Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky (town)

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Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky (English)
Петровск-Забайкальский (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Zabaykalsky Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Zabaykalsky Krai in Russia
Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky is located in Zabaykalsky Krai
Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky
Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky
Location of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky in Zabaykalsky Krai
Coordinates: 51°16′N 108°50′E / 51.267°N 108.833°E / 51.267; 108.833Coordinates: 51°16′N 108°50′E / 51.267°N 108.833°E / 51.267; 108.833
Administrative status (as of January 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Zabaykalsky Krai[1]
Administrative district Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky District[1]
Administrative center of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2009)
Urban okrug Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 18,549 inhabitants[3]
Time zone IRKT (UTC+08:00)[4]
Founded 1789[citation needed]
Town status since 1926[citation needed]
Previous names Petrovsky Zavod (until 1926)[citation needed]
Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky on WikiCommons

Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky (Russian: Петровск-Забайкальский; IPA: [pʲɪˈtrofsk zəbɐjˈkalʲskʲɪj]) is a town and the administrative center of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located along the Balyaga River in the valley between Zagan-Daban and Zagorinsky mountain ranges, 413 kilometers (257 mi) southwest of Chita. Population: 18,549 (2010 Census);[3] 21,164 (2002 Census);[5] 28,291 (1989 Census).[6]

History[edit]

Before exploring expeditions of the Russian Cossacks in the 17th century, the future Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky's spot was a route junction of nomadic Buryat tribes. Peter the Great granted the heads of the tribes with principality. The settlement, founded in 1789 and known then as Petrovsky Zavod (Петровский Завод),[citation needed] grew and developed around its iron refinery. From 1830 to 1839, it was a detention place for seventy-one Decembrists and ten their wives, who were sent here from Chita. There is a commemorating mark on the railway station. In a restored house of the princess Yelena Troubetskaya, wife of Sergey Trubetskoy, was organized a museum, which opened on October 10, 1980. In Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky's historical district there are several buildings related to the times of Decembrists in the town.

In 1926, the settlement was granted town status and given its present name.[citation needed]

In 1940, a new iron refinery was built, which was of the important iron factories in the region during following decades.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky serves as the administrative center of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky District and is subordinated to it.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky is incorporated as Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky Urban Okrug.[7]

Economy and transportation[edit]

There is a glass plant, a sawmill, and food factories in Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky. The town is a railroad station on the Trans-Siberian Railway, and on the Chita–Ulan-Ude route.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities of Zabaykalsky Krai
  2. ^ a b Law #316-ZZK
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ The Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities lists one town, three urban-type settlements, and twenty-two rural localities in Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky District. The town of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky is listed as a part of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky Urban Okrug in Law #316-ZZK.

Sources[edit]

  • Министерство территориального развития Забайкальского края. 1 января 2014 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов Забайкальского края», в ред. Распоряжения №209-р от 10 июня 2014 г.. (Ministry of the Territorial Development of Zabaykalsky Krai. January 1, 2014 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities of Zabaykalsky Krai, as amended by the Directive #209-r of June 10, 2014. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Забайкальского края. Закон №316-ЗЗК от 18 декабря 2009 г. «О границах муниципальных районов и городских округов Забайкальского края», в ред. Закона №770-ЗЗК от 26 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Забайкальского края "О границах муниципальных районов и городских округов Забайкальского края"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Забайкальский рабочий", №239–242, 21 декабря 2009 г. (Legislative Assembly of Zabaykalsky Krai. Law #316-ZZK of December 18, 2009 On the Borders of the Municipal Districts and Urban Okrugs of Zabaykalsky Krai, as amended by the Law #770-ZZK of December 26, 2012 On Amending the Law of Zabaykalsky Krai "On the Borders of the Municipal Districts and Urban Okrugs of Zabaykalsky Krai". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).
  • Дворниченко Н. Е., Земля за Байкалом, Иркутск, 1970
  • Прыжов И. Г., Пушкарев Л. Н., Декабристы в Сибири на Петровском Заводе, М., 1985

External links[edit]