Petersham, New South Wales

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Petersham
SydneyNew South Wales
PetershamTH.JPG
Petersham Town Hall, Crystal Street
Population 7,529 (2011)[1]
Postcode(s) 2049
Location 6 km (4 mi) south-west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Marrickville Council
State electorate(s) Marrickville
Federal Division(s) Grayndler
Suburbs around Petersham:
Leichhardt Leichhardt Annandale
Lewisham Petersham Stanmore
Dulwich Hill Marrickville Enmore
Petersham railway building

Petersham is a suburb in the Inner West[2] of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Petersham is located 6 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Marrickville Council.[3] Petersham is known for its large Portuguese community which is reflected in the many Portuguese businesses and restaurants, although only 151 (2%) of the population was born in Portugal according to the 2011 census.[1]

Petersham is bordered by the suburbs of Leichhardt to the north, Stanmore to the east, Marrickville to the south and Lewisham to the west. Taverners Hill, named after Fred Taverner, is a locality in the western part of the suburb.

History[edit]

European settlement[edit]

Major Francis Grose (Lieutenant-Governor) sent workmen to the area in 1793 to clear the bush and plant corn and wheat. He named the area Peters-Ham or Petersham after his native village in Surrey, England.[citation needed] Petersham remained an agricultural area, winning awards for some of the best crops and stock in the colony in 1803.[citation needed] Kangaroo hunting was also popular in the area. The name was also used for the surrounding parish.

Dr Robert Wardell (1793–1834) purchased land from many grantees in the district and in 1831 his estate eventually stretched 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) from Petersham to the Cooks River. Following his murder by escaped convicts in 1834, the estate was subdivided. The train line from Sydney to Parramatta opened in 1855 and trains stopped here from 1857. A platform was built in 1863. The original Petersham post office became Annandale in 1855. Another post office opened as Norwood in May 1860 and was moved to Petersham station in 1870. The first public school opened in 1878.

Petersham municipality was incorporated in 1872. The local council merged with Marrickville and St Peters in 1948 to form the Municipality of Marrickville. In 1916, the Boys' section of Fort Street High School moved to Petersham from Observatory Hill, followed by the Girls' section in 1975.[4]

Wartime plane crash[edit]

Mosquito HR576 RAF (UK) disintegrated over the inner western Sydney suburbs of Leichhardt and Petersham on 2 May 1945 during an air test flight. The crew of two were killed but fortunately no one on the ground was seriously injured by the falling debris of the Mosquito. The Daily Telegraph of 3 May 1945 stated that two civilians were injured and a total of 18 properties were damaged. Five houses were set on fire by the falling debris.[citation needed]

It was suspected that a violent pull out from a power dive, with its associated high 'g' forces may have led to the structural failure of the aircraft. The two crew members tried to escape from the aircraft but they were not high enough for their parachutes to open. Flight Lieutenant David Rochford of Oxford, England and LAC Charles Boydell from Mosman were both killed. Flight Lieutenant Rochford's body was found in the playground of Petersham Public School while LAC Boydell's body was found on the roof of a railway building about 100 metres away.[5]

Commercial area[edit]

A small row of shops lines New Canterbury Road and extends down Audley Street towards the railway station. There are some Portuguese businesses here including several Portuguese restaurants, some of which are renowned for selling traditional styled flame-grilled chicken and cod dishes. Local landmarks include the Petersham Town Hall, the water tower and Petersham Park. The Great Western Avenue or Parramatta Road passes Petersham where shops are along the street.

Transport[edit]

Petersham railway station is on the Airport, Inner West & South Line of the Sydney Trains network. Travelling west, all stations services run from the City Circle to Homebush. The station includes an ornate iron pedestrian bridge over the train line. The old station building was built in 1886 in the Victorian Free Classical style. It has been described as "the largest and grandest of the surviving 19th century railway stations in the Sydney area," and is listed on the Register of the National Estate.[6]

The 428, 444, 445 and 412 buses run through Petersham at different points. The 428 runs from Canterbury to Circular Quay, the 444 and 445 run from Campsie to Balmain, and the 412 runs from Campsie to King Street Wharf in the city.

Schools[edit]

Fort Street High School, located on Parramatta Road, is the oldest selective school in New South Wales and has 934 students as of 2013. Petersham Public School sits on the Petersham and Lewisham borders, and has 170 students. The old public school building located in Gordon Street goes back to 1878. Along with the church in the grounds, it is listed on the Register of the National Estate.[7] Taverners Hill Public School situated on Elswick Street, is an infants only school with 60 students and recently published its own cook book.[8]

All Saints Anglican Church

Churches[edit]

  • All Saints Anglican Church, Petersham
  • Petersham Assembly of God, on Audley Street
  • Petersham Masonic Temple, on Fisher Street.
  • Metropolitan Community Church
  • Thai Church: "House of Faith" at Petersham Assembly of God
  • Nova Alianca (Portuguese-speaking) at Petersham Assembly of God

Architecture[edit]

Petersham's houses are predominantly terrace houses, similar to those of Summer Hill and Stanmore on the north side of the railway station near Parramatta Road.

Population[edit]

The suburb has a high number of persons born in Southern Europe, most particularly Portugal (2.0%) and also Italy (1.5%) and Greece.[1]

Notable residents[edit]

Culture[edit]

Local events include the annual Audley Street festival, which is a celebration of the suburb's Portuguese ties. Petersham is also home to the Petersham Bowling Club.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Petersham (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Australian Suburb Guide: Sydney Inner West Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  3. ^ Gregory's Sydney Street Directory, Gregory's Publishing Company, 2007
  4. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8
  5. ^ "About Petersham College | TAFE Sydney Institute". Sit.nsw.edu.au. Retrieved 2013-08-22. 
  6. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981
  7. ^ The Heritage of Australia
  8. ^ Taverners Hill Cookbook ISBN 978-0-646-48367-2

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°53′46″S 151°09′15″E / 33.8961°S 151.1543°E / -33.8961; 151.1543