Petite-Rivière-Saint-François

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Petite-Rivière-Saint-François
Municipality
Le Massif mountain overlooking the St. Lawrence River
Le Massif mountain overlooking the St. Lawrence River
Motto: Vers le large, vers les hauteurs
Location within Charlevoix RCM.
Location within Charlevoix RCM.
Petite-Rivière-Saint-François is located in Central Quebec
Petite-Rivière-Saint-François
Petite-Rivière-Saint-François
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 47°18′N 70°34′W / 47.300°N 70.567°W / 47.300; -70.567Coordinates: 47°18′N 70°34′W / 47.300°N 70.567°W / 47.300; -70.567[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Capitale-Nationale
RCM Charlevoix
Settled 1675
Constituted July 1, 1855
Government[2]
 • Mayor Gérald Maltais
 • Federal riding Montmorency—Charlevoix
—Haute-Côte-Nord
 • Prov. riding Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré
Area[2][3]
 • Total 150.20 km2 (57.99 sq mi)
 • Land 134.10 km2 (51.78 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 744
 • Density 5.5/km2 (14/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 5.8%
 • Dwellings 617
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0A 2L0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 138
Website www.petiteriviere.com

Petite-Rivière-Saint-François is a municipality in Quebec, Canada, along the Saint Lawrence River. It is considered the gateway to the Charlevoix region.

It is home to Le Massif ski resort.

History[edit]

Maillard Chapel

In June 1603, Samuel de Champlain sailed past there and wrote about the location: "The following Thursday, we left [Hare Island], and lowered the anchor in a dangerous cove on the north side, where there are some meadows and a little river where the Indians sometimes camp." The name Petite Rivière ("Little River") stuck, although over time the place has been identified in many other ways: Cap-Raide, Rivière-du-Sot, Anse-aux-Pommiers, l'Abattis (1695), l'Abatis (1755), Vieille-Rivière, Ruisseau-à-la-Nasse, Cap-Maillard, François-Xavier, Côte-de-Saint-François-Xavier' Saint-François-Xavier-de-la-Petite-Rivière-Saint-François.[1]

In 1675, the Seminary of Quebec, owner of the Beaupré Seignory that stretched from Beauport to Baie-Saint-Paul, granted land to Claude Bouchard, followed by another 15 concessions until the end of the 17th century. The settlement, the oldest in the Charlevoix region, grew at the mouth of the Little River in a deep valley east of Cape Maillard where natural open grassland accommodated the early colonizers. In 1721, the local parish was formed, named Saint-François-Xavier after Francis Xavier, founder of the Jesuits. In 1845, it was incorporated but the municipality was abolished in 1847. In 1855, it was reestablished as the Parish Municipality of Saint-François-Xavier-de-la-Petite-Rivière. In common use, the place remained known as just Petite-Rivière.[1][4]

In 1986, it changed status and name to become the Municipality of Petite-Rivière-Saint-François.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[5]

  • Population in 2011: 744 (2006 to 2011 population change: 5.8%)
  • Population in 2006: 703
  • Population in 2001: 730
  • Population in 1996: 753
  • Population in 1991: 802

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 320 (total dwellings: 617)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 0%
  • French as first language: 100%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 0%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Petite-Rivière-Saint-François (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-05-03. 
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Petite-Rivière-Saint-François
  3. ^ a b Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Petite-Rivière-Saint-François census profile
  4. ^ "Un village fort de son histoire" (in French). Municipalité de Petite-Rivière-Saint-François. Retrieved 2010-05-03. 
  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census