Peter King (saxophonist)
||This article contains weasel words: vague phrasing that often accompanies biased or unverifiable information. (October 2012)|
11 August 1940 |
Kingston upon Thames, Surrey
|Genres||Jazz, trad jazz|
|Years active||1959 - current|
|Associated acts||Charlie Watts|
Early life 
Peter King was born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, on August 11, 1940. He took up the clarinet and saxophone as a teenager, entirely self taught. In 1957 His first public appearances were playing alto in a trad jazz group at the Swan Public House, Kingston, in a group organised by a trumpeter by the name of Alan Rosewell, with whom he worked at the Directorate of Overseas Surveys as an apprentice cartographer at the Directorate of Overseas Surveys. After the performance, however, King made the choice of becoming a professional musician.
In 1959, at age nineteen, he was booked by Ronnie Scott to perform at the opening of Scott's club in Gerrard Street, London. In the same year he received the Melody Maker "New Star" award. He worked with Johnny Dankworth's orchestra from 1960 to 1961, and went on to work with the big bands of Maynard Ferguson, Tubby Hayes, Harry South, and Stan Tracey, the Brussels Big Band, and the Ray Charles band on a European tour. He has also played in small groups with musicians such as Philly Joe Jones, Zoot Sims, Al Cohn, Red Rodney, Hampton Hawes, Nat Adderley, Al Haig, John Burch, Bill Watrous, and Dick Morrissey, Tony Kinsey, Bill Le Sage and singers such as Jimmy Witherspoon, Joe Williams, Jon Hendricks, and Anita O'Day. He is a member of Charlie Watts' Tentet.
King's composing, deeply influenced by the music of Bela Bartok, has moved far beyond individual numbers for performance and recording, and includes an opera, Zyklon, in collaboration with Julian Barry. On his album Janus he presented a five movement suite for jazz quartet and string quartet, for which he wrote all the music, using the arch form familiar in classical composition. He has also made appearances on a number of pop duo Everything But The Girl's albums, as well as on the solo album North Marine Drive of Everything But The Girl member Ben Watt. There have also been a few film appearances such as in, "Blue Ice" starring Michael Caine and, "The Talented Mr. Ripley", starring Mat Damon.
In 2005 Peter King won the BBC 'Musician of the Year' award.
As of 2011, King still performs regularly in jazz venues around London and the rest of the UK with his quartet, usually featuring pianist Steve Melling, and as a guest performer in other jazz bands. In April 2011 he published his autobiography Flying High.
Peter King is widely regarded as one of the world's best altoists. "A wonderful musician, Peter King is a master of his instrument. People are aware of that here in America as well as in England" (Elvin Jones, Jazz UK Magazine. September 2001). His playing on soprano saxophone is no less distinctive and powerful, and King often uses the instrument to express the more lyrical side of his music.
He is also a leading figure in the international aero-modelling world. He has competed successfully in major competitions and has written extensively about the subject. Among his other strong interests has been Formula One motor racing and his album Tamburello contains a three part composition which presents a deeply felt tribute to the late Ayrton Senna.
After playing a Selmer Mark VI alto saxophone for many years, around 2001 he changed to a limited edition Yanagisawa A9932Z solid silver and phosphor bronze alto, fitted with the same vintage metal Otto Link mouthpiece as before. His limited edition A9932Z is no longer produced by Yanagisawa, although the newer A9932J alto saxophone is almost identical to it, except that the inside of the solid silver bell is not gold-plated and there are some minor differences in the engraving. In 2010, King is still playing the custom Yanagisawa alto, but with a metal mouthpiece hand-made by Freddie Gregory.
- 1981: In Hoagland – Hoagy Carmichael/Georgie Fame/Annie Ross
- 1982: Bebop Live (with Al Haig, Art Themen, Kenny Baldock, and Allan Ganley) (Spotlite)
- 1982: New Beginning (Spotlite)
- 1983: East 34th Street (Spotlite)
- 1984: Hi Fly (Spotlite)
- 1988: Brother Bernard (Miles Music)
- 1989: Tippin' the Scales (live - with Dick Morrissey) (Spotlite)
- 1994: Tamburello (Miles Music)
- 1996: Speed Trap (Ronnie Scott's Jazz)
- 1997: Big Blues (with Jimmy Witherspoon)
- 1998: Lush Life (Miles Music)
- : Live: 90 % of 1% (Spotlite)
- 2002: Know Where You Are with the Oxford University Jazz Orchestra
- 2003: Footprints (Miles Music)
- 2006: Janus (Miles Music) (originally recorded 1997)
Further reading 
- Peter King, Flying High: A Jazz Life and Beyond (autobiography). London: Northway Publications, 2011. ISBN 978-0-9550908-9-9
- Ian Carr, Digby Fairweather, & Brian Priestley. Jazz: The Rough Guide. ISBN 1-85828-528-3
- Richard Cook & Brian Morton. The Penguin Guide to Jazz on CD 6th edition. ISBN 0-14-051521-6