Peter Staley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Peter Staley
American AIDS activist Peter Staley.jpg
Born (1961-01-09) 9 January 1961 (age 54)
Sacramento, California, United States
Alma mater Oberlin College
Occupation AIDS and gay rights activist, founder of TAG and AIDSmeds.com
Relatives Jes Staley (Brother)
Website
aidsmeds.com

Peter Staley (born January 9, 1961) is an American HIV/AIDS-LGBT rights activist, known for founding the Treatment Action Group (TAG) and the educational website AIDSmeds.com. He is a primary figure in the Oscar-nominated documentary How to Survive a Plague.

Early life and education[edit]

Staley was born in Sacramento, California in 1961, the third of four children. His father was a plant manager for Procter & Gamble at the time, and his family moved throughout the US until he was eight years old, when his family moved to Berwyn, Pennsylvania after his father was hired to run the PQ Corporation, based in Philadelphia.[1] He attended college at Oberlin, first studying classical piano at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music for a semester before transferring to Oberlin College to major in economics and government, spending his junior year abroad at the London School of Economics before graduating from Oberlin in 1983.[2] Following his graduation, he went to work for J.P. Morgan, where his brother Jes Staley was working (Jes became the CEO of J.P. Morgan's Investment Bank, before leaving in 2013 to join BlueMountain Capital).[3][4][5]

Involvement with ACT UP[edit]

Staley was diagnosed with AIDS-Related Complex (ARC) in 1985, after seeing a doctor for a persistent cold.[6] In 1987, after being handed a flyer on his way to work prior to the first demonstration by ACT UP (AIDS Coalition To Unleash Power), he decided to attend the next meeting.[7][8] Although he had come out to his family, Staley remained closeted at work, working as a bond trader by day and chairing ACT UP's fundraising operations by night, before coming out at work and going on disability leave.[9] On March 24, 1988, he took part in an ACT UP demonstration on Wall Street on the first anniversary of the group.[10] At that demonstration, he was in one of the first waves of people sitting in the street to block traffic, and was interviewed by a local TV station who broadcast his image with the caption "Peter Staley, AIDS victim."[11]

On April 25, 1989, Staley and three other activists barricaded themselves in an office at Burroughs Wellcome in Research Triangle Park, NC to protest the price of AZT (at the time priced at $8,000-$10,000 per year).[12][13] The four protesters used power tools to bolt metal plates to the door of an unoccupied office and had planned to drop a banner that would be visible from the nearby highway, Interstate 40, before authorities cut their way through a wall.[14][15] The protestors then chained themselves together, and were cut apart and charged with trespassing and property damage.[16] Staley, who at the time had been in talks with AZT developer David Barry to lower the price on the drug, would make peace with the company years later, following their $1 million donation to AIDS clinical trials programs in 1992.[17][18]

On September 14, 1989, Staley and six other activists staged another demonstration to protest the rising cost of AZT, this time in the New York Stock Exchange.[19] Dressed in suits and carrying fake credentials, they chained themselves to a balcony above the trading floor before unfurling a banner that read "Sell Wellcome", drowned out the opening bell with airhorns, and dropped fake $100 bills that read, "Fuck your profiteering. We die while you play business." on the traders below.[20] Within days, Burroughs Wellcome lowered the price of AZT by 20%.[21]

In 1989, he was part of a group that stormed the Fifth International AIDS Conference in Montreal, at the time a members-only event for doctors and HIV/AIDS researchers.[22] They took over seats reserved for dignitaries, and released their first Treatment and Data report calling for speedier access to AIDS drugs, although coverage of the demonstration was overshadowed by the events at Tiananmen Square.[23] The next year, Staley was a featured speaker at the Sixth International Conference on AIDS in 1990, held in San Francisco.[24][25] Staley would be involved in many more demonstrations and protests, ultimately being arrested 10 times, although due to the work of pro bono lawyers, he doesn't have a criminal record.[26]

Involvement with TAG[edit]

In 1991, Staley founded an ACT UP activist affiliate called TAG (which originally stood for Treatment Action Guerrillas, and later Treatment Action Group).[27] Formed from ACT UP's Treatment and Data Committee, the group was focused on actively working to pursue AIDS treatment solutions through activism, and working with groups that had been targeted by ACT UP, such as pharmaceutical companies.[28] As an event to launch the birth of the group, Staley draped a giant condom over the home of Senator Jesse Helms on September 5, 1991, protesting the position the senator had taken on AIDS-related issues.[29] The side of the giant nylon condom replica read "A condom to stop unsafe politics - Helms is deadlier than a virus." After police arrived, the group stopped the protest, and helped remove the condom.[30] No one was arrested, and Helms decided not to press charges.[31] Years later, Staley would reveal that the stunt had been funded by David Geffen.[32]

TAG broke away from ACT UP to focus on protesting government agencies on working for faster drug solutions through more coordinated AIDS research efforts.[33] At the 1992 International AIDS Conference in Amsterdam, the group called for negotiations and more proactive measures than protests in order to achieve those goals.[34] Staley later said that he regretted the split, wishing that they had been "able to keep it together as an organization."[35]

amfAR[edit]

From 1991-2004, Staley served on the board for amfAR (the Foundation for AIDS Research).[36] A nonprofit organization dedicated to supporting HIV/AIDS research, prevention, and treatment education, the group has invested more than $366 million in its various programs over the course of its history, which have spawned significant advances in the realm of the treatment and prevention of HIV.[37] During this time, he was named to President Bill Clinton's AIDS National Task Force on AIDS Drug Development, an 18-member panel of scientists, doctors and AIDS advocates to work to speed the research for new AIDS drugs.[38][39] In October 2000, he was honored by the organization as the recipient of their Award of Courage.[40]

AIDSmeds.com[edit]

In 1999, Staley founded AIDSmeds.com, a site “dedicated to providing people living with HIV the necessary information they need to make empowered treatment decisions.”[41][42] It expanded to include topics including gay health, and education and resources related to gay health.[43] In 2006, AIDSmeds.com merged with POZ, a publication for people living with and affected by HIV/AIDS.[44] Staley is still with the merged organization as a blogger and advisory editor.[45][46]

Ad campaign against crystal meth[edit]

In 2004, Staley funded and launched an ad campaign in New York, warning of the link between crystal meth use and HIV in gay and bisexual men.[47] A former crystal meth addict himself, Staley had ads placed on phone booths along Eighth Avenue in Chelsea that read “Huge Sale! Buy Crystal, Get HIV Free!”[48][49][50] The controversial ads attracted attention from both supporters and detractors.[51][52]

How to Survive a Plague[edit]

Staley features prominently in the 2012 documentary How to Survive a Plague, which depicts the early years of the AIDS epidemic and the actions of ACT UP and TAG.[53] For the film, director David France relied heavily on archival footage, much of it taken from VHS tapes in Staley's personal collection.[54] The documentary was nominated for an Oscar.[55] It also received awards for the best documentary of 2012 from the Gotham Independent Film Awards and from the Boston Society of Film Critics, and was nominated for best documentary at the Independent Spirit Awards.[56] In addition, the film was nominated for a Directors Guild Award and the Grand Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival, and won a GLAAD Media Award for Outstanding Documentary.[57]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staley, Peter. "Peter Staley, AIDS Victim - Peter Staley". Blogs.poz.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  2. ^ Ryan Michael Milbrath. "THE EFFECTS OF IDENTITY AND POLITICAL CONSCIOUSNESS ON THE SUCCESS AND FAILURES OF THE ACTIVIST GROUP AIDS COALITION TO UNLEASH POWER (ACT-UP)" (PDF). University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  3. ^ Sarah Schulman (December 9, 2006). "ACT UP Oral History Project Interview with Peter Staley" (PDF). The New York Lesbian & Gay Experimental Film Festival. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  4. ^ McDonald, Duff (2010-04-16). "The other guy you need to know at J.P. Morgan - Apr. 16, 2010". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  5. ^ MICHAEL J. DE LA MERCED (January 8, 2013). "JPMorgan’s Staley to Join BlueMountain Capital". DealBook. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  6. ^ Staley, Peter. "The Picture - Peter Staley". Blogs.poz.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  7. ^ "Protocols for Action: David France's 'How to Survive a Plague' | International Documentary Association". Documentary.org. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  8. ^ The Bowdoin Orient. "AIDS activist Staley speaks at film screening — The Bowdoin Orient". Bowdoinorient.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  9. ^ "Q & A with Peter Staley". VAX Report. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  10. ^ "Detailed Scenes: Fight Back, Fight AIDS". Actupny.org. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  11. ^ "Peter Staley Honoring with Pride 2000 Honoree". amfAR. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  12. ^ Emmons, Willis M. (1995-11-17). "Burroughs Wellcome and AZT (A) - Case - Harvard Business School". Hbs.edu. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  13. ^ "AIDS Activists Stage Protest". The Dispatch, Lexington, NC. April 26, 1989. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  14. ^ "P.M. BRIEFING : 4 Seized Protesting AIDS Drug Cost - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. 1987-03-21. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  15. ^ "Activists Occupy Pharmaceutical Office to Protest AZT Price". Apnewsarchive.com. 1989-04-25. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  16. ^ "Activists Protest AIDS Treatment Cost". Spartenburg Herald-Journal. April 26, 1989. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  17. ^ "Watch The Program - Chapter 7 | The Age Of Aids | FRONTLINE". PBS. 2006-05-30. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  18. ^ "AZT Maker Gives $1 Million to Research : Health: The firm seeks to end an estrangement with AIDS activists with a donation to a clinical trials program. - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. 1993-05-27. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  19. ^ Newport, Josh (2011-06-01). "Austin’s STI Habitat". The Austin Cut. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  20. ^ Victory Deferred: How AIDS Changed Gay Life in America - John-Manuel Andriote - Google Books. Books.google.com. 1989-09-14. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  21. ^ "Film review: How to survive a plague – the early years of ACT-UP New York | Simon Collins blog". I-base.info. 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  22. ^ "When PWAs first sat at the high table (Montreal AIDS Conference '89)". Actupny.org. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  23. ^ Barr, David. "Enemies at the Gate". Treatment Action Group. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  24. ^ "Peter Staley: 22 Years on, the Ban is Not Over". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  25. ^ "ABC News Nightline AIDS Conference". IMDB. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  26. ^ Occupy Wall Street (2012-03-27). ""How to Survive a Plague": As ACT UP Turns 25, New Film Chronicles History of AIDS Activism in U.S". Daily Kos. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  27. ^ Kevin Sessums (2009-04-09). "'Awful Middle-Class Queens'". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  28. ^ "Mark Allen: Why I Think How to Survive a Plague Is Going to be Huge". Huffingtonpost.com. 2012-09-21. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  29. ^ "Sean Strub: Condomizing Jesse Helms' House". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  30. ^ "Protestors Inflate Replica of Giant Condom Atop Senator's Home". Apnewsarchive.com. 1991-09-05. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  31. ^ "I Wrapped a Giant Condom Over Jesse Helms' House - WFMU's Beware of the Blog". Blog.wfmu.org. 2006-01-18. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  32. ^ Staley, Peter. "In Memory of Jesse Helms, and The Condom On His House - Peter Staley". Blogs.poz.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  33. ^ Rimmerman, Craig A. "ACT UP". TheBody.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  34. ^ "History, Written by the Survivors". gaycitynews.com. 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  35. ^ "Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative: News & Publications". Aids.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  36. ^ "Peter Staley". IMDB. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  37. ^ "Key Accomplishments". amfAR. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  38. ^ Published: February 07, 1994 (1994-02-07). "Clinton Names AIDS Panel to Speed Drug Search - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  39. ^ "1993.11.30 : National Task Force on AIDS Drug Development". Department of Health and Human Services. Nov 30, 1993. Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  40. ^ "October #64 : Upward Mobility - by Denny Lee". Poz.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  41. ^ "hivpositivemagazine.com". hivpositivemagazine.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  42. ^ "All About AIDSmeds.com". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  43. ^ Gay Market Guide - Matthew Skallerud - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  44. ^ "May #123 : Medicine Men - by Sally Chew". Poz.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  45. ^ "Staff Bios - Oriol Gutierrez - Sean Strub". Poz.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  46. ^ Staley, Peter. "Peter Staley". Blogs.poz.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  47. ^ Crystal Meth and Men who Have Sex with Men: What Mental Health Care ... - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  48. ^ ANDREW JACOBSPublished: January 12, 2004 (2004-01-12). "The Beast in the Bathhouse; Crystal Meth Use by Gay Men Threatens to Reignite an Epidemic - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  49. ^ "Clean Addict Funds Anti-Drug Ads". Gaycitynews.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  50. ^ "Crystal Meth Dealers by Eli Sanders - Seattle Pullout - Marching Orders For... - The Stranger, Seattle's Only Newspaper". Thestranger.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  51. ^ "Community Reactions To Campaigns Addressing Crystal Methamphetamine Use Among Gay And Bisexual Men In New York City". Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  52. ^ The House of Diabolique. "where robots and dance music collide". The House of Diabolique. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  53. ^ Taylor, Ella (2012-09-20). "Movie Review - 'How To Survive A Plague' - The Heroes Who Tamed AIDS". NPR. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  54. ^ "Peter Staley talks about surviving a plague - Main Line Suburban Life". Main Line Media News. 2013-03-18. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  55. ^ "Oscar-Nominated Doc 'How To Survive A Plague' to Become ABC Miniseries (Exclusive)". Hollywoodreporter.com. 2013-02-28. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  56. ^ Bernstein, Jacob (12 December 2012). "A Story of AIDS, From the Beginning". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  57. ^ "How to Survive a Plague - film by Sundance Selects". Sundanceselects.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 

External links[edit]