1847–1865
Charles Buxton 1865–1871
James Watney 1871–1874

18471874
Succeeded by
William Grantham
James Watney
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Samuel Paynter
High Sheriff of Surrey
1840
Succeeded by
William Leveson-Gower