Peter Nordin

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For the Swedish musician Peter Nordin, see Meshuggah.
Peter Nordin
Peternordin.jpeg
Born (1965-08-09) August 9, 1965 (age 49)
Helsingborg, Sweden
Residence Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
Nationality Flag of Sweden.svg Swedish
Fields Evolutionary robotics
Artificial intelligence
Text Mining
Complex Systems
Institutions iRobis
Alma mater University of Dortmund
Chalmers University of Technology
Göteborg University

Peter Nordin is a Swedish computer scientist, entrepreneur and author[1] who has contributed to artificial intelligence, automatic programming, machine learning, and evolutionary robotics.[2]

Studies and early career[edit]

Peter Nordin was born in 1965 in Helsingborg but moved to Gothenburg in 1967, where he was raised. He began studies at Chalmers University of Technology in 1984 and completed the M.S. in computer science and engineering in 1988 and studied economics. He then worked as a knowledge engineer for artificial intelligence (AI) company, Infologics AB, focusing on research and development of knowledge-based systems and complex system configuration.[3]

Nordin began his research while at Infologics AB, Sweden. His work led to several European research projects (ESPRIT)[4] including projects in machine learning (autonomous vehicles) and methodologies for AI system development.[5] As one of the first researchers in the area he began his research in Genetic Programming (GP) in 1992.[6] GP[7] is a type of evolutionary algorithm and a general automatic programming method that generates Turing complete algorithms[8] – i.e. computers that write their own programs.[9] In 1993, he started Dacapo AB,[10] a research and development company.[11] He invented a method for automatic induction of binary machine code using genetic programming[12] and has devoted a large part of his research on how to produce machine code with genetic programming. In 1997 he co-founded the American company RML Technologies, Inc. with the first commercial GP software.[13] Nordin spent a large portion of 1995 and 1996 at the University of Dortmund, where he completed his doctoral studies.[14] At Dortmund University he initiated research in evolutionary robotics.[15] and demonstrated for the first time that GP can be used for real-time, on-line training and control[16] of robotic systems.[17]

In 1998, he co-authored a textbook on genetic programming.[18] Peter Nordin created a search engine company in 1999, VILL AB[19] (with global search engine wannasee.com) as well as another AI-company, Tific AB[20] for automated support, and received the year’s Sten Gustafsson prize for entrepreneuring, awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences.[21] At the time, he was also the co-founder of Chalmer's Medialab[22] and was on the board of the Swedish AI Society.[23]

Robots and commercialization of AI[edit]

During 1998–2003, he was an associate professor at Chalmers’ Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS).[24] For a short period he led an international master’s degree program in CAS, which he co-founded.[25] He led the master’s program and supervised construction of hundreds of GP-based adaptive physical robots.[26] During this time, he also started Chalmers’ Humanoid Project[27] resulted in Sweden’s first full-scale humanoid robots; Elvis, Elvina, and Priscilla,[28] which currently reside in Sweden’s National Museum of Science and Technology.[29] Robots from the Humanoid Project participated in “RoboCup”[30] soccer matches for humanoid robots[31] (RoboCup) in Japan in 2002.[32] He also founded the first European company for humanoid technology: the Estonian company European Humanoids OY.[33] Several of Nordin's students have created their own humanoid projects, such as Davide Faconti and the REEM-B robot[34] and Almir Heralic with HR2.[35] Much of this earlier work focused on evolutionary robotic training methods for: problem solving, sound and image processing, perception and advanced non-linear low-level control. Robots have also learned to walk on two legs without having foreknowledge by simulating the behaviour.[36] The robot Elvis,[37] attracted some media interest and was seen by the public in more than 15 countries.[38] The world's first flying "flapping" adaptive ornithopter robot[39] appeared in TV and other media.[40] The popular science book; “Humanoider: Självlärande robotar och artificiell intelligens”,[41] was one result of this public interest.[42]

During his time at Chalmers, he started another 10 spin-off companies based on his research.[43] He has a number of patents,[44] all related to genetic programming and evolutionary methods. He is co-founder of the Institute of Robotics in Scandinavia.[45] From 2013 Peter Nordin is an adjoint professor at Chalmers in Göteborg, Sweden. Peter Nordin is listed by the Swedish Trade Council as one of Sweden's 12 most influential contemporary inventors.[46]

Nordin is seen in the public debate on treatment of gifted children and is an advisor for the Mensa International Process, both he and his wife are active members of Mensa International.

He lives with wife Carina and 6 children outside Gothenburg in Askim.[47]

Career summary, research[edit]

Peter Nordin has a PhD in Computer Science at University of Dortmund (1997) and a degree in computer science and engineering from Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden (1988). His current research include commercial evolutionary robotics software[48] and software for a complete cognitive system for robots.[49] His earlier research includes: Evolutionary software architecture for robotics,[50] the invention of evolutionary induction of mathematical proofs[51] and of binary machine language,[52] speech and vision recognition,[53] and linear genetic programming for internet search.[54] He pioneered analysis of genetic programming through complexity theory.[55] Nordin's research belongs to the top 200 most cited in computer science.[56]

Peter Nordin is the inventor of the ALLAN-method[57] for Artificial General Intelligence based on complexity measures i.e. Speed Prior using random strings as reinforcement to create a Universal Artificial Intelligence.

Patents[edit]

  • US patent on evolutionary program induction of machine code granted: Computer Implemented Machine Learning Method and System, Patent Number 5,841,947

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Google.se (Swedish)
  2. ^ Nationalencyklopedin (Swedish), Google.se (Swedish) ,Nationalencyklopedin (Swedish)
  3. ^ Google.se (Swedish), Archive.org
  4. ^ "IEEE.org". Ieeexplore.ieee.org. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  5. ^ Lri.fr (French)
  6. ^ Flickr.com, Google.se (Swedish)
  7. ^ Genetic programming
  8. ^ "Genetic-programming.org". Genetic-programming.org. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  9. ^ Google.se (Swedish)
  10. ^ Short profile of Peter from Hindawi Publishing Corporation[dead link]
  11. ^ "Genetic-programming.org". Genetic-programming.org. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  12. ^ The University of Birmingham
  13. ^ http://www.rmltech.com
  14. ^ "Delft University of Technology". Ph.tn.tudelft.nl. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  15. ^ Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Google.se (Swedish), Lri.fr (French)
  16. ^ "Zoominfo.com". Zoominfo.com. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Evolving real-time behavioral modules for a robot with GP (1996)". Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  18. ^ Genetic Programming: An Introduction, Wolfgang Banzhaf, Peter Nordin, Robert E. Keller, and Frank D. Frandone, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc. (1998). Bokrecension.se (Swedish)
  19. ^ Archive.org, Archive.org, Nyteknik.se (Swedish), Archive.org, Internetbrus.com (Swedish)
  20. ^ Archive.org, Tific.com
  21. ^ IVA.se, Swedishtrade.se, Archive.org
  22. ^ "Archive.org". Web.archive.org. November 22, 2001. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  23. ^ "SAIS.se" (PDF). Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  24. ^ Göteborgs universitet (Swedish), Archive.org
  25. ^ "Chalmers.se". Fy.chalmers.se. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  26. ^ Chalmers.se, Chalmers.se, Facebook.com
  27. ^ Kreaprenor.se, The Humanoid Project
  28. ^ Mensnewsdaily.com[dead link]
  29. ^ Tekniska museet (Swedish)
  30. ^ sv.wikipedia (Swedish)
  31. ^ BBC – Robots train for World Cup, Nyteknik.se (Swedish)
  32. ^ Robocup.org, Lri.fr
  33. ^ Europeanhumanoids.com
  34. ^ Lombardi, Candace (June 13, 2008). "CNET.com". News.cnet.com. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  35. ^ Chalmers.se[dead link]
  36. ^ An Evolutionary Architecture for a Humanoid Robot
  37. ^ http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg16322002.400-elvis-lives.html
  38. ^ UCL.ac.uk, ING.dk
  39. ^ "Newscientist.com". Newscientist.com. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  40. ^ Google.se, KPWebben.com, Wired.com, Sesam.se
  41. ^ Peter Nordin, Johanna Wilde. Humanoider: Självlärande robotar och artificiell intelligens ("Humanoids: Autodidactic robots and artificial intelligence"). Liber AB. ISBN 978-91-47-05191-5. 
  42. ^ YouTube.com, SVD.se (Swedish)
  43. ^ "Chalmers.se" (PDF). Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  44. ^ Freepatentsonline.com, WIPO.int
  45. ^ IROBIS.com
  46. ^ Sweden India Business Guide 2008–2009, Swedish trade council
  47. ^ DN.se Naturvetarefobundet.se (Swedish)
  48. ^ "TAIS". Fmv.se. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  49. ^ RoboBusiness: Robots that Dream of Being Better, Archibe.org, Università degli Studi di Parma (Italian), Archive.org
  50. ^ "Chalmers.se". Fy.chalmers.se. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  51. ^ Institut de l’Information Scientifique et Technique (French)
  52. ^ "Archive.org". Web.archive.org. December 15, 2001. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  53. ^ "Universität Trier". Informatik.uni-trier.de. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  54. ^ Nationalencyklopedin (Swedish), Google.se (Swedish), Springerlink.com
  55. ^ "Pennsylvania State University". Citeseerx.ist.psu.edu. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  56. ^ "CiteSeerX – Statistics – Most Cited Citations in Computer Science". Citeseerx.ist.psu.edu. September 18, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  57. ^ "WIPO.int". WIPO.int. Retrieved December 16, 2011.