|Petro Poroshenko at the Munich Security Conference 2010|
|Minister of Trade and Economic Development of Ukraine|
23 March 2012 – 24 December 2012
|Preceded by||Andriy Klyuyev|
|10th Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine|
9 October 2009 – 11 March 2010
|Preceded by||Volodymyr Khandohiy|
|Succeeded by||Kostyantyn Gryshchenko|
|Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine|
February 2005 – September 2005
|People's Deputy of Ukraine|
1998 – September 2007
|People's Deputy of Ukraine|
12 December 2012
26 September 1965 |
Bolhrad, Odessa Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Spouse(s)||Maryna (born 1962)|
|Children||Olexiy (born 1985), Yevheniya and Oleksandra (born 2000) and Mykhaylo (born 2001)|
Petro Oleksiyovych Poroshenko (Ukrainian: Петро Олексійович Порошенко; born 26 September 1965) is a Ukrainian businessman and politician (former Minister for Foreign Affair and Minister of Trade and Economic Development of Ukraine) sometimes cited as one of the most influential people in Ukrainian politics.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Business career
- 3 Political career
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Early life and education
Petro Poroshenko was in born in the city of Bolhrad, Odessa Oblast, on 26 September 1965, but was raised in the city of Vinnytsia in central Ukraine. In 1989, he graduated with a degree in economics from the faculty of international relations and international law (subsequently Institute of International Relations) of the Kiev State University.
After graduation, Poroshenko started his own business selling cacao beans. In 1990s, he acquired control over several confectionery enterprises. Subsequently, he united his holdings in that indutstry into Roshen group, the largest confectionery manufacturer in Ukraine. The fortunes he made in the chocolate industry earned him a nickname a Chocolate King.
Stance on market economy
Swedish economist and one-time Ukraine national government advisor Anders Åslund has described Poroshenko as an "uncommonly courageous" man willing to challenge the Yanukovych family's near-stranglehold on Ukrainian economic power and support the pro-EU protest movement. According to Åslund, Poroshenko's stance is made more tolerable by the fact that his sugar and confectionery empire is less subject to the Yanukovyches' direct control than are heavy industry.
Member of the Verkhovna Rada and Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council
Poroshenko first won a seat in Verkhovna Rada (the Parliament of Ukraine) in 1998. He was initially a member of United Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (SDPU(o)), the most loyal to president Leonid Kuchma political party at the time. Poroshenko left SDPU(o) in 2000 to create an independent left-of-center faction Solidarity, in 2001 Poroshenko was instrumental in creating Party of Regions, also loyal to Kuchma (Solidarity never joined Party of Regions however). However, in December 2001 he broke ranks with Kuchma supporters to become campaign chief of Viktor Yushchenko's opposition Our Ukraine Bloc. After parliamentary elections in March 2002 in which Our Ukraine won the biggest share of the popular vote and Poroshenko a seat in parliament, Poroshenko served as head of the parliamentary budget committee.
Poroshenko is considered a close confidant of Viktor Yushchenko who is a god-father of Poroshenko's daughters. Being probably the wealthiest businessman among Yushchenko supporters, Poroshenko was often cited as one of the chief sponsors of Our Ukraine and the Orange Revolution.
After Viktor Yushchenko won the presidential elections in 2004, Poroshenko was appointed Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council. Amid the September 2005 political crisis in Ukraine that followed the highly publicized mutual allegations of corruption in Ukrainian politics, Poroshenko was dismissed by the president who at the same time sacked the entire cabinet of ministers led by prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko, Poroshenko's political arch-rival in post-Orange Revolution Ukraine. After his sacking as General Prosecutor of Ukraine by President Yuschenko in October 2005 Svyatoslav Piskun claimed his dismissal by Yuschenko came because he refused to institute criminal proceedings against Tymoshenko, and refused to drop proceedings against Poroshenko.
In March 2006 parliamentary election Poroshenko was re-elected to the Ukrainian parliament through the list of Our Ukraine electoral bloc. He chaired the parliamentary Committee on the Finance and Banking. Allegedly since Poroshenko claimed to post of Chairman of the Ukrainian Parliament for himself the Socialist Party of Ukraine choose to be part of the Alliance of National Unity because they promised their party leader, Oleksandr Moroz, would be elected Chairman if that coalition would be formed. This left Poroshenko's Our Ukraine and their ally Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc out of the Government.
Poroshenko did not run in the September 2007 parliamentary election.
10th Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine
Ukrainian President Yushchenko nominated Poroshenko for foreign minister on 7 October 2009. Poroshenko was appointed by the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) on 9 October 2009. On 12 October 2009 President Yushchenko (re)appointed Poroshenko into the National Security and Defense Council.
Poroshenko supports Ukrainian NATO-membership and stated in December 2009 "I believe that with a political will and a public wish to do so, public support for politicians in charge, and a clear and right awareness policy, becoming a NATO member could be accomplished within a year or two". However he also stated NATO membership should not be a goal in itself "Our goal must be conducting reforms, improving living standards. I believe that here we must do everything to improve the situation in the country rather than obtain somebody's permission for some actions".
Minister of Economic Development and Trade
Late February 2012 Poroshenko was named as the new Minister of Trade and Economic Development in the Azarov Government; on 9 March 2012 President Yanukovych stated he wanted Poroshenko to work in the government on the post of economic development and trade minister. On 23 March 2012 Poroshenko was appointed economic development and trade minister of Ukraine by Yanukovych. The same month he stepped down as head the Council of Ukraine's National Bank.
Return to Verkhovna Rada
Poroshenko returned to Verkhovna Rada (parliament) after the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election after winning with more than 70% as an independent candidate in single-member districts number 150 (first-past-the-post wins a parliament seat) located in Vinnytsia Oblast. He did not enter any faction in parliament.
- Yanukovych appoints new Cabinet of Ministers, Kyiv Post (24 December 2012)
- Poroshenko not intending to join any faction, Kyiv Post (12 December 2012)
Poroshenko fears uncontrolled economic situation in Ukraine due to foreign borrowing, Interfax-Ukraine (20 June 2013)
- (Russian) Biography, Korrespondent
- Poroshenko appointed economic development and trade minister of Ukraine, Kyiv Post (23 March 2012)
Poroshenko explains reasons behind accepting economy minister's post, Kyiv Post (23 March 2012)
- (Russian) Порошенко Петр Алексеевич Poroshenko Petr Aleksiyovych, ЛІГА.net
- Regions Party not to vote for Poroshenko’s appointment Ukraine’s foreign minister, Kyiv Post (8 October 2009)
- Hryvnia exchange rate could strengthen, says NBU Council head, Interfax-Ukraine (16 March 2011)
- Poroshenko is not going to sell Channel 5 TV, Kyiv Post (23 May 2010)
- Eight Ukrainians make Forbes magazine's list of world billionaires, Kyiv Post (8 March 2012)
- "Ukraine crisis: Yanukovych and the tycoons". BBC News Europe online. 11 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Ukrainian Political Update by Taras Kuzio and Alex Frishberg, Frishberg & Partners, 21 February 2008 (page 22)
- New «region» formed in Ukrainian Parliament, Central European University (26 March 2001)
- Results of voting in single-mandate constituencies, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
- Independent standpoint on Ukraine:Dismissal of Prosecutor-General, Closure of Poroshenko Case Create New, ForUm (28 October 2005)
- Ukrainian president proposes Petro Poroshenko for foreign minister, Interfax-Ukraine (7 October 2009)
- Rada appoints Poroshenko Ukraine's foreign minister, Interfax-Ukraine (9 October 2009)
- By 240 out of 440 MPs registered in the session hall. In particular, 151 MPs of the Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko faction, 63 of the Our Ukraine-People's Self-Defense Bloc, 20 members of the Bloc of Volodymyr Lytvyn, one deputy of the Party of Regions, one member of the Communist Party faction and four deputies not belonging to any faction voted for the nomination.
- Poroshenko put on Ukraine's NSCD, Kyiv Post (12 October 2009)
- Poroshenko: Ukraine could join NATO in 1-2 years, with political, public will, Kyiv Post (4 December 2009)
- Mass Media:Poroshenko heads Ministry of Economy, UNIAN (23 February 2012)
- Regions Party: Poroshenko appointed economy minister, Kolobov appointed finance minister, Kyiv Post (23 February 2012)
- President:Prime Minister nominated Petro Poroshenko for Minister of Economy, President.gov.ua (23 February 2012)
- Ukrainian president wants Poroshenko to head economic development and trade ministry, Kyiv Post (9 March 2012)
- (Ukrainian)Полтавська область. Одномандатний виборчий округ №112 Vinnytsia region. The single-mandate constituency № 12, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
- Minister Poroshenko and his father registered as self-nominees for Vinnytsia region, Kyiv Post ( December 2012)
- Poroshenko appears set to join race for Kyiv mayor, Ukraine Business Online (12 February 2013)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petro Poroshenko.|
- Personal website (Ukrainian)