Peter Pan (2003 film)
Theatrical film poster
|Directed by||P. J. Hogan|
|Produced by||Patrick McCormick
|Screenplay by||P. J. Hogan
|Based on||Peter and Wendy
by J. M. Barrie
|Music by||James Newton Howard|
|Editing by||Garth Craven
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures
|Running time||113 minutes|
Peter Pan is a 2003 fantasy film released by Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures and Revolution Studios. P. J. Hogan directed a screenplay co-written with Michael Goldenberg which is based on the classic play and novel by J. M. Barrie. Jason Isaacs plays the roles of Captain Hook and George Darling, Olivia Williams plays Mrs. Darling, while Jeremy Sumpter plays Peter Pan, Rachel Hurd-Wood portrays Wendy Darling, and Ludivine Sagnier plays Tinker Bell. Noted actress Lynn Redgrave plays a supporting role as Aunt Millicent, a new character created for the film. Contrary to the traditional stage casting, it featured a boy in the title role.
In 1904, Peter Pan (Jeremy Sumpter) and Tinker Bell (Ludivine Sagnier) are enthralled by the stories that Wendy Darling (Rachel Hurd-Wood) tells her brothers in the nursery of their London house. Aunt Millicent visits the Darling family, and judging Wendy to be "almost" a woman, advises Mr. and Mrs. Darling to think of Wendy's future and suggests that Wendy should come and live with her. The idea terrifies the Darling children.
That night, Wendy catches a glimpse of Peter hovering over her bed but her nursemaid and dog Nana steals his shadow just as he escapes. Wendy is caught drawing Peter in her book in school the next morning. While chasing the delivery boy carrying a letter from Wendy's teacher to Mr. Darling at the bank, Wendy and Nana literally crash into him and spoil his chances of impressing his superiors. As a punishment, Mr. Darling chains Nana outside before he and Mrs. Darling leave for a party, leaving the children with Aunt Millicent. Peter visits Wendy again, who sews his shadow back on. Wendy is fascinated by Peter's tales of Neverland. She asks Peter if she can give him a kiss, but because he doesn't know what a kiss is, she gives him a thimble instead. He returns the kiss by plucking an acorn from his shirt and holds it out to her. She attaches it to a chain and hangs it around her neck. Peter then invites her to be "mother" to his gang of The Lost Boys. She asks to bring her brothers, John (Harry Newell) and Michael (Freddie Popplewell), to which Peter reluctantly agrees. He grabs Tinker Bell and shakes fairy dust on the children, then tells them to think happy thoughts and they fly off to Neverland. Nana, having escaped her chain, leads Mr. and Mrs. Darling back home, but they arrive too late to stop the children.
When Peter, Wendy, Michael and John reach Neverland, they spy on Captain Hook's (Jason Isaacs) ship from a cloud. The pirates spot them and begin to shoot cannonballs at them. One knocks Wendy far away and the other causes Michael and John to fall. Peter tells Tinker Bell to find Wendy and take her back to the hideout while he gets the boys. But Tinker Bell reaches the hideout without Wendy and out of jealousy, tricks the Lost Boys into shooting Wendy with an arrow. Tootles's arrow hits Wendy, sending her tumbling to the forest floor. When the boys reach her, they realize it was not a bird they shot, but a girl. Peter arrives on the scene and when told it was Tootles who shot her, he is about to stab Tootles with an arrow, when Wendy stirs. They realize she wasn't killed as the arrow hit the acorn hung around her neck. Peter orders the boys to build a house around her. Before they go, two of the Lost Boys reveal that it was actually Tinker Bell who tricked them into shooting Wendy. Furious, Peter banishes Tink and ends their friendship.
Meanwhile, the Native American princess Tiger Lily (Carsen Gray) captures John and Michael in her hunting trap by accident, and it flips them upside down. As they are in nightgowns without any underwear, this causes her to laugh so much she falls off her tree perch and lands in front of Captain Hook and his pirates. Captain Hook captures Tiger Lily, as well as John and Michael and takes them to the Black Castle as bait for Peter Pan. All three of them are gagged and left chained to a rock to drown as the tide rises.
When Wendy awakens and comes out of the hut, she finds the Lost Boys on their knees begging her to be their mother, which she accepts. They blindfold her and lead her to their hideout. She suggests that the children must take medicine as punishment for nearly killing their mother, but realizes Michael and John are not among the Lost Boys, so she and Peter go to the mermaids' lagoon to ask them if they've seen them. They learn that Hook has her brothers and they set off to rescue them. Peter and Hook engage in a duel during which Hook gains the upper hand when he disarms Peter and captures him. When Hook is about to kill Peter, the crocodile that ate Hook's hand appears, allowing Peter, Wendy, her brothers, and Tiger Lily to escape. The crocodile tries to eat Hook but he and the pirates make a narrow escape.
That night, after a celebration at the Indians' camp, Peter shows Wendy the fairies' home and together they share a "fairy dance". While Hook spies on them, he is distressed that Peter has "found himself a Wendy". He finds Tinker Bell and charms her into telling him more about Peter and Wendy. Peter becomes upset with Wendy after she tries to get him to tell her if he loves her, and tells her to go home if she's not happy. Wendy, hurt, escapes to her little house and sobs until she falls asleep. Peter returns to the Darling house, and seeing that Wendy's mother is still waiting for her children to come home, he attempts to shut the window to prevent her return to them. But, after a struggle, Wendy's parents manage to reopen the window, refusing to let it be closed.
Hook finds Wendy and has her carried to his ship, the Jolly Roger. There, he entices her with a job telling stories to the crew and any pirate name that she wants. She chooses Red Handed Jill. Hook then sends a spy to follow her to the Lost Boys' underground hideout. The next day, Peter hears of a new pirate joining Hook's crew and says he will run her through. Wendy gets angry and says that he should do it right now because she was the pirate and they fight. After the fight is over, she announces they will be going home, which upsets Peter. The Lost Boys ask if they can go too, which upsets Peter even more. Wendy tries to say goodbye to Peter but he keeps turning away. She leaves a cup of medicine for him and tells him not to forget to take it.
The pirates are waiting outside and they kidnap the boys as they are leaving the tree. Wendy is bound and gagged before she can cry out for help. Hook goes down into the tree to try to kill Peter but is unable to reach him from the ledge he is on, so he puts poison in the medicine Wendy left for him. Peter wakes up to discover that all of the boys and Wendy are gone. He is about to drink the medicine, but Tink stops him, drinking it herself to save him. Peter is angry at first, but then realizes what happened and that she is going to die for him. Peter begins to cry, causing a storm in Neverland which makes Hook think he is dead. Peter reaches out to children sleeping around the world, the Darlings, and even the pirates and the children on the ship to bring Tinker Bell back to life with their belief in fairies.
Peter and Tink save Wendy and the boys from walking the plank, and they all fight against the pirates. After discovering how to fly, Hook sprinkles himself with Tink's fairy dust, and duels Peter in the air, weakening him with taunts about Wendy abandoning him and eventually forgetting about him when she grows up. Peter falls, unable to fight with those thoughts and gives in to inevitable death. But with a "thimble" (a hidden kiss) from Wendy, Peter recovers and re-engages Hook, who loses his confidence and falls in the water, where he is eaten by the crocodile.
Wendy decides that she belongs back home, and returns to London with her brothers and the Lost Boys. Mr. and Mrs. Darling, overjoyed at the return of their children, adopt the Lost Boys; Slightly, who got lost on the way to London and arrives at the house too late, is adopted by Aunt Millicent. Peter promises never to forget Wendy and to return, before heading back to Neverland with Tinker Bell. According to Wendy however, she never saw Peter Pan again, and tells his story to her children so that they can carry it on.
An alternative based on Barrie's epilogue is featured on the DVD, but with unfinished special effects and no music. In this version, Peter returns to the London house 20 years later, finding Wendy as a grown mother. He is deeply hurt when she tells him she has grown up, and walks over to her daughter, asleep in bed. His sobbing awakes the little girl, and she introduces herself as Jane. Peter grins excitedly at Wendy, and with her mother's permission, Jane flies away with Peter to Neverland as Wendy watches them through the window.
Cast and Crew
Since the first stage production of the story, the title role has usually been played by a woman, a tradition followed in the first film adaptation of the story. Two subsequent animated adaptations have featured a male voice actor as Peter Pan, and a Soviet live-action film adaptation for television cast a boy to play the role. This film was the first live-action theatrical release with a boy playing the part. The casting of a single actor to play both George Darling and Captain Hook follows a tradition also begun in the first staging of the play.
- Jeremy Sumpter as Peter Pan – the title character. He is young and he does not want to grow up. In the film, he develops feelings for Wendy proven by when Hook taunts him that Wendy will forget about him and replace him. He is brave and optimistic since he is able to think happy thoughts. He cares about Tink even though he gets angry at her, even going as far as trying to revive her when he loses her. He wants to be a boy who always has fun.
- Rachel Hurd-Wood as Wendy Darling/Red-handed Jill – the eldest of the Darling children. She is a motherly figure to the Lost Boys and her brothers. At first she does not want to grow up, but eventually she goes home and accepts she has to grow up. She cares for Peter as shown in the film.
- Jason Isaacs as Mr. George Darling/Captain Hook – the patriarch of the Darling family and is a banker who knows the cost of everything; even a hug. Captain Hook is Peter Pan's archenemy because Peter threw Hook's hand to a crocodile which has followed Hook ever since. He is the main antagonist of the film. He is the captain of the Jolly Roger and many of his happy thoughts are murderous. He says his hook is useful, but mourns the loss of his hand.
- Lynn Redgrave as Aunt Millicent - the aunt of the three Darling children who is supposed to instruct Wendy on growing up.
- Richard Briers as Smee - Hook's humorous right hand man.
- Olivia Williams as Mrs. Mary Darling - the matriarch of the Darling family who is the loveliest lady in Bloomsbury. She is said to have a kiss that Wendy can never get and that is perfectly conspicuous on the right hand corner of her mouth.
- Harry Newell as John Darling - the second eldest of the Darling family. Tiger Lily kisses him which gives him strength to open the gate.
- Freddie Popplewell as Michael Darling - the youngest who carries a teddy bear with him.
- Ludivine Sagnier as Tinker Bell - Peter's best friend. She is jealous of Wendy and cares deeply for Peter. She cares for him so much that she even sacrifices her life for him.
- Rebel as Nana - the dog nurse of the Darling family.
- Saffron Burrows as Story Narrator/Adult Wendy (the adult Wendy was eventually edited out of the finished film before release, and only the rough cut of this sequence exists, though the narration remained)
- Carsen Gray as Tiger Lily - the Indian princess captured by Hook along with John and Michael as bait for Peter Pan.
- Geoffrey Palmer as Sir Edward Quiller Couch
- Maggie Dence as Lady Quiller Couch
- Bruce Myles as Bank Manager
- Mathew Waters as Messenger Boy
- Alan Cinis as Skylights
- Frank Whitten as Starkey
- Bruce Spence as Cookson
- Dan Wyllie as Alf Mason
- Brian Carbee as Albino
- Jacob Tomuri as Bill Jukes
- Bill Kerr as Fairy Guide
- Tory Mussett as Mermaid
- Celeste MacIlwaine as Sleeping Children in I Do "Believe In Fairies" scene.
- Spike Hogan as Sleeping Children in I Do "Believe In Fairies" scene.
- Brooke Duncan as Sleeping Children in I Do "Believe In Fairies" scene.
- Alexander Bourne as Sleeping Children in I Do "Believe In Fairies" scene.
- Patrick Hurd-Wood as The sleeping children in I Do "Believe In Fairies" scene.
- Kerry Walker as Miss Fulsom
- Don Battee as Giant Pirate
- Frank Gallacher as Alsatian Fogarty
- Septimus Caton as Noodler
- Venant Wong as Quang Lee
- Phil Meacham as Bollard
- Darren Andrew Mitchell as Mullins
- Michael Roughan as Cecco
- Maya Barnaby as Mermaid
- Ursula Mills as Mermaid
- Nadia Pirini as Mermaid
- Vij Kaewsanan as Mermaid
- Janet Strauss as Medicine Woman
- Sam Morely as Fairy Bride
- Brendan Shambrook as Fairy Groom
- Theodore Chester as Slightly
After the script was written, Stephen Cox, Chief Press Officer for Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust and the Institute for Child Health, gave the hospital's approval, saying, "We have read the script by P. J. Hogan and Michael Goldenberg and are delighted to report that we feel that it is in keeping with the original work whilst communicating to an audience with modern sensibilities."
The visual effects in the film are a mixture of practical and digital. The fairies that appear in the film are actors composited into the film with some digital enhancements. According to actor Jason Isaacs, the filmmakers were impressed with actress Ludivine Sagnier's performance and decided to abandon their plans to make Tinker Bell entirely computer animated. The film also features a large, computer-generated crocodile. Another character, an animatronic parrot, appears in some scenes on the pirate ship.
A complex harness was built to send the live-action actors rotating and gliding through the air for the flight sequences. They were then composited into the shots of London and Never Land, although they are sometimes replaced with computer-generated figures. One other aspect of bringing the story to life was the complex sword-fighting sequences, for which the actors were trained. Sumpter said that, "I had to train for five months before the shoot. I had to do harness training to learn how to fly and learn how to swordfight," and that, "I got stabbed a couple of times with a sword." Hogan says that the flying scenes were very difficult to accomplish, but that, "it was tougher on the kids than it was for me. They were up there on the harness 12' off the ground, having to make it look like flying is easy and fun."
Sumpter grew several inches over the course of the film's production, requiring staging tricks to retain Hook's height advantage over Peter in face-to-face scenes late in the process. Hollywood-based producer Lucy Fisher also said that, "The window he flies out of had to be enlarged twice."
The film is dedicated to Dodi Al-Fayed, who was executive producer of the 1991 film Hook. Al-Fayed planned to produce a live action version of Peter Pan, and shared his ideas with Princess Diana (who was President of Great Ormond St Hospital), who said she "could not wait to see the production once it was underway." Al-Fayed's father, Mohammed Al-Fayed, co-produced the 2003 adaptation of the classic tale after his son died in the car crash which also killed Princess Diana.
Finding Neverland, a film about J. M. Barrie and the creation of Peter Pan, was originally scheduled to be released in 2003, but the producers of this film – who held the screen rights to the story – refused permission for that film to use scenes from the play unless its release was delayed until the following year.
Filming, which lasted about twelve months and ended in June 2003, took place entirely inside sound stages on Australia's Gold Coast and New Zealand. According to Fisher, the decision to shoot in Australia was based on the low value of the Australian dollar at that time. Hogan had originally planned on filming in a variety of locations such as Tahiti, New Zealand, and London but abandoned this idea after scouting some of the locations. Filming on sound stages did help "retain some of the theatricality of the original play", something which Hogan thought was important.
Universal distributed in France and in all countries where English was the primary language (including the US and Canada), while Columbia/Revolution released the film in the rest of the world. The US TV rights are owned by Debmar-Mercury/Lions Gate Entertainment under license from Revolution, and co-distributed by 20th Television.
For the promotion of the film, the original novel of Peter Pan by J.M. Barrie was released with the cover that was the same look as the teaser poster. A video game was also released only for the Game Boy Advance on 10 December 2003. In it players can fly, fight, and solve various puzzles and collect special objects for special prizes and bonus points. The game received mixed reviews overall with Gamezone giving it a 6.4/10, Cubed3 giving it a 5.2/10, and Nintendo Power giving it a 2.2/5. Cubed3 criticised the game for the bad dialogue and repetitive and rushed gameplay, but praising the graphics and sound.
Film critic Roger Ebert gave the film three and a half out of four stars. MovieGuide has also favourably reviewed the film, strongly praising its quality with four out of four stars, and calling it "a wonderfully crafted, morally uplifting movie that intentionally emphasizes the fantasy elements of the story both in dialogue and design of the film."
The film earned $48,462,608 at the box office in the United States and another $73.5 million outside of the US, which brings the world wide total to nearly $122 million. It faced competition from the highly anticipated The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King released the week before, and Cheaper by the Dozen which opened on the same day.
Jeremy Sumpter won a Saturn Award for Best Performance by a younger actor, for which Rachel Hurd-Wood was also nominated. The film was nominated for a Saturn Award for Best Fantasy Film. Sumpter also won a 2004 Young Artist Award; Harry Newell, Rachel Hurd-Wood, and Carsen Gray were all nominated.
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