Petro Shelest

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Petro Shelest
Петро Шелест
Petro Shelest.JPG
First Secretary of Central Committee of Communist Party of Ukraine
In office
23 June 1963 – 19 May 1972
Preceded by Nikolai Podgorny
Succeeded by Volodymyr Shcherbytsky
Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union
In office
19 May 1972 – 7 May 1973
Premier Alexei Kosygin
Preceded by Mikhail Yefremov
Succeeded by Zia Nureyev
Personal details
Born Petro Yukhymovych Shelest
(1908-02-14)14 February 1908
Andriivtsi, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire (now Ukraine)
Died 22 January 1996(1996-01-22) (aged 87)
Moscow Oblast, Russia
Nationality Soviet Ukrainian
Political party Communist Party of Ukraine (Soviet Union)

Petro Yukhymovych Shelest (Ukrainian: Петро Юхимович Шелест; Russian: Пётр Ефи́мович Ше́лест) (February 14, 1908 – January 22, 1996) was the First Secretary of the Communist party in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (a position roughly equivalent to that of a governor of a U.S. state or province), a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and a deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR.

Petro Shelest was born in a peasant Ukrainian family in a village near Kharkiv in 1908. In 1928 he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and in 1935 graduated from Mariupol' Metallurgical Institute.

Between 1943 and 1954 Shelest was a chief manager of several large factories in Leningrad and Kiev. Between 1954 and 1962 he was the Mayor of Kiev in addition to becoming the secretary of the Ukrainian Communist party. Soon he was promoted to the top position of first secretary of the Communist party of Ukrainian SSR and led it between 1963 and 1972. During his tenure and due to his cautious encouragement, there was a brief yet noticeable resurgence of the Ukrainian regional culture. In 1972 he became deputy chairman of the Sovmin (USSR Council of Ministers). Awarded Hero of Socialist Labor honorary title in 1968. In 1973 Petro Shelest was forced into retirement by Leonid Brezhnev.

References[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Nikolai Podgorny
1st Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine
1963–1972
Succeeded by
Volodymyr Shcherbytsky
Preceded by
Hryhoriy Hryshko
1st Secretary of the Communist Party of Kiev Oblast
1957–1962
Succeeded by
Vasyl Drozdenko