August 14, 1959 |
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Residence||United States of America|
|Doctoral advisor||Tom Leighton|
|Known for||Shor's algorithm|
|Notable awards||King Faisal International Prize (2002)|
Peter Williston Shor (born August 14, 1959) is an American professor of applied mathematics at MIT, most famous for his work on quantum computation, in particular for devising Shor's algorithm, a quantum algorithm for factoring exponentially faster than the best currently-known algorithm running on a classical computer.
While attending Tamalpais High School, in Mill Valley, California, he placed third in the 1977 USA Mathematical Olympiad. After graduating that year, he won a silver medal at the International Math Olympiad in Yugoslavia (the U.S. team achieved the most points per country that year). He received his B.S. in Mathematics in 1981 for undergraduate work at Caltech, and was a Putnam Fellow in 1978. He earned his Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics from MIT in 1985. His doctoral advisor was Tom Leighton, and his thesis was on probabilistic analysis of bin-packing algorithms.
After graduating, he spent one year in a post-doctoral position at the University of California at Berkeley, and then accepted a position at Bell Laboratories. It was there he developed Shor's algorithm, for which he was awarded the Rolf Nevanlinna Prize at the 23rd International Congress of Mathematicians in 1998. Shor always refers to Shor's Algorithm as "the Factoring Algorithm."
Shor began his MIT position in 2003. Currently the Henry Adams Morss and Henry Adams Morss, Jr. Professor of Applied Mathematics in the Department of Mathematics at MIT, he also is affiliated with CSAIL and the Center for Theoretical Physics (CTP).
He received a Distinguished Alumni Award from Caltech in 2007.
Shor is married to Jennifer S. Collins Shor, and they have two daughters. They live in Wellesley, Massachusetts.
- "The Mathematical Association of America's William Lowell Putnam Competition". Mathematical Association of America. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
- "Fields Medalists / Nevanlinna Price (sic) Winner 1998". International Mathematical Union. 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2010-09-26.
- "Fellows List - July 1999". John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
- Parberry, Ian (1999-05-10). "1999 Gödel Prize". ACM SIGACT. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
- "2002 King Faisal International Prizes for Science Announced". King Faisal Foundation.
- Murray Klamkin (Editor). Mathematical Association of America (January 1989). USA Mathematical Olympiads 1972-1986 Problems and Solutions (Anneli Lax New Mathematical Library), ISBN 0-88385-634-4 ISBN 978-0-88385-634-5, accessed May 10, 2007
- Mill Valley Historical Society, 2004, 'History of Homestead Valley'
- Stephen R. Dunbar, 'Identifying Talent: American Mathematics Competitions,' in Mathematical Association of America, Focus, Vol 24, Issue 3, March 2004, p 29
- "2007 Recipients". Distinguished Alumni Award. Caltech Alumni Association. Retrieved April 22, 2010.
- Shor, Peter Williston, "Random Planar Matching and Bin Packing", Ph.D. thesis, MIT, September 1985
- Academy Members: 1780-present. Cambridge, Massachusetts: American Academy of Arts & Sciences. 2011. p. 502.
- "2011 Members and Their Affiliations". American Academy of Arts & Sciences. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- DBLP: Peter W. Shor.
- Peter Shor's Home Page at MIT.
- Quantum Computing Expert Peter Shor Receives Carnegie Mellon's 1998 Dickson Prize in Science.
- Peter Shor at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Peter Shor's results at the International Mathematical Olympiad
Lectures and panels
- Video of "Harnessing Quantum Physics", Peter Shor's panel discussion with Ignacio Cirac, Michele Mosca, Avi Wigderson, Daniel Gottesman and Dorit Aharonov, at the Quantum to Cosmos festival