Peugeot 505

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Peugeot 505
Peugeot 505 GR front side, Denpasar.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Peugeot
Also called Guangzhou-Peugeot GP 7202
Production 1979–1992 (Europe)
1981–1995 (Argentina)
1985–1997 (China)
1981–1987 (Indonesia)
1981–1991 (Taiwan)
Assembly Sochaux, France
Guangzhou, China
Vigo, Spain
Los Andes, Chile
Villa Bosch, Argentina
Cairo, Egypt (AAV)[1]
Melbourne, Australia (Renault Australia)
Enfield, Australia (Leyland)[2]
Jakarta, Indonesia (Gaya Motor)
Bangkok, Thailand (Yontrakit Group)
Changhua, Taiwan
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine Petrol engines:
1,796 cc XM7A I4
1,971 cc XN1/XN6 I4
1,995 cc ZEJ "Douvrin" I4
2,155 cc N9T "Simca 180" turbo I4
2,165 cc ZDJ "Douvrin" I4
2,849 cc ZN3J "PRV" V6
Diesel engines:
2,304 cc XD2 I4 (NA/turbo)
2,498 cc XD3 I4 (NA/turbo)
Transmission 3-speed automatic ZF 3HP22
4-speed automatic ZF 4HP22
4-speed manual BA 7/4
5-speed manual BA 7/5
5-speed manual BA 10/5
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,743 mm (108 in) (sedan)
2,900 mm (114 in) (wagon)
Length 4,579 mm (180 in) (sedan)
4,898 mm (193 in) (wagon)
Width 1,737 mm (68 in) (sedan)
1,730 mm (68 in) (wagon)
Height 1,424 to 1,446 mm (56 to 57 in) (sedan)
1,540 mm (61 in) (wagon)
Curb weight 1,210 to 1,410 kg (2,668 to 3,109 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Peugeot 504
Successor Peugeot 405
Peugeot 605
1979 Peugeot 505 2.0 GR Berline front (The Netherlands)
1979 Peugeot 505 2.0 GR Berline rear(The Netherlands)
An early 1980 Peugeot 505, photographed in 1981
1985 Peugeot 505 GTi sedan (Australia)
1988 Peugeot 505 STX V6, showing different placement of gas tank lid and antenna, as well as North America-specific taillights and exhaust on the left
1991 Peugeot 505 Turbo wagon (US-version)

The Peugeot 505 is a large family car produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot from 1979 to 1992 in Sochaux, France. The 505 was Peugeot's last rear-wheel drive car.[3] It was also manufactured outside France, for example in Argentina by Sevel from 1981 to 1995, China, Indonesia and Nigeria.

According to the manufacturer 1,351,254 Peugeot 505s were produced between 1978 and 1999: of these 1,116,868 were saloons/sedans.[4]

History[edit]

Officially unveiled on 16 May 1979,[5] the 505 was the replacement for the 504 with which it shared many of its underpinnings.[6] It was originally available as a sedan/saloon, a station wagon/estate, including an eight-passenger Familiale version, were introduced at the 1982 Geneva Motor Show.[7] The styling, a collaboration between Pininfarina and Peugeot's internal styling department, is very similar to that of its smaller brother the 305.[6] It is known as the "Work Horse" of Africa today.

The 505 was praised by contemporary journalists for its ride and handling, especially on rough and unmade roads; perhaps one reason for its popularity in less developed countries. "Remember that the 505´s predecessor, the 504, had an outstanding ride. It took a British-market model on a hard charging drive across the green lanes of the Chilterns. The impacts were well suppressed and the car veritably floated over the undulations and potholes. I concluded that the 505 is as good as the 504 (but no better)."[8] The 505 also had good ground clearance; if it wasn't enough though, Dangel offered a taller four-wheel drive version of the 505 estate equipped with either the intercooled turbodiesel 110 hp (81 kW) engine or the 130 hp 2.2 L petrol (96 kW) engine. The four-wheel drive 505 also had shorter gear ratios.

The interior styling was viewed positively in contemporary reviews: "Having settled into the 505's neat cockpit one notices how handsomely styled it all would appear to be. The tweed seats and brown trim look smart and less confrontational than offerings from a certain other French marque."[9] But the ergonomics were criticised too: "The ashtray was competitively sized but is placed directly behind the gear stick. For British market cars, this will be a constant nuisance while our continental cousins will consider the placement quite logical and natural."[10]

The range was given a facelift, including an all new interior, in 1986, but European Peugeot 505 production began to wind down following the launch of the smaller Peugeot 405 at the end of 1987. Saloon production came to a halt in 1989, coincidentally with the launch of Peugeot's flagship 605, and estates in 1992. There was already a 405 estate by this stage, but the 605 was never sold as an estate. In some countries such as France and Germany, the 505 estate was used as an ambulance, a funeral car, police car, military vehicle and as a road maintenance vehicle. There were prototypes of 505 coupés and 505 trucks, and in France many people have modified 505s into pickup trucks themselves.

The 505 was one of the last Peugeot models to be sold in the United States, with sedan sales ending there in 1990 and wagon sales in 1991. The last sedans sold had PRV's 2.8 V6 engine only. Unique to the US were turbocharged station wagons, both with petrol and diesel engines. 505s were also sold in Australia (where they were assembled by Renault Australia from 1980 to 1981,[11] and by Leyland Australia from 1981 to 1983[2]), Argentina, Chile, China, and New Zealand. In New York City, Peugeot 505s were used as taxicabs.

The car was summed up as follows by motoring writer Archie Vicar: "The 505 is a saloon with quite a pleasant appearance, quite efficient engines, quite comfortable seating, quite nice steering and a quite reasonable price. And it is quite well constructed. So, you might say it was merely average. But can it really be that simple? Have Peugeot in fact, played a very clever game where, instead of dazzling us with technology or breathtaking styling, they have decided to woo us with understatement of the profoundest kind?"[12]

In Thailand, the Peugeot 505 was quite popular. They were available as a CKD version assembled in Bangkok, due to the restrictions on importing completely built-up cars.

Mechanical characteristics[edit]

The 505 had rear-wheel drive and the engine at the front, mounted longitudinally. The suspension system included MacPherson struts and coil springs at front and semi-trailing arms with coil springs at rear, with a body-mounted rear differential and four constant-velocity joints. Station wagons (and most sedans built in Argentina) had instead a live-axle rear suspension, with Panhard rod and coil springs. Stabilizer bars were universal at front but model-dependent at rear. The car used disc brakes at the front, and either disc or drum brakes at the rear, depending on the model. The steering was a rack and pinion system, which was power assisted on most models.

Break/Familiale[edit]

Introduced in the spring of 1982, the Break (Estate) and Familiale versions were quite different from saloons. The wheelbase was also longer, to help make it one of the most spacious in the market, at 2,900 mm (114 in). This was, not coincidentally, the same exact wheelbase as had been used on both the 404 and 504 estate derivatives.[7]

The Familiale (family estate), with its third row of bench seats (giving a total of eight forward-facing seats), was popular with larger families and as a taxi. The two rows of rear seats could be folded to give a completely flat load area, with 1.94 cubic metres of load capacity. The total load carrying capacity is 590 kg (1,301 lb). When released, it was hailed as a luxury touring wagon. The Familiale was marketed as the "SW8" in the United States, for "station wagon, eight seats."

Engines[edit]

A range of diesel and petrol engines were offered.[13] The first diesels (XD2) arrived in July 1979, two months after the petrol versions.[6]

Gasoline[edit]

The petrol engines had either four or six cylinders:

Displacement (cc) Model Cylinder number Camshaft Fuel system Power Torque Compression ratio Notes
1796 XM7/XM7A l4 OHV Manual starter carburetor 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) 8.8:1
1971 XN1 l4 OHV Automatic starter carburetor 96 PS (71 kW; 95 hp) at 5200 rpm then 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) at 5000 rpm 16.4 kg·m (161 N·m; 119 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 8.8:1
1971 XN1A l4 OHV Automatic starter carburetor 108 PS (79 kW; 107 hp) at 5250 rpm 17.5 kg·m (172 N·m; 127 lb·ft) at 2750 rpm 8.8:1
1971 XN6 l4 OHV Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection USA (catalytic converter): 97 hp (72 kW) (97 hp (72 kW; 98 PS)) at 5000 rpm
Argentina (non catalytic converter): 113 CV (83 kW; 111 hp) at 5000 rpm
USA (Catalytic converter): 115.7 lb·ft (157 N·m; 16 kg·m) at 3500 rpm
Argentina (non catalytic converter): 17.2 kg·m (169 N·m; 124 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm
8.8:1 Reserved for the North American market. Also for the Argentine market in the SR Injection version.[14]
1995 ZEJK 829B l4 OHC Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection 110 CV (81 kW; 108 hp) at 5250 rpm 17.4 kg·m (171 N·m; 126 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm 9.2:1 Co-developed by Peugeot and Renault, is also known as the “Douvrin Engine”.
2165 ZDJK l4 OHC Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection 9.2:1 This was a longer stroke version of the “ZEJK” engine.
2165 ZDJL 851B l4 OHC Bosch LE2-Jetronic fuel injection 130 CV (96 kW; 128 hp) at 5750 rpm 19.2 kg·m (188 N·m; 139 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm 9.8:1 Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h: 10 seconds.
2165 ZDJL 851X l4 OHC Bosch LU2-Jetronic fuel injection with catalytic converter 117 CV (86 kW; 115 hp) at 5750 rpm 19.2 kg·m (188 N·m; 139 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm 8.8:1 Top speed: 192 km/h.
2155 N9T l4 OHC Garrett Turbocharger, Bosch L-Jetronic 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) at 5200 rpm 24 kg·m (235 N·m; 174 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 7.5:1 Also known as the “Simca Type 180” engine. Top speed: 200 km/h. Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h: 8.8 seconds.
2155 N9TE l4 OHC Intercooler, Garrett turbocharger, Bosch L-Jetronic 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp) at 5200 rpm 25 kg·m (245 N·m; 181 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 8:1 Top speed: 205 km/h (127 mph).[15]
2155 N9TEA l4 OHC Intercooler, turbocharger, Bosch L-Jetronic 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) at 5200 rpm 28 kg·m (275 N·m; 203 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 8:1 This motor was equipped with an electronic boost controller. Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h: 8.4 seconds.
2849 ZN3J 154F V6 OHC Bosch LH-Jetronic fuel injection 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) at 5600 rpm 24 kg·m (235 N·m; 174 lb·ft) @ 4250 rpm 10:1 Is a version of the “PRV engine”. Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h: 9.2 seconds. Top speed: 205 km/h.[16]
2849 ZN3J 154X V6 OHC Bosch LH-Jetronic fuel injection with catalytic converter 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) at 5600 rpm 24 kg·m (235 N·m; 174 lb·ft) @ 4250 rpm 9.5:1

Diesel[edit]

The diesel engines were all four-cylinder:

Displacement (cc) Model Cylinder number Camshaft Fuel system Power Torque Compression ratio Notes
2304 XD2 l4 OHV 70 CV (51 kW; 69 hp) @ 4500 rpm 13.4 kg·m (131 N·m; 97 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 22.2:1 From the Peugeot 504, was used on early models, and was supplied by Peugeot to Ford for their Sierra and Granada models.
2304 XD2C l4 OHV (70 hp (49 kW))
2304 XD2S l4 OHV Garret turbocharger 80 CV (59 kW; 79 hp) @ 4150 rpm 18.8 kg·m (184 N·m; 136 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 21:1
2498 XD3 l4 OHV 76 CV (56 kW; 75 hp) @ 4500 rpm 15.3 kg·m (150 N·m; 111 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 23:1
2498 XD3T l4 OHV Garret turbocharger 95 CV (70 kW; 94 hp) @ 4150 rpm 21 kg·m (206 N·m; 152 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 21:1 It was used on 1985 (both XD2S and XD3T were available in the US in the 1985 and 1986 model years, with the smaller engine being fitted to station wagons) and newer models. Diesel engines were no longer available in the US after 1987.[17] It was supplied by Peugeot to Ford for their Scorpio model.
2498 XD3TE l4 OHV Intercooler, turbocharger 110 CV (81 kW; 108 hp)

Trim levels[edit]

Prototype Peugeot 505 Cabriolet
Prototype Peugeot 505 Coupé

505 models varied very much in equipment. Base SRD cars with the 2,304 cc diesel engine didn't even have power steering, but the GTD Turbo, the GTI, the V6, and the TI all had power steering, central locking doors, air conditioning, a five-speed manual transmission, moonroof (except the GTD Turbo), and front fog lights. In the V6, the power steering was speed-sensitive, the central locking doors came with an infrared remote, and the heating and ventilation systems included electronic climate control. A three-speed automatic transmission was available on early 505s, which was later replaced by a four-speed unit. The most durable 505 model proved to be the GTD with a five-speed manual transmission. In Australia, the 505 was sold as a GR, SR, STi, or GTi sedan, or an SR or GTi eight-seater station wagon, all with petrol engines. Very few GRD and SRD diesel-engined 505s were sold in Australia. The Series II update saw the SR replaced with an SLi.

The United States and Canada had their own 505 body. Notable differences were: gas tank moved inwards (now behind rear bench), with filling neck on rightside, different style quad headlamps, taillights (pre-1986 sedans), distinctive whip antenna moved from roof to rear fender (and changed to telescopic), larger bumpers, tailpipe moved from right to left. Fewer engines were offered, all detuned to meet more restrictive emission standards. The models sold in North America were: Base, "GL", "S", "GLS", "STI", "DL", "Liberté", "STX", "Turbo", "GLX", "SW8", "V6", "Turbo S".

All North-American bound 505's were built in Peugeot's Sochaux Plant, in France. The Turbo estate version was unique to the North American markets.

Notes[edit]

  • Flammang, James M. (1994). Standard Catalog of Imported Cars, 1946-1990. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-87341-158-7. 
  1. ^ "Arab American Vehicles Co". Aav.com.eg. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  2. ^ a b Sykes, Barry (2003-01-25). "Leyland". National Magazine. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  3. ^ Allain, François (1996). Guide Peugeot: Tous le modèles de 1970 à 1990 (in French). E/P/A. p. 60. ISBN 2-85120-493-9. 
  4. ^ Musée de l'Aventure Peugeot. The exhibit label (2012) states: «Le 505 fut produit de 1978 a 1999 en 1,351,254 exemplaires, dont 1,116,868 berlines.»
  5. ^ "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1979 (salon [Paris, Oct] 1978) (Paris: Histoire & collections). Nr. 84s: page 41. 2006. 
  6. ^ a b c Costa, André & Georges-Michel Fraichard, ed. (September 1979). Salon 1979: Toutes les Voitures du Monde (in French) (Paris: l'Auto Journal) (14 & 15): 106. 
  7. ^ a b Wyler, Martin (March 3, 1982). Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. "Am Wendepunkt/Tournant" [Turning point]. Automobil Revue '82 (in German/French) (Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag, AG) 77: 57. ISBN 3-444-06062-9. 
  8. ^ Drivers & Motorists Review, Feb 1979
  9. ^ Drivers & Motorists Monthly" (February 1979)
  10. ^ "The Monthly Car Review" (February 1979).
  11. ^ TORQUE 909, September 2009, Vol 50, No. 8, page 14, worm.rkweb.org Retrieved on 30 September 2013
  12. ^ "The Monthly Car Review" (February 1979)
  13. ^ Tom Wright, developer@tomwright.me.uk. "Peugeot engine codes". Clubpeugeotuk.org. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  14. ^ "Peugeot 505 SR Injection (Version only for Argentina) Description". 
  15. ^ "Turbo Injection N9TE Technical Description, PDF p. 8". 505Turbo.com. 
  16. ^ "Peugeot 505 V6 brochure, 1987". 
  17. ^ Flammang, pp. 498–499

External links[edit]