|Shumlin in June 2012|
|81st Governor of Vermont|
January 6, 2011
|Preceded by||Jim Douglas|
|Born||Peter Elliott Shumlin
March 24, 1956
Brattleboro, Vermont, United States
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||Wesleyan University|
Peter Elliott Shumlin (born March 24, 1956) is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who serves as the 81st and current Governor of Vermont. First elected Governor in the 2010 election, he was re-elected by a large margin in 2012. He previously served in the Vermont House of Representatives from 1990 to 1992 and represented the Windham District in the Vermont Senate for eight non-consecutive two-year terms. First, from 1993 to 2003, where he served in various leadership positions before leaving to become the Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Vermont, losing to Republican nominee Brian Dubie. After working in the family business for a number of years, he returned for a second spell in the Vermont Senate, serving from 2007 to 2011 before being elected Governor.
Early life, education and career 
Shumlin went to high school at the Buxton School, and he graduated from Wesleyan University in 1979. Shumlin served on the Putney Selectboard in the 1980s and helped found Landmark College, which is located in Putney. The college was created to help people with learning disabilities gain a college education. Shumlin's father, George, a third generation American, was Jewish, and descended from immigrants from Russia; Shumlin's mother, Kitty, is an immigrant who grew up in a Protestant family.
Early political career 
Vermont Legislature 
Shumlin was appointed by Democratic Governor Madeleine M. Kunin to fill a vacancy in the Vermont House of Representatives. He represented Putney from 1990 through 1992. In that year, he was elected to the Vermont Senate and was soon elected Senate Minority Leader by his caucus. In 1994, Shumlin led his Senate caucus to win back control of the Senate and he became Senate President Pro Tempore.
Campaign for Lieutenant Governor 
In 2002, Shumlin won the Democratic nomination for Lieutenant Governor, but placed second in the general election to Republican Brian Dubie of Essex in a three-way race that included Progressive Anthony Pollina of Middlesex.
Political interregnum 
From 2003 to 2006, Shumlin returned to the family business, Putney Student Travel, an educational firm that allows students in middle and high school to travel to foreign countries, learn about different cultures and prepare for college.
Return to the Vermont Senate 
In 2006, Shumlin ran for his old seat in the State Senate upon the retirement of Senator Rod Gander, who served in the Senate from 2002 to 2006. Upon his return to the State Senate, Shumlin was once again elected Senate President Pro Tempore.
Governor of Vermont 
2010 election 
On November 16, 2009, Shumlin announced his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Vermont. Shumlin placed first in the five-way August 24, 2010 Democratic primary with 18,276 votes (24.48%). The close election saw three other candidates come within 3,000 votes of Shumlin. Former Lieutenant Governor Doug Racine came second with 18,079 votes (24.22%), Secretary of State of Vermont Deborah Markowitz came third with 17,579 votes (23.9%) and former State Senator Matt Dunne came fourth with 15,323 (20.8%). Racine requested a recount, which confirmed Shumlin as the winner.
In the general election on November 2, 2010, Shumlin was elected Governor, receiving 119,543 votes (49.44%) to Republican Brian Dubie's 115,212 votes (47.69%). Because Vermont does not allow its Governor to be elected with fewer than 50% plus 1 of the total votes cast, the Vermont General Assembly officially elected Shumlin as Governor. The vote took place on January 6, 2011, with Shumlin winning 145 votes (80.6%) to Racine's 28 votes (15.6%). It was, however, a formality, as Dubie had conceded the race to Shumlint on November 3.
2012 election 
Vermont and New Hampshire are the only states whose governors do not serve four-year terms; rather, their governors are elected every two years, always in even-numbered years.
The 2012 election took place on November 6, 2012. Shumlin was unopposed in the Democratic primary and easily won re-election, defeating Republican candidate Randy Brock by 170,767 votes (58%) to 110,953 votes (37.7%).
On April 26, 2011, Shumlin appeared on The Rachel Maddow Show via telephone where he discussed health care reform in his state. He said he believes in health care for all and stressed repeatedly "health care is a right, not a privilege".
On May 26, 2011, "Vermont became the first state to lay the groundwork for single-payer health care...when [Governor Shumlin] signed an ambitious bill aimed at establishing universal insurance coverage for all residents".
On August 17, 2011, Shumlin became the first sitting governor in the United States to preside over a same-sex wedding ceremony.
On April 11, 2012, Shumlin was almost mauled by bears. Shumlin was chased by four bears that were raiding bird feeders on his property. Shumlin joked that Vermont "almost lost the governor," and added that he was within "three feet of getting 'arrrh.'"
On May 16, 2012, Shumlin signed a bill in front of group of high school students who pushed for it, banning the blasting of chemical-laced water underground. The bill made Vermont became the first state to pass a such a ban, signed in front of group of high school students who pushed for it.
Political positions 
Shumlin is a prominent opponent of the Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Plant, whose owner, Entergy, recently sued the State of Vermont in Federal court to enable use of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's recently approved 20-year extension to the plant's operating license. On balance, Entergy won that lawsuit, but the verdict is now under appeal by the state.
Two days after Shumlin was elected Governor, the owners of Vermont Yankee put it up for sale. However, there have been no bidders for its purchase thus far.
Shumlin is adamantly pro-choice, drawing a contrast between himself and his Republican gubernatorial opponent Brian Dubie, who would not answer the question of whether or not he would cut funding for low-income abortions when pressed by Shumlin during the two candidates' televised debates. He held a pro-choice rally two days prior to the election, prompting his opponent to host a pro-jobs rally on the same day to draw a contrast between the two candidates' priorities.
- Remsen, Nancy; Hallenbeck, Terri (November 3, 2010). "Dubie concedes in Vermont governor's race". The Burlington Free Press. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- Peter Shumlin, Project Vote Smart
- "Peter Shumlin to run for governor". Burlington (Vt.) Free Press. November 16, 2009.
- "Shumlin wins; Racine calls for recount". Burlington (Vt.) Free Press. August 27, 2010.
- "Dubie concedes to Shumlin in Vermont governor race". burlingtonfreepress.com. 2010-11-03.
- Wing, Nicholas (May 26, 2011). "Vermont Single-Payer Health Care Law Signed By Governor". Huffington Post.
- Curran, John (August 17, 2011). "Vermont governor presides over lesbians' marriage". The Boston Globe.
- Vt. Governor Chased by 4 Bears in Backyard
- Gerken, James (May 17, 2012). "VT Becomes First State To Ban Fracking". Huffington Post.
- "Vermont Yankee Nuclear Plant Owner Entergy Sues State To Stay Open". Huffington Post. April 18, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-11.
- Matthew W. Wald. Vermont Nuclear Plant Up for Sale The New York Times, November 4, 2010.
- "Shumlin applauds "Team Kale"". December 5, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Peter Shumlin|
- Governor Peter Shumlin official Vermont government site
- Peter Shumlin for Governor official campaign site
- Biography at the National Governors Association
- Biography, interest group ratings, public statements, vetoes and campaign finances at Project Vote Smart
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Campaign contributions at FollowTheMoney.org
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Appearances at the Internet Movie Database
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Profile at Notable Names Database
- Vermont Governor Shumlin Moves to Create Single-Payer Healthcare System - video report by Democracy Now!
- When The Rivers Rise Sierra Club Magazine article on Governor Shumlin and climate change
|Governor of Vermont
|United States order of precedence|
as Vice President
|Order of Precedence of the United States
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Otherwise John Boehner
as Speaker of the House of Representatives
as Governor of Rhode Island
|Order of Precedence of the United States
as Governor of Kentucky