Peterculter

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 57°05′49″N 2°15′57″W / 57.09700°N 2.26570°W / 57.09700; -2.26570

Peterculter
Scottish Gaelic: Cultair
Scots: Petercouter
Peterculter is located in Aberdeen
Peterculter
Peterculter
 Peterculter shown within the City of Aberdeen
Population 4,320 (2004)[1]
OS grid reference NJ840007
Council area City of Aberdeen
Lieutenancy area Aberdeen
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PETERCULTER
Postcode district AB14 0xx
Dialling code 01224
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Aberdeen South
Scottish Parliament Aberdeen South and North Kincardine
List of places
UK
Scotland
Aberdeen

Peterculter Listeni/ˌptərˈktər/ (Scots: Petercouter), [2] also known as Culter (Scots: Couter), is a suburb of Aberdeen, Scotland, about eight miles inland from Aberdeen city centre.[3] Peterculter is on the northern banks of the River Dee, near the confluences with Crynoch Burn and Leuchar Burn. Following the 1996 Scottish council boundary changes it became part of the City of Aberdeen.

Communication mast on Ardbeck Hill Peterculter

The latter part of the name is said to come from the Gaelic compound word "Cul-tir", which signifies the "back part" of the country.

History[edit]

About one mile south west of the Peterculter, near Peterculter Golf Club is the site of the Roman marching camp at Normandykes.

King William the Lion bestowed the church of Kulter, “iuxta Abirdene”, upon the Abbey and monks of St Mary of Kelso, about 1165–1199. The gift was afterwards confirmed by Mathew, Bishop of Aberdeen, within whose diocese the church sat.

Alan of Soltre, chaplain, who had probably been an ecclesiastic of the hospital, or monastery of Soutra, in Lothian, was presented by the Abbot of Kelso, to the vicarage of the church of Culter, 1239–1240.

In 1287–1288, an agreement was made between the Abbot and Convent of Kelso and the brotherhood of the Knights of Jerusalem, regarding the Templars’ lands of Blairs and Kincolsi (Kincousie), on the south side of the Dee, by which a chapel, built by the Templars at their house of Culter, was recognised as a church, with parochial rights, for the inhabitants of the said lands. It was this agreement that changed the existing parish of Culter into two separate parishes with two separate names, the other being Maryculter.

Attractions[edit]

Statue of Rob Roy

High up on the steep, rocky bank of the Culter Burn near the western exit of the village is a colourful and well-tended kilted wooden figure holding a broadsword and targe (shield) that represents Rob Roy Macgregor, who according to local legend leapt across the stream at that point to flee pursuing Hanoverian troops (Given the width of the stream there, the story - which has its local variants in many parts of Scotland - is unlikely to have much basis in fact). The original statue is thought to have been a modified ship's figurehead.

Due to its nearness to Aberdeen City and being only about thirty miles from the Cairngorm National Park, Culter is a base for tourists. In the town itself there are chances of many local walks, including its connection to the Deeside Way at the site of the former Culter railway station.

For sport, there is Peterculter Golf Club and Culter Sports Centre. Each year, on the last Saturday in May is the Culter Gala, in the main playing field of the village; this event draws hundreds of people.

Education[edit]

Culter School is a primary school in Peterculter dating from 1896.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/files1/stats/04mid-year-estimates-settlements-table1.pdf gro-scotland.gov.uk
  2. ^ The Online Scots Dictionary
  3. ^ United Kingdom Ordnance Survey Map, Landranger 45, Stonehaven and Banchory, 1:50000 scale (2004)
  4. ^ Early history of Peterculter

External links[edit]