Peterstow

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Peterstow
Peterstow 04.jpg
Yew Tree Inn, Peterstow
Peterstow is located in Herefordshire
Peterstow
Peterstow
 Peterstow shown within Herefordshire
Population 361 (2001)
OS grid reference SO564245
Shire county Herefordshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Ross-On-Wye
Postcode district HR9 6xx
Dialling code 01989
Police West Mercia
Fire Hereford and Worcester
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Hereford
List of places
UK
England
Herefordshire

Coordinates: 51°55′05″N 2°38′06″W / 51.9181°N 2.63505°W / 51.9181; -2.63505

Peterstow is a village and Civil parish in Herefordshire, England, situated about 2 miles (3 km) west of Ross-on-Wye on the A49.

General description of the village[edit]

The general features of the village include the Parish Church, a former Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, and The Common, with a war memorial in the form of a stone cross bearing the village name. There is also a pub, the Yew Tree, and a village stores and Post office. The village school closed in 1969, and is now a private dwelling.

The village bakery is a successful business which has a shop in Ross-on-Wye.[1][citation needed]

In 1874, a Mr. Thomas Blake gave land for the Wesleyan Methodists to build a chapel. In the simpler architectural style typical of the Primitive Methodists, this was used by the Wesleyans for 50 years. The Chapel was bought by the Parish Church in 1924, and used as a church hall until a few years ago.[2] It was sold because it is not possible to install modern facilities including water supply and drainage. It is now in private ownership.[3]

History[edit]

The name of the village has changed several times during the past 1,000 years. The first recorded name Llanpetyr (from 1045–1104) is Welsh. The name Petrestowe was found in 1278. Other variants from 1291 to 1724 are Ecclesiade-Petrestowe; Petrustoye; Petrestowe; and Pitstowe.[4]

Possibly the earliest record of habitation in the area relates to iron ore smelting in Roman, and possibly medieval times. Artifacts relating to this are on display in the Heritage Centre at Ross.[5]

In 1100, Henry I set up 3 royal manors in Herefordshire, including the manor of Wilton, which included Peterstow.[6]

St Peter's Church[edit]

St Peter's Church, Peterstow, Herefordshire

St Peter's Church is in the Ross and Archenfield Deanery of the Diocese of Hereford.

The earliest known building was Anglo-Saxon, built on the site of an existing burial ground. A reference in the Book of Llandaff says that Herwald, Bishop of Llandaff, consecrated a church at Llanbedr in 1066.[7] A 12th century Norman building replaced this, using some of the enormous foundation stones. This was rebuilt in 1330. A font and bell tower were added in the 15th century, and a panelled pulpit in the 17th.

The present appearance of the building is due to the "great restoration" in the 1860s, under the rector, Dr John Jebb with Sir George Gilbert Scott as architect. The re-opening was on 2 July 1866.[7]

In 2009 the nave was "re-ordered", the pews being removed and a modern wooden floor and chairs being installed.[8] The west end was partitioned off to provide for a kitchen, and a toilet to disabled access standards. Other equipment includes a new amplification system with audio induction loop. The nave is available as a village hall when not required for Church services. The chancel has not been altered during this work (other than redecoration), and preserves the character of a place of Christian worship.

Recreation[edit]

The Herefordshire Trail long distance footpath passes through the village.

Items of interest[edit]

Until mains water was provided in 1960, the village was supplied by wells and pumps. Of several ram pumps installed around the village, one manufactured by Green and Carter has been restored and is pumping water at the Flann (one of the original farms of Peterstow).[9]

Views of the village[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Millennium Book, p. 22.
  3. ^ Conversation with Church Wardens, June 2009.
  4. ^ The Peterstow Millennium Book, "for the villagers of Peterstow by the villagers", published by the villagers, 2000, page 3. A leatherbound copy is on display in St Peter's Church.
  5. ^ Millennium Book, p.6.
  6. ^ Millennium Book, p.5.
  7. ^ a b Millennium Book, p. 17.
  8. ^ http://www.stainburntaylor.co.uk/news.html
  9. ^ Millennium Book, p. 148.

External links[edit]