Petrifaction in mythology and fiction
Petrification is associated with the legends of Medusa, the basilisk, the Svartálfar and the cockatrice, among others. In fairy tales, characters who fail in a quest may be turned to stone until they are rescued by the successful hero, as in the tales such as The Giant Who Had No Heart in His Body, The Water of Life and The Dancing Water, the Singing Apple, and the Speaking Bird, as well as many troll tales.
In Cornish folklore, petrifaction stories are used to explain the origin of prehistoric megalithic monuments such as stone circles and monoliths, including The Merry Maidens stone circle, The Nine Maidens of Boskednan, the Tregeseal Dancing Stones), and The Hurlers. Supposedly petrified Cardiff Giant was one the most famous hoaxes in American history.
Modern fiction 
Petrifaction magic is a major plot element in the animated series Gargoyles and the novels The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe and Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (in which however the characters are not actually turned to stone; they are just put into a cold, lifeless, paralysed, dead-like state), as well as the video game The Legend of Zelda: The Minish Cap and in the manga Negima!.
It is also prominently featured in the novel The Patchwork Girl of Oz (Dr. Pipt's Liquid of Petrifaction), the manga and anime series Naruto (Senjutsu) and My-Otome, the TV series Seijuu Sentai Gingaman, Masters of the Universe (Snake Men) and Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders, the video games Pokémon (the move "Glare"), Elite Beat Agents and Drakan: Order of the Flame, and in the role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons (the arcane spell Flesh to Stone), Roper Klacks from the Longest Journey, among many others.
In the Norwegian comedy film "Trolljegeren"(Trollhunter) the trolls turn into stone when exposed to sunlight, as depicted in the folk tales. The film, which is a fictional documentary, contains a scientific explanation for this.
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