Pedro V of Portugal

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Pedro V
PedroV.JPG
Pedro V, aged 23 (1860)
King of Portugal and the Algarves
Reign 15 November 1853 – 11 November 1861
Acclamation 16 September 1855
Predecessor Maria II
Successor Luís I
Regent Fernando II (1853–1855)
Prime Ministers
Spouse Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Full name
Portuguese: Pedro de Alcântara Maria Fernando Miguel Rafael Gonzaga Xavier João António Leopoldo Víctor Francisco de Assis Júlio Amélio de Bragança e Bourbon Saxe-Coburgo-Gotha
House House of Braganza–Coburg
Father Fernando II of Portugal
Mother Maria II of Portugal
Born (1837-09-16)16 September 1837
Palace of Necessidades, Lisbon
Died 11 November 1861(1861-11-11) (aged 24)
Palace of Necessidades, Lisbon
Burial Pantheon of the Braganzas
Signature
Religion Roman Catholicism

Dom Pedro V (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpedɾu]; English: Peter V; 16 September 1837 – 11 November 1861), nicknamed "the Hopeful" (Portuguese: o Esperançoso), was King of Portugal from 1853 to 1861.

Early life and reign[edit]

Pedro V aged 23, c. 1860.

He was the eldest son of Queen Maria II and her de jure uxoris co-monarch Ferdinand II and was born after his mother's accession. As heir apparent to the throne he was styled Prince Royal (Príncipe Real), and was also the 19th Duke of Braganza (Duque de Bragança).

Pedro was a conscientious and hard-working monarch who, under the guidance of his father, sought radical modernisation of the Portuguese state and infrastructure. Under his reign, roads, telegraphs, and railways were constructed and improvements in public health advanced. His popularity increased when, during the cholera outbreak of 1853–1856, he visited hospitals handing out gifts and comforting the sick.

Pedro V, along with his brothers Fernando and João and other royal family members, succumbed to typhoid fever or cholera in 1861.

Marriage[edit]

Pedro married Princess Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, eldest daughter of Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Princess Josephine of Baden, by proxy in Berlin on 29 April 1858 and then in person in Lisbon on 18 May 1858. This was a happy marriage until Queen Stephanie died a year later from diphtheria.[1] Pedro and Stephanie's marriage was childless so the Portuguese throne passed to his brother Louis.

Titles, styles and honors[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

Royal styles of
King Pedro V of Portugal
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Portugal (1640-1910).png
Reference style His Most Faithful Majesty
Spoken style Your Most Faithful Majesty
Alternative style Sire
  • 16 September 1837 – 15 November 1853: His Royal Highness The Prince Royal of Portugal
  • 15 November 1853 – 11 November 1861: His Most Faithful Majesty The King of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, etc.[2]

Nobility[edit]

Peter held the following titles as heir to the Portuguese crown:[3]

Honours[edit]

As King Peter V, he was awarded the following honours:

Portuguese orders:[4]

Foreign orders:[4]

Ancestry[edit]

The ancestry of Peter V, comprising five generations:[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The autopsy proved the queen had died a virgin. The marriage had never been consummated. Mónica, Maria Filomena. Cenas da Vida Portuguesa, Lisboa: Quetzal, 1999.
  2. ^ Pinto 1883, pp. XV–XVI.
  3. ^ Castelo Branco e Torres 1838, pp. XXIV–XXV, XXXIV.
  4. ^ a b Pinto 1883, p. XVI.
  5. ^ Pinto 1883, pp. XV–XLVII.

Further reading[edit]

  • Castelo Branco e Torres, João Carlos Feo Cardoso de (1838). Resenha das familias titulares do Reino de Portugal: acompanhada das notícias biographicas de alguns individuos das mesmas famílias (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Imprensa Nacional. 
  • Pinto, Albano da Silveira (1883). Resenha das familias titulares e grandes de Portugal (in Portuguese) I. Lisbon: Francisco Arthur da Silva. 
Pedro V of Portugal
Cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Born: 16 September 1837 Died: 11 November 1861
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Maria II and Ferdinand II
King of Portugal and the Algarves
1853–1861
Succeeded by
Luís I