||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
16 September 1952 |
|Institutions||University of Innsbruck|
|Alma mater||University of Innsbruck|
|Known for||Trapped ion quantum computer|
|Notable awards||Wolf Prize in Physics (2013)
Benjamin Franklin Medal (2010)
Dirac Medal (2006)
Max Planck Medal (2005)
Peter Zoller (born 16 September 1952) is a theoretical physicist from Austria. He is Professor at the University of Innsbruck and works on quantum optics and quantum information and is best known for his pioneering research on quantum computing and quantum communication and for bridging quantum optics and solid state physics.
Peter Zoller studied physics at the University of Innsbruck, obtained his doctorate there in February 1977, and became a lecturer at their Institute of Theoretical Physics. For 1978/79, he was granted a Max Kade stipend to research with Peter Lambropoulos at the University of Southern California. In 1980, he stayed in Auckland, New Zealand, as a researcher with the group around Dan Walls. In 1981, Peter Zoller handed in his book “Über die lichtstatistische Abhängigkeit resonanter Multiphoton-Prozesse” at the University of Innsbruck to qualify as a professor by receiving the “venia docendi”. He spent 1981/82 and 1988 as Visiting Fellow at the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics (JILA) of the University of Colorado, Boulder, and 1986 as guest professor at the Université de Paris-Sud 11, Orsay. In 1991, Peter Zoller was appointed Professor of Physics and JILA Fellow at JILA and at the Physics Department of the University of Colorado, Boulder. At the end of 1994, he accepted a chair at the University of Innsbruck, where he has worked ever since. From 1995 to 1999, he headed the Institute of Theoretical Physics, from 2001 to 2004, he was vice-dean of studies. Peter Zoller continues to keep in close touch with JILA as Adjoint Fellow. Numerous guest professorships have taken him to all major centres of physics throughout the world. He was Loeb lecturer in Harvard, Boston, MA (2004) and Yan Jici chair professor at the University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, chair professor at Tsinghua University, Beijing (2004), Lorentz professor at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands (2005), Distinguished Lecturer at the Technion in Haifa (2007), Moore Distinguished Scholar at Caltech (2008/2010) and Arnold Sommerfeld Lecturer at LMU München (2010). In 2012/13 he was “Distinguished Fellow” at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching, Munich. Since 2003, Peter Zoller has also held the position of Scientific Director at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information (IQOQI) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.
As a theoretician, Peter Zoller has written major works on the interaction of laser light and atoms. In addition to fundamental developments in quantum optics he has succeeded in bridging quantum information and solid state physics. The model of a quantum computer,  suggested by him and Ignacio Cirac in 1995, is based on the interaction of lasers with cold ions confined in an electromagnetic trap. The principles of this idea have been implemented in experiments over recent years and it is considered one of the most promising concepts for the development of a scalable quantum computer. Zoller and his researcher colleagues have also managed to link quantum physics with solid state physics. One of his suggestions has been to build a quantum simulator with cold atoms and use it to research hitherto unexplained phenomena in high temperature superconductors. Zoller’s ideas and concepts attract plenty of interest within the scientific community and his works is highly cited.
Peter Zoller has received numerous awards for his achievements in the field of quantum optics and quantum information and especially for his pioneering work on quantum computers and quantum communication. These include the Wolf Prize in Physics (with Juan Ignacio Cirac) (2013), the "Hamburger Preis für theoretische Physik" (2011), the Blaise Pascal Medal in Physics (2011), The Franklin Institute's 2010 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Physics (with Juan Ignacio Cirac and David Wineland), the 2008 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award, in the Basic Sciences category (ex aequo with Ignacio Cirac), the Dirac Medal (2006), the 6th International Quantum Communication Award (2006), the Niels Bohr/UNESCO Gold Medal (2005), the Max Planck Medal (2005) of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, the Humboldt Research Award (2000), the Schrödinger Prize (1998) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, the Max Born Award (1998) of the Optical Society of America, as well as the Wittgenstein Award (1998), Austria’s highest scientific accolade, the Ludwig Boltzmann Prize (1983) of the Austrian Physical Society. In 2001, Peter Zoller became full member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, in 2008 he was elected to the United States National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, in 2009 to the Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences, in 2010 to the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, in 2012 to the European Academy of Sciences, and in 2013 to the Academia Europaea. In 2012 he has received the honorary doctorate of the University of Amsterdam.
- "Biography Peter Zoller". University of Innsbruck. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "Prof. Peter Zoller Winner of Wolf Prize in Physics - 2013". Wolf Foundation. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- Cirac, Ignacio; Zoller, Peter. "Quantum Computations with Cold Trapped Ions". Physical Review Letters (APS) 74 (20): 4091–4094. Bibcode:1995PhRvL..74.4091C. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.4091. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Monroe, Christopher; Kim, Jamie. "Scaling the Ion Trap Quantum Processor". Science (AAAS) 339 (6124): 1164–1169. Bibcode:2013Sci...339.1164M. doi:10.1126/science.1231298. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Jaksch, Dieter; Bruder, Christoph; Cirac, Ignacio; Gardiner, Crispin; Zoller, Peter. "Cold Bosonic Atoms in Optical Lattices". Physical Review Letters (APS) 81: 3108–3111. arXiv:cond-mat/9805329. Bibcode:1998PhRvL..81.3108J. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.3108. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Cirac, Ignacio; Zoller, Peter. "Goals and opportunities in quantum simulation". Nature Physics (Nature Publishing Group) 8: 264–266. Bibcode:2012NatPh...8..264C. doi:10.1038/nphys2275. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Highly Cited Research". Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Google Scholar Citations". Google Scholar. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Peter Zoller erhält Hamburger Preis für theoretische Physik". University of Hamburg. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "The Blaise Pascal Medals 2011". European Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Franklin Laureate Database - Peter Zoller". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Basic Sciences 2008". BBVA Foundation. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Dirac Medallist 2006". Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP). Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "2006 International Quantum Communications Award". National Institute of Information and Communications Technology. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "DPG Preisträgerinnen und Preisträger 2005". Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Max Born Award". The Optical Society. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Wittgenstein Award Laureate 1998 Univ. Prof. Dr. Peter Zoller". Wittgensteinpreis TrägerInnen Club. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Member Directory: Peter Zoller". Austrian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Member Directory: Peter Zoller". United States National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Foreign Members: Peter Zoller". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Académicos Correspondientes Extranjeros". Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "List of Members: Peter Zoller". German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Peter Zoller". The Academy of Europe. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Honorary doctorate for Prof. Peter Zoller". University of Amsterdam. Retrieved 10 April 2014.