Petersburg National Battlefield

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Petersburg National Battlefield
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Restored entrance to mine, Petersburg VA.jpg
Restored entrance to the mine destroyed in the Battle of the Crater
Map showing the location of Petersburg National Battlefield
Map showing the location of Petersburg National Battlefield
Location Southeast Virginia, USA
Nearest city Petersburg, Virginia
Coordinates 37°13′10″N 77°21′41″W / 37.21944°N 77.36139°W / 37.21944; -77.36139Coordinates: 37°13′10″N 77°21′41″W / 37.21944°N 77.36139°W / 37.21944; -77.36139
Area 2,740 acres (1,110 ha)[1]
Established July 3, 1926 (1926-July-03)
Visitors 213,261 (in 2011)[2]
Governing body National Park Service
Designated: October 15, 1966
Reference No. 66000831[3]

Petersburg National Battlefield is a National Park Service unit preserving sites related to the American Civil War Siege of Petersburg. The Battlefield is centered around Petersburg, Virginia, and also includes outlying components in Hopewell, Prince George County, and Dinwiddie County. Over 140,000 people visit the park annually.

Park Units[edit]

Petersburg National Battlefield is composed of three major units and an additional managed component.

Eastern Front Visitor Center and Park Tour Road[edit]

Located off Virginia Route 36 east of Petersburg, the Eastern Front Visitor Center is the main visitor contact station for the Battlefield. Here, visitors can view exhibits and movies about the Siege of Petersburg as well as view Battery #5, an important early site in the Siege. The park entrance fee is also collected on the Eastern Front Visitor Center access road.[citation needed]

After leaving the Visitor Center, one can begin their park tour. A motor tour route runs from Virginia Route 36 to US Route 301. Along the way, visitors can view sites such as Fort Stedman and The Crater.

Five Forks Battlefield[edit]

Located in Dinwiddie County about 14 miles (23 km) southwest of downtown Petersburg, this unit contains the site of the Battle of Five Forks, which destroyed a sizable portion of the remaining Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Sometimes called the "Waterloo of the Confederacy," Five Forks helped set in motion a series of events that led to Robert E. Lee's subsequent surrender at Appomattox Court House.[citation needed]

City Point Unit[edit]

Battery XVI in the Main Unit

Sited next to the James River in Hopewell, City Point served as a major command and logistics hub for the Union Army during the Siege of Petersburg. It is located in the City Point Historic District.

Poplar Grove National Cemetery[edit]

The 8.72-acre (3.53 ha) Poplar Grove National Cemetery is administered by Petersburg National Battlefield.

History[edit]

Reenactors at Petersburg National Battlefield.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  2. ^ "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 

External links[edit]