Graph of Top Oil Producing Countries 1960-2006, including Russia
The petroleum industry in Russia is one of the largest in the world. Russia has the largest reserves, and is the largest exporter, of natural gas. It has the second largest coal reserves, the eighth largest oil reserves, and is the largest producer of oil. It is the third largest energy user.
Russia is the largest oil producer in the world, producing an average of 9.93 million barrels (1,579,000 m3) of oil per day in 2009 for a total of 494.2 million tons. It produces 12% of the world's oil and has a same share in global oil exports. In June 2006, Russian crude oil and condensate production reached to the post-Soviet maximum of 9.7 million barrels (1,540,000 m3) per day. Exceeding production in 2000 by 3.2 Mbbl/d (510,000 m3/d). Russian export consists more than 5 Mbbl/d (790,000 m3/d) of oil and nearly 2 Mbbl/d (320,000 m3/d) of refined products, which go mainly to the Europe market. The domestic demand in 2005 was 2.6 Mbbl/d (410,000 m3/d) in averaged. It is also the main transit country for oil from Kazakhstan.
The Russian oil industry is in need of huge investment. Strong growth in the Russian economy means that local demand for energy of all types (oil, gas, nuclear, coal, hydro, electricity) is continuing to grow.
Russia's oil and gas companies 
The biggest Russian oil company is Rosneft followed by Lukoil, Surgutneftegaz, Gazprom Neft and Tatneft. All oil trunk pipelines (except Caspian Pipeline Consortium) are owned and operated by the state-owned monopoly Transneft and oil products pipeline are owned and operated by its subsidiary Transnefteproduct.
See also 
External links 
- All Russian oil companies on Russian Business Map MXKR.ru
- Country Analysis: Russia's Oil and Natural Gas: Oil Exports and Russia's Evolving Oil and Natural Gas Industry Structure.
- "Major Russian Companies: Some Details" (1995-1996), Joint Project by Expert Magazine and Menatep Bank, undated.
- "Russia's oil renaissance," BBC, 24 June 2002.
- History of Oil in Russia, Sibneft, 2003.
- "The Oil and Gas Industry": 1999-2000 and 2000-2004, Kommersant, 23 October 2001 and 17 May 2004.
- David Correll, "Russia: the new oil giant. An industry perspective," AMEC, July 2004.