Petriscript

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PetriScript is a modelling language for Petri nets, designed by Alexandre Hamez and Xavier Renault.

The CPN-AMI platform provides many tools to work on Petri nets, such as verifying or model-checking tools. It was easily possible to graphically design simple Petri nets with Macao, but various works made internally at LIP6 reveal that it was needed to automate such task.

Therefore PetriScript has been designed to provide some facilities in modelling places-transition and coloured Petri nets within the CPN-AMI platform.

Its main purpose is to automate modelling operations on Petri nets such as merging, creating, and connecting nodes. Thus, it supports almost everything needed like macros, loops control, lists, string and arithmetic expressions, and avoids to the maximum the intervention of the user. Its syntax is more or less Ada-like.

For example, the following script produces a FIFO with three sections:

define(FIFO_SIZE,3)
define(FIFO_BASE_X,100)
define(FIFO_BASE_Y,100)
define(FIFO_STEP,120)
int $wave := 0;
for $wave in 1..FIFO_SIZE loop
        create place "Slot_" & '$wave' (x FIFO_BASE_X + FIFO_STEP * $wave,
                y FIFO_BASE_Y);
        create place "Empty_" & '$wave' (x FIFO_BASE_X + FIFO_STEP * $wave,
                y FIFO_BASE_Y + 100, marking "1");
end loop;
for $wave in 1..FIFO_SIZE+1 loop
        create transition "t" & '$wave -1' & "_to_" & '$wave' (x FIFO_BASE_X + FIFO_STEP * $wave - FIFO_STEP / 2,
                y FIFO_BASE_Y + 50);
        if $wave < FIFO_SIZE+1 then
                connect "1" transition "t" &'$wave -1' & "_to_" & '$wave' to  place "Slot_" & '$wave';
                connect "1" place "Empty_" & '$wave' to transition "t" &'$wave -1' & "_to_" & '$wave';
        end if;
        if $wave > 1 then
                connect "1" transition "t" &'$wave -1' & "_to_" & '$wave' to  place "Empty_" & '$wave - 1';
                connect "1" place "Slot_" & '$wave - 1' to transition "t" &'$wave -1' & "_to_" & '$wave';
        end if;
end loop;
set transition "t0_to_1" to (name "FIFO_Start");
set transition "t" &  'FIFO_SIZE' & "_to_" & 'FIFO_SIZE + 1' to (name "FIFO_End");

Which produces the following graph: Petriscript fifo.png

Here is another example that shows the power of PetriScript:

define(X,250)
define(Y,350)
define(radius,50)
define(R,150)

define(SECTIONS,15)

define(INNER_ANGLE,360/SECTIONS)
define(OUTER_ANGLE,360/(2*SECTIONS))

int $i := 0;
int $j := 0;

for $i in 1.. SECTIONS loop
        create place "F" & '$i' ( x X, y Y, r radius, t $i * INNER_ANGLE);
        create place "Section_" & '$i' ( x X, y Y,  r R, t $i * INNER_ANGLE);
        create transition "t" & '$i' & "_to_" & '$i mod SECTIONS + 1' ( x X, y Y, r R, t $i * INNER_ANGLE + OUTER_ANGLE);
end loop;


for $i in 1.. SECTIONS loop
        connect place "Section_" & '$i'  to transition "t"&'$i' & "_to_" & '$i mod SECTIONS + 1';

        connect transition "t" & '$i' & "_to_" & '$i mod SECTIONS + 1' to place "Section_" & '$i mod SECTIONS + 1';

        if $i /= 1 then
                connect place "F" & '$i'  to transition "t" & '$i-1' & "_to_" & '$i';
        else
                connect place "F1"  to transition "t" & 'SECTIONS' & "_to_" & '1';
        end if;
        
        connect transition "t" &'$i mod SECTIONS + 1' & "_to_" & '($i+1) mod SECTIONS + 1' to place "F" & '$i';

end loop;

for $i in 1.. SECTIONS loop
        if $i mod 3 = 0 then
                set place "Section_" & '$i' to marking "1";
        else
                set place "F" & '$i' to marking "1";
        end if;
end loop;

Which produces the following graph: Trains.png

External links[edit]

A full documentation is available here