Peugeot 404

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Peugeot 404
Peu404vitfr.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Peugeot SA
Production 1960–1975 (Europe)[1]
until 1991 (Kenya)
1962-1980 (Argentina)
Australia[2]
Assembly Sochaux, France (Sochaux Plant)
El Palomar, Argentina
Los Andes, Chile
Designer Pininfarina
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door coupé
2-door convertible
2-door coupé utility (pickup)
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 1.5 L I4
1.6 L I4
1.9 L diesel I4
Transmission 4-speed manual
3-speed ZF automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,650 mm (104.3 in)
Length 4,442 mm (174.9 in) (saloon)
4,580 mm (180.3 in) (estate)
4,492 mm (176.9 in) (coupé & cabriolet)
Width 1,612 mm (63.5 in)
1,680 mm (66.1 in) (coupé & cabriolet)
Height 1,450 mm (57.1 in) (saloon)
1,490 mm (58.7 in) (estate)
1,300 mm (51.2 in) (coupé & cabriolet)
Curb weight 1,060–1,250 kg (2,337–2,756 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Peugeot 403
Successor Peugeot 504

The Peugeot 404 is a large family car produced by French automobile manufacturer Peugeot from 1960 to 1975. A truck body style variant was marketed until 1988. The 404 was manufactured under licence in various African countries until 1991 (in Kenya) and was manufactured in Argentina by Safrar/Sevel in El Palomar, in Québec, Canada at the St-Bruno-de-Montarville SOMA Ltd. plant and in Chile by Automotores Franco Chilena S.A. in Los Andes.[3]

Styled by Pininfarina, the 404 was offered initially as a saloon, estate, and pickup. A convertible was added in 1962, and a coupé in 1963. The 404 was fitted with a 1.6 L petrol engine, with either a Solex carburetor or Kugelfischer mechanical fuel injection or a 1.9 L diesel engine available as options. Introduced at the Paris Motor Show as an option was the inclusion of a 3-speed ZF automatic transmission, similar to the unit already offered on certain BMW models,[4] as an alternative to the standard column-mounted manual unit.

Popular as a taxicab, the 404 enjoyed a reputation for durability and value. Peugeot's French production run of 1,847,568 404s ended in 1975. A total of 2,885,374 units had been produced worldwide at the end of production.

Production history[edit]

Year 1960[edit]

Saloon introduced with 72 hp petrol engine and column-shift 4 speed gearbox with gate "reversed" (1st down, up for 2nd and towards the wheel for 3rd down and 4th up) – identical to the 203 and 403 (except that 4th gear is direct drive). Grand Touring model has square air vents on the dashboard and body-coloured wheels.[5]

Year 1961[edit]

Introduction of Super Luxe model: Superstructure painted silver, chrome headlight rims, large diameter hubcaps, tan leather interior trim, front armrest.[5] Grand Touring model has body colour wheels replaced with metallic silver ones.[6]

Year 1962[edit]

Peugeot 404 familiale (1968 model shown)

New suspension with increased travel and flexibility.[6] Dashboard is modified and square air vents are replaced by circular directional vents. New reinforced drum brake linings. Anti-reflective paint used for the dashboard.[5]

Introduction of Commercial, Break and seven-seat Family estate versions, with tandem coil spring rear suspension in the place of the sedan's single spring arrangement. These versions have a balanced spring system to assist in opening the tailgate, different rear light clusters, rear bumper arrangement and the fuel filler cap is no longer hidden behind the rear number plate, but behind a flap in the rear wing. These variants are also longer (4,590 mm (181 in) vs 4,445 mm (175 in)) and heavier (1,190 kg (2,624 lb) vs 1,100 kg (2,425 lb)) than their saloon equivalents.[6]

Convertible launch[edit]

Peugeot 404 Cabriolet 1963

The Peugeot 404 cabriolet/convertible made its first appearance at the Paris Motor Show in October 1961[7] and the accompanying coupé version was launched six months later.[5] The convertible and coupé bodyshells were made by the Pinin Farina workshops in Turin and only the floorpan and mechanical elements were shared with the saloon. These models were initially powered by the same single carburetter engine as the saloon and the option of a fuel injection engine (XCKF1) with a Kugelfischer injection system was added to the range at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1962.[7] The US$3,899 price in 1965[8] put the convertible in the same price bracket as the Jaguar E-Type in the American market.

Year 1963[edit]

The 404 Super Luxe sedan is available with the 85 hp fuel injection engine and has door cappings trimmed with leather. The 404 Grand Touring sedan adopts painted side window trims instead of chrome. The steering wheel and horn ring change.[5] The Family estate gains a split middle row of seats to improve access to the rear row.[6] The 404 Coupé is introduced with the same body as the Cabriolet but with a fixed roof.[5]

Peugeot 404 Coupé

Year 1964[edit]

The sedan carburetor engine adopts 5 bearings (XC5), as does the injection (XCKF2). Launch of the 404 diesel with Indenor engine (XD85), which is quickly replaced by the engine XD88, having a more powerful and reliable Bosch pump. Rubber over-riders fitted on the bumper. Bi-colour oval front indicator clusters fitted on coupés and convertibles (a similar design will be used later on sedans and derivatives).[5]

Year 1965[edit]

Peugeot 404 Super Luxe 1965
Peugeot 404 Super Luxe 1965 (showing early style single colour indicators)
Peugeot 404 Super Luxe 1966
Peugeot 404 Super Luxe 1966 (bi-colour indicators)
Comparison of 1965 and 1966 models

XCKF2 injection engine power increased to 96 hp. XC5 carburettor engine power increased to 76 hp. Thermostable Hydrovac brakes servo-assisted by a mechanical vacuum manufactured by Bendix. The Super Luxe, coupé and convertible get eight-hole wheel covers cells instead of six-hole ones. New seat pads for Grand Touring, with cloth quilted to form longitudinal ridges similar to the 404 Super Luxe.[5] All models are given reclining front seats.[6]

Year 1966[edit]

The Grand Touring saloon is available with the XCKF2 injection engine. It was also available with a ZF automatic gearbox. The front indicator light clusters are now orange / white on all models. Two tone door linings (black top and bottom) on all models. Cigarette lighter fitted on Super Luxe only. Brake compensator fitted on petrol models.[5]

Year 1967[edit]

XC6 carburetor engine fitted with increased power of 80 hp. Rear anti roll bar fitted. New dashboard with three round dials, steering wheel is no longer adjustable. The spare wheel is relocated from inside the boot to under rear of the car. The rear valance is amended (Saloon only) and the capacity of the petrol tank is increased from 50 to 55 liters (saloon). Cigarette lighter fitted on all models, Super Luxe has automatic light on lockable glovebox. The front of coupés and convertibles is redesigned, incorporating a new grille with integral driving lamps and rectangular indicator clusters. The convertible hood now has a "Panoramic" rear window and the seat mechanism is improved for better accessibility.[5]

Year 1968[edit]

1968 Cabriolet showing later style grille and indicator clusters

A 404 (8hp) Comfort model is added to the range, having an identical 1,468 cc engine displacement to the old 403 (although the engine is not from the 403, but derived from the larger XC6 unit). It is an economy model, fitting into a lower French puissance fiscale (road tax) class than the 9 CV version. It has the former dashboard and bumpers without over riders. This is also the first model to benefit from front disc brakes. 8 hp cars are not imported into the UK, but some RHD models are produced for other markets.[9]

Reversing lamps are fitted to Super Luxe. New gearbox with European grid (BA7) fitted on all models in place of "C3" box. New steering wheel, dashboard modified.[5]

Year 1969[edit]

Peugeot launches the 504. 404 Injection no longer offered, new door interior panels introduced. Front disc brakes fitted on all petrol models.[5]

Year 1970–1972[edit]

In 1970, the 404 Super Luxe and 404 (8 CV) Comfort are discontinued, leaving the Grand Touring, Break and Family models to continue in petrol and diesel forms. The Grand Touring receives chrome headlight rims and reversing lights as standard. Wing-mounted indicator repeaters are no longer fitted. New XC7 engine fitted (de-tuned to 73 hp), but with torque equivalent to XC6.

New front indicator clusters from 1971. Two-speed windscreen wipers introduced on the sedan 1972, with an optional rear screen demister.[5]

Year 1973–1975[edit]

Water temperature gauge is replaced by warning lamp on dashboard, grille shield is replaced by lion. The optional automatic transmission (which is now 6 positions: PRN 3 2 1) is available until the end of 1974. In May 1975, production of European passenger models ceased.[5] By this time Peugeot customers in Europe strongly favoured the newer 304 and 504 models, and French 404 production was much reduced, with only 15,780 - all berlines/saloons/sedans produced during the first five months of 1975.[10]

Technical specifications[edit]

  • 8 CV petrol: 1,468 cc (60 PS (44 kW; 59 bhp)) (discontinued 1969/70)[1]
  • 9 CV petrol: 1,618 cc for carbureted models (72 PS (53 kW; 71 bhp)) or KF, KF1 injection (85 PS (63 kW; 84 bhp) at 5,500 rpm), fuel economy: 10.8 litres/100 km (26 mpg)
  • 9 CV petrol: 1,618 cc KF2 injection (96 PS (71 kW; 95 bhp) at 5,700 rpm).
  • 8 CV Diesel: 1,948 cc (64 PS (47 kW; 63 bhp)).
  • Transmission: clutch disc or semi-automatic (Jaeger electromagnetic coupler) or ZF automatic.
  • Suspension: Coil springs with hydraulic shock absorbers front and solid axle with Panhard rod at rear.
  • Maximum speed: 167 km/h (104 mph) (fuel injected KF2 404 Cabriolet and Coupé)

Foreign Assembly[edit]

Three Peugeot 404 pickups in Tunisia, still in use in 2011

The 404 was assembled in a number of countries besides France. It was manufactured by Safrar in Argentina (later Sevel), and assembly took place in Australia (by the local Renault subsidiary), Belgium, Canada (at the SOMA plant shared with Renault), Chile, Ireland, Kenya, Madagascar, Malaysia, New Zealand, Nigeria, Portugal, Perú (by Braillard[11]), Rhodesia, South Africa and Uruguay.[3] The 404, especially in pickup form, is still a common sight in North and West Africa. The Argentinian-built 404 was available with both the 1.6 petrol and the diesel engine, in Standard or Luxe equipment levels. The Luxe featured sporty alloy wheels and a special grill with integrated extra lamps.[12]

Surviving Coupés and Cabriolets[edit]

Le Club 404 (France) is conducting a worldwide inventory of remaining 404 Coupé and Cabriolet cars. 17,223 were built - both variants included - and as of November 30, 2014, 1914 of these have been identified, being just over 11% of the total made. The URL for adding any model of Peugeot 404 to the Club's 404 Registry is listed below under "external links".

Road tests and press reviews[edit]

404 coupé injection[edit]

The 404 coupé with the desirable "KF2" fuel injected engine was tested by Motor magazine on December 4, 1965. The title of the article is "A First Class Job" and the rest of the article follows suit in praising the model, highlighting the car's remarkable performance and beauty. Even with 415 lb (188 kg) of driver and test equipment on board, the car posted a 0-60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration time of 12.2 seconds, 18.8 seconds in the standing start 1/4 mile and a top speed of 105.2 mph (169.3 km/h). Fuel economy (over a shorter test distance than usual) was 23.8 miles per imperial gallon (11.9 L/100 km; 19.8 mpg-US), which the author suggests would have improved had the usual test distance been completed. The punitive British taxes of the 1960s made this a very expensive car indeed, equivalent in cost to a Jaguar Mark X. Overall the conclusions of the review were that it was an excellent car.[13]

404 saloon[edit]

Autocar Magazine tested the 96 HP fuel injected KF2 version of the 404 saloon/sedan in the spring of 1965. The testers summarized the car as follows: "100 MPH maximum and high cruising speeds; very well developed fuel injection giving easy starting and moderate fuel consumption; powerful fade-free drum brakes; accurate steering and good compromise suspension; comfortable seating with leather trim; sun-roof a standard fitting; priced rather high in the U.K." Mean maximum speed was measured at 100 MPH (161 km/h) with a best leg of 101 MPH (163 km/h); the standing start 1/4 mile was measured at 18.8 seconds. Overall fuel consumption was 25.1 MPG (Imperial).[14]

Canada Track & Traffic Magazine also tested the Peugeot 404 with Fuel Injection in their May 1965 issue. The testers measured a 0-60 MPH time of 12.1 seconds, with a top speed of 98 MPH (157 km/h). A good cruising speed is 85 MPH, according to the article. A nice quote is: "It is difficult to single out any one aspect of the Peugeot as being outstanding, for in truth the whole car is outstanding." The writer concludes with: "To summarize, we can only say that the Peugeot 404 is a car that we find almost impossible to criticize, from any standpoint. It is a car that ideally combines comfort, quality and economy. In short, it is the kind of car one can buy with absolute confidence and drive and drive and drive, for longevity comes with quality in the case of Peugeot."

The 404 saloon was tested by Motor magazine in 1968. The styling was criticised as square cut, perpendicular and appearing rather dated, while the interior was considered "austere" compared to British cars of the time (the article includes a performance comparison with the Triumph 2000, Ford Corsair 2000E and Humber Sceptre). However, great praise is given for build quality, with the article stating that the car is suitable for African safaris and Arctic gales alike.[15]

404 Familiale[edit]

The 404 was tested (in Family estate form) by Motor magazine in 1965. The car's quirks (the unusual original column-shift gearbox gate and awkward body roll at low speed) are listed. Build quality was praised and the interior described as "quietly tasteful", although the authors felt that the appeal of the car was limited.[16]

The car was tested again by Motor magazine five years later. The article is critical of the car's styling, calling it "square cut" and "hardly avant garde", but then relents and opts for "mature rather than dated" as its final comment. The ride is reported to improve as loading and speed increase. Of some concern to the testers was the driver's difficulty in reaching the handbrake when wearing a fixed seat-belt – inertia reel type belts would not have this problem. Alternative cars were listed as the Citroen Safari and Volvo 145. The car is described as having been used by one reader to transport the driver and 12 children.[17]

An article in The Times newspaper on French-made cars includes a comparison of the outgoing 404 with the 504. The performance of both cars (given their engine size) is praised.[18]

404 Diesel[edit]

During the 1960s Peugeot, along with Mercedes-Benz, were pioneering large scale production of diesel engined passenger cars. The British "Autocar" magazine tested a Peugeot 404 Diesel in November 1965. The car had a top speed of 81 mph (130 km/h) and accelerated from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 25.5 seconds. An "overall" fuel consumption of 32.2 miles per imperial gallon (8.8 L/100 km; 26.8 mpg-US) was recorded. This compared with a top speed of 88 mph (142 km/h), a 0-60 mph (97 km/h) time of 20 seconds and an overall fuel consumption of 32.2 miles per imperial gallon (8.8 L/100 km; 26.8 mpg-US) for the petrol version of the car which had recently been tested by the same journal and which (albeit without the diesel car's rev limiter) had exactly the same gear ratios. In terms of performance the Peugeot comfortably outperformed the diesel Austin Cambridge and the Mercedes Benz 190D also included in the comparison. The slower Austin nonetheless won on fuel economy. In terms of price, the 404 diesel was offered in the UK at £1,396 as against £1,093 for its petrol fuelled sibling. The manufacturer's recommended price for the Austin was just £875. The slower heavier Mercedes was not really pitched at the same market segment, being priced in the UK at £2,050. The testers described the Peugeot 404 Diesel as 'the fastest diesel yet'. They reported the characteristic diesel rattle when idling and the 'roar at high revs', but found the performance 'very reasonable'. They commended the sure-footed road holding, good steering, powerful fade-free brakes, the comfortable seats, the very good fuel economy and the prospect for a 'long attention-free life'.[14]

The 404 Diesel was tested again (in Family estate form) by Autocar magazine six years later. Top speed was improved on the previous test, 82 mph (132 km/h), but acceleration to 60 mph was poorer at 26.8 seconds. Notable features in the report were that the test car had broken two speedometer cables during testing. They mention its size twice: "wonderfully roomy" and "a big car for big men". The cars "oddities" are listed as the reverse-acting gearbox gate, window-sill door locks and windscreen wiper controls.[19]

Racing[edit]

Peugeot 404s won the Safari Rally in 1963, 1966, 1967 and 1968, the latter three in Kugelfischer fuel-injected variants. In 2014, a 1963 Peugeot 404 was entered in a 24 Hours of LeMons race at Thunderhill Raceway Park, ran reliably through the 2-day event, and won the events top award, the Index of Effluency.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Changes during building period". 404.tin.at. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  2. ^ Pedr Davis, The Macquarie Dictionary of Motoring, 1986, page 362
  3. ^ a b World Cars 1972. Bronxville, NY: L'Editrice dell'Automobile LEA/Herald Books. 1972. p. 402. ISBN 0-910714-04-5. 
  4. ^ "Behind the glitter of Paris: Show Report". Car Magazine: pages 27–30. December 1965. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "404 Production (in French)". www.leclub404.com. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "évolution de 404 1960–67(in French)". 404peugeot.free.fr. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  7. ^ a b "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1962 (salon Paris oct 1961) (Paris: Histoire & collections). Nr. 19: Page 42. 2001. 
  8. ^ http://www.nadaguides.com
  9. ^ Tom Wright, developer@tomwright.me.uk. "Club Peugeot UK – 404 page". Clubpeugeotuk.org. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  10. ^ "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1975 (salon Paris Oct 1974) (Paris: Histoire & collections). Nr. Spécial 72: Page 39. 2005. 
  11. ^ http://www.swisschamperu.org/pictures/newsletter/2011/Newsletter%2010_2011%20PDF.pdf
  12. ^ Costa, André & Georges-Michel Fraichard, ed. (September 1980). "Salon 1980: Toutes les Voitures du Monde". l'Auto Journal (in French) (Paris: Homme N°1) (14 & 15): 225. M1117. 
  13. ^ "A First Class Job". The Motor. 4 December 1965. 
  14. ^ a b "Peugeot 404 KF2 Super Luxe 1618 c.c Autocar Road Test Number 2024". The Autocar: 803–808. 23 April 1965. 
  15. ^ "Gum-booted refinement Motor Test 10/68". The Motor. 9 March 1968. 
  16. ^ "Peugeot Family Estate Motor Test 19/65". The Motor. 8 May 1965. 
  17. ^ "Car comfort, minibus load Motor Test 26/70". The Motor. 27 June 1970. 
  18. ^ "Built to do the donkey work". The Times: Supplement, page III. 13 March 1973. 
  19. ^ "Brief Test Peugeot 404 Family Estate (diesel)". Autocar: 16–17. 8 July 1971. 

External links[edit]