Petrich

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Petrich
Петрич
Skyline of Petrich
Petrich is located in Bulgaria
Petrich
Petrich
Location of Petrich
Coordinates: 41°24′N 23°13′E / 41.400°N 23.217°E / 41.400; 23.217Coordinates: 41°24′N 23°13′E / 41.400°N 23.217°E / 41.400; 23.217
Country Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Blagoevgrad
Government
 • Mayor Velyo Iliev
Area
 • Total 80.421 km2 (31.051 sq mi)
Elevation 168 m (551 ft)
Population (2009-12-31)
 • Total 29,920
 • Density 370/km2 (960/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 2850
Area code(s) 0745
Website Official website

Petrich (Bulgarian: Петрич) is a town in Blagoevgrad Province in southwestern Bulgaria, located at the foot of the Belasica Mountains in the Strumeshnitsa Valley. As of 31 December 2009, the town has 29920 inhabitants.[1]

It is the seat of Petrich Municipality.

Petrich is located close to the borders with Greece and the Republic of Macedonia. The crossing into Republic of Macedonia is known as Novo Selo-Petrich, as the first settlement across the border is Novo Selo.

Petrich Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named for Petrich.

History[edit]

World War I memorial

Petrich was included in the territory of the Bulgarian State during the reign of Knyaz Boris I (852-889). During the Middle Ages it was a Bulgarian fortress of importance during Tsar Samuil's wars (997-1014) with Byzantium. During Ottoman rule, it formed part of the Rumeli Eyalet, and in the 19th century became a kaza of the Sanjak of Serres in the Salonica Vilayet. From 19 January 1892 Petrich and its district were included in the Bulgarian Exarchate, before being included in Bulgaria following the Balkan Wars in 1912-13. The Greek army attempted to capture the town in 1925 but was stopped at the outskirts; this event is known as the Incident at Petrich.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Petrich is mediterranean climate with considerable continental influence, especially in winter. Average winter temperature is around 4 °C, while the average summer temperature is around 25 °C. Winter season, around two months, starts in late December and lasts until early February. Summer is the longest season in Petrich, around 5 months, lasting from May through September, some years as late as October. Petrich is the sunniest city in Bulgaria with yearly sunshine hours exceeding 2,700 on average but it varies a lot between the years. In December, the darkest months, there are only 3–4 hours of sunshine while in July, the sunniest month, Petrich averages 12 hours of sunshine, making it one of the sunniest places of Continental Europe.

Climate table:

Climate data for Petrich, Bulgaria(2000-)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
23.5
(74.3)
31.7
(89.1)
34.8
(94.6)
38.1
(100.6)
41.6
(106.9)
44.1
(111.4)
43.4
(110.1)
40.1
(104.2)
34.1
(93.4)
26.3
(79.3)
23.8
(74.8)
44.1
(111.4)
Average high °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
9.7
(49.5)
15.1
(59.2)
20.0
(68)
25.3
(77.5)
29.8
(85.6)
32.9
(91.2)
33.1
(91.6)
26.8
(80.2)
20.7
(69.3)
14.2
(57.6)
8.3
(46.9)
20.3
(68.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
5.0
(41)
9.4
(48.9)
13.8
(56.8)
19.1
(66.4)
23.5
(74.3)
26.2
(79.2)
26.5
(79.7)
21.0
(69.8)
15.5
(59.9)
9.4
(48.9)
4.7
(40.5)
14.8
(58.6)
Average low °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
0.2
(32.4)
3.8
(38.8)
7.5
(45.5)
12.8
(55)
17.1
(62.8)
19.5
(67.1)
19.8
(67.6)
15.2
(59.4)
10.3
(50.5)
4.6
(40.3)
1.1
(34)
9.3
(48.7)
Record low °C (°F) −22.8
(−9)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−10.6
(12.9)
−5.7
(21.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
4.0
(39.2)
8.5
(47.3)
6.6
(43.9)
0.1
(32.2)
−6.2
(20.8)
−11.3
(11.7)
−18.9
(−2)
−22.8
(−9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.81)
42
(1.65)
42
(1.65)
41
(1.61)
53
(2.09)
57
(2.24)
34
(1.34)
31
(1.22)
31
(1.22)
53
(2.09)
71
(2.8)
53
(2.09)
563
(22.17)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 113 139 211 215 286 331 373 344 243 206 147 103 2,703
Source #1: stringmeteo.com[2][not in citation given]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory

Economy[edit]

The town is an agricultural centre for fruit, vegetables and tobacco. It has two factories, making water level detectors and details for cranes.

Broadcasting station[edit]

There is a 500 kW mediumwave broadcasting station working on 747 kHz. It uses as antenna a 205 metre tall guyed mast insulated with an additional cage antenna. This mast was built in 1977.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]