Peugeot 301 (1932–36)

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For the new Peugeot 301, see Peugeot 301 (2012).
Peugeot 301
Peugeot 301 other view.jpg
Peugeot 301 saloon
Overview
Manufacturer Peugeot SA
Production 1932 - 1936
70,497 produced
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
various cabriolets and coupés
van
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 1465 cc straight-4
Dimensions
Length 4,000 mm (157.5 in) - 4,800 mm (189.0 in) (approx)
Width 1,440 mm (56.7 in) - 1,600 mm (63.0 in)
Height 1,480 mm (58.3 in) - 2,450 mm (96.5 in)
Chronology
Predecessor Peugeot 177
Successor Peugeot 302
Peugeot 301 saloon

The Peugeot 301 is a mid-size four-cylinder-engined automobile produced by Peugeot between 1932 and 1936.

It is also the name of a new car introduced in 2012.

The original 301 can be seen as a belated replacement for the Peugeot 177, although the 177 had not been offered for sale since 1928: the 301 can therefore also be seen as a return by Peugeot to a market segment which it had in recent years left to other auto-producers. The much more modern looking Peugeot 302, introduced in 1936, replaced the 301.

The body[edit]

The 301C saloon produced in 1932 and 1933 featured a six-light (three windows on each side) four-door boxy body, with space at the back for a separate luggage box / trunk. Slightly longer-boded versions without the separate luggage box were also available. The 301 CR introduced to the Sochaux lines after the summer break of 1933 was less boxy, and the word "aérodynamique" featured prominently in Peugeot's publicity for the restyled car.[1] A yet bolder change to the look of the saloon came with the introduction in 1934 of the 301D. This was no longer a six-light saloon, and now featured a longer sloping tail which cautiously adumbrated the streamlining of the Peugeot 402 and 302 which would appear appeared during the next two years.

A variety of four-door bodied 301s constructed on the same 2,720 mm (107.1 in) chassis were produced, although a longer 2,940 mm (115.7 in) wheelbase was also available for use, among other applications, as a taxi with a middle set of seats that could be folded away ("strapontins"). There were in addition various two-door versions which could be bodied as coupés or cabriolets.

Also offered was the 301T, a commodious-looking commercial version with a tall boxy van body replacing the usual passenger cabin section directly behind the B pillar.

The engine[edit]

Because of the way the shapes of the Peugeot 301 changed during its model life, it may be tempting to see it as a series of different models. However, the name ‘301’ remained constant, as did the configuration of the engine, which was a four-cylinder water-cooled unit of 1465 cc. A maximum output of 35 bhp (26 kW) at 4000 rpm was stated for the 301D, with passenger car maximum speeds of between 80 km/h (50 mph) and 100 km/h (62 mph) according to body type. For the much taller 301 van the maximum did not exceed 70 km/h (44 mph). An electric starter motor was included, although, as was normal at the time, provision for manual cranking remained.

Technical[edit]

The 301 was based on the underpinnings of the commercially more successful Peugeot 201, originally introduced in 1929. The rear wheels were driven via a three-speed manual transmission. There was no synchromesh.

The drum brakes were cable operated. The lights, controlled from a knob in the middle of the steering column, operated on a twelve-volt electrical system.

Innovative suspension[edit]

The 301 was fitted with independent front suspension: it was one of the first volume produced cars to be thus equipped from launch, and benefited from exceptionally good road holding as well as greatly reduced vibration from the steering column by the standards of the time. Leaf springs at the rear were in line with contemporary practice.

Commercial[edit]

The 301 competed in the 8 hp (6.0 kW) class in terms of fiscal horsepower, and in this context sales of approximately 70,000 during a four year model run were more than respectable.

Sources and further reading[edit]

  1. ^ "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1934 (salon 1933) (Paris: Histoire & collections). Nr. 22: pages 54 & 56. 2002. 
  • This article incorporates text translated from the corresponding French Wikipedia article as of 2008-03-16 .
This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2008-03-16 of the equivalent article on the Italian Wikipedia.