Petropavl

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Petropavl
Петропавл
Петропавловск
Petropavl mosque.jpg
Official seal of Petropavl
Seal
Petropavl is located in Kazakhstan
Petropavl
Petropavl
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 54°53′0″N 69°10′0″E / 54.88333°N 69.16667°E / 54.88333; 69.16667
Country Kazakhstan
Province North Kazakhstan Province
Founded 1752
City Status 1807
Government
 • Akim (mayor) Nurzhan Ashimbetov
Area
 • Total 221.6 km2 (85.6 sq mi)
Elevation 140 m (460 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 201,446
 • Density 910/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zone BTT (UTC+6)
Postal code 150001 - 150013
Area code(s) +7 7152
Vehicle registration T
Website www.petropavl.sko.kz

Petropavl (Kazakh: Петропавл/Petropavl/پەترۇپاۆل), also known as Petropavlovsk (Russian: Петропавловск, Petropavlovsk, not to be confused with Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky), is a city on the Ishim River in northern Kazakhstan close to the border with Russia, about 261 km west of Omsk along the Trans-Siberian Railway. It is the capital of the North Kazakhstan Province.[1] Population: 201,446 (2009 Census results);[2] 203,523 (1999 Census results).[2]

History[edit]

Petropavl was founded in 1752 as a Russian fort extending Russian settlement and influence into the nomadic Kazakh territories to the south. The fort got its name after two Christian saints, apostles Peter and Paul. It was granted the status of city in 1807. Petropavl was an important trading center for silk and carpets until the Russian Revolution of 1917.

Transport[edit]

Railway station in Petropavl

Petropavl has a railway station with connections to the russian capital Moscow and Kazakhstan's capital Astana.

Petropavl Airport is located 11 km south of the city.

Climate[edit]

Petropavl has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with cold, dry winters and warm, wetter summers.

Climate data for Petropavl
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
19.5
(67.1)
13.5
(56.3)
31.1
(88)
37.2
(99)
40.3
(104.5)
40.5
(104.9)
38.6
(101.5)
33.6
(92.5)
26.2
(79.2)
21.0
(69.8)
7.2
(45)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) −13.2
(8.2)
−11.8
(10.8)
−4.6
(23.7)
8.2
(46.8)
18.6
(65.5)
24.0
(75.2)
25.1
(77.2)
22.5
(72.5)
16.9
(62.4)
7.4
(45.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−10.8
(12.6)
6.6
(43.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −17.6
(0.3)
−16.5
(2.3)
−10.0
(14)
2.8
(37)
12.0
(53.6)
17.6
(63.7)
19.4
(66.9)
16.6
(61.9)
10.7
(51.3)
2.2
(36)
−7.9
(17.8)
−14.9
(5.2)
1.2
(34.2)
Average low °C (°F) −22.1
(−7.8)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−15.0
(5)
−2.2
(28)
5.4
(41.7)
10.9
(51.6)
13.2
(55.8)
10.8
(51.4)
5.3
(41.5)
−2.0
(28.4)
−11.9
(10.6)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−4.1
(24.6)
Record low °C (°F) −48.0
(−54.4)
−42.5
(−44.5)
−36.8
(−34.2)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−15.8
(3.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−9.4
(15.1)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−37.5
(−35.5)
−45.0
(−49)
−48.0
(−54.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 18.1
(0.713)
13.8
(0.543)
13.5
(0.531)
18.1
(0.713)
30.2
(1.189)
43.5
(1.713)
60.4
(2.378)
51.0
(2.008)
28.9
(1.138)
29.8
(1.173)
24.6
(0.969)
21.0
(0.827)
352.9
(13.894)
Avg. precipitation days 17.2 14.1 12.5 9.7 11.1 9.3 9.2 10.9 11.0 12.8 16.4 18.6 152.8
Avg. snowy days 19 16 13 6 1 0 0 0 1 11 17 18 102
 % humidity 80.0 78.6 78.8 67.1 57.3 64.9 69.3 70.0 70.2 75.8 84.3 81.3 73.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 77.5 130.0 189.1 234.0 288.3 309.0 306.9 244.9 183.0 108.5 75.0 62.0 2,208.2
Source #1: Weatherbase[3]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory[4]

Education[edit]

Petropavl is the location of North Kazakhstan State University, named for M. Kozybaev, established in 1937 as Petropavlovsk Teachers Training Institute.[5]

Sports[edit]

The city's bandy team in the Spartakiade 2009 on home ice was victorious.[6] Cyclist Alexander Vinokourov is a native of the city.[citation needed]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Petropavl is twinned with:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Город Петропавловск
  2. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Petropavlovsk, Kazakhstan". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Climatological Information for Petropavlovsk, Kazakhstan". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  5. ^ "The History of NKSU," North Kazakhstan State University, www.nkzu.kz/ —In English.
  6. ^ http://akghaik.ucoz.ru/photo/9-3-0-0-2

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°53′N 69°10′E / 54.883°N 69.167°E / 54.883; 69.167