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Petrus Houttuyn (18 June 1648, Amsterdam – 10 January 1709, Leiden), often cited as Peter Hotton, was a Dutch botanist and medical professor of medicine and botany at Leiden University. As professor of botany, he was ex officio supervisor of the university’s botanic garden and was given an official residence and an allowance for foreign correspondence and the exchange of seeds and plants.
He studied medicine in Leiden, obtaining his doctor's degree in 1672. In 1695 he succeeded Paul Hermann as professor of botany at the University of Leiden. Houttuyn was a member of the Leopoldina and of the Royal Society of London. He was succeeded by Herman Boerhaave.
- "Positiones quaedam medicae", 1672.
- "Sermo academicus quo rei herbariae historia et fata adumbrantur", 1695.
- "Brief van Petrus Hotton (1648-1709)", 1704.
- "Bibliotheca Hottoniana: sive Catalogus Librorum", 1709.
- Horn, W. & Kahle, I. & Friese, G. & Gaedike, R. (1990)Collectiones entomologicae. Eine Kompendium über den Verbleib entomologischer Sammlungen der Welt bis 1960. Berlin: Akadademie der Landwirtschaftswissenschaften der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik.
- Dictionnaire des sciences médicales. Biographie médicale. Bd. 5 Paris, 1822.
- The Botany of the Commelins by D.O. Wijnands
- An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown
- WorldCat Identites Most widely held works by Petrus Hotton
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