Petrelë

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Petrela)
Jump to: navigation, search
Petrelë
Petrelë
Skyline
Skyline
Petrelë is located in Albania
Petrelë
Petrelë
Coordinates: 41°15′N 19°51′E / 41.250°N 19.850°E / 41.250; 19.850Coordinates: 41°15′N 19°51′E / 41.250°N 19.850°E / 41.250; 19.850
Country  Albania
County Tirana County
District Tirana District
Time zone Central European Time (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Car Plates TR
Website [1]

Petrelë is a town 15 km south of Tirana, in central Albania on the road to Elbasan (the ancient Scampa). It is part of Tirana District and Tirana County. It is famous for its castle, history, and beautiful views.One can definitely see why it is called such, since the town and its castle are built on a huge stone on top of a small mountain. Halfway up the hill on which Petrela is situated are noteworthy remains of defensive walls which comprise terracing operations on the S, E, and W sides; above each section is a level area. On the best preserved, which is on the W side, rises a building to a height of 5 m and to a length of 20 m. The walls form a double ring, of which the outer section is built of square blocks which form a pseudo-isodomic structure strengthened by buttresses. In the vicinity, fragments of Hellenistic pottery have been discovered.[1]

In ancient times Petrelë was known as Petralba, which translated from Greek means 'the stone' of 'alba', therefore "The stone of Albanians". One can definitely see why it is called such, since the town and its castle are built on a huge stone on top of a small mountain.

The tower in the center was built in the 5th century AD, although most of the remainder is Byzantine dating from between the 11th and 14th centuries. The castle was used mostly to watch for Ottoman troops marching towards inner Albania. In Ottoman times, the castle was the house of Scanderbeg's sister (Mamica Kastrioti). The town and castle were also very dear to Scanderbeg and he used to take time off to come and rest in the area.

The castle offers spectacular views of the Erzen valley, the hills, olive groves, and surrounding mountains.[2]

A village 13 km S of Tirana on the road to Elbasan (the ancient Scampa). Halfway up the hill on which Petrela is situated are noteworthy remains of defensive walls which comprise terracing operations on the S, E, and W sides; above each section is a level area. On the best preserved, which is on the W side, rises a building to a height of 5 m and to a length of 20 m. The walls form a double ring, of which the outer section is built of square blocks which form a pseudo-isodomic structure strengthened by buttresses. In the vicinity, fragments of Hellenistic pottery have been discovered.

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]