Peyton Gordon (April 30, 1870 – September 17, 1946) was a United States federal judge.
Born in Washington, D.C., Gordon received an LL.B. from Columbian University in 1890 and an LL.M. from the same institution in 1891. He was an Assistant U.S. attorney for the District of Columbia from 1891 to 1904. He was a Pardon attorney from 1904 to 1907. He was a Special assistant to the U.S. attorney general from 1907 to 1913. He was in private practice in Washington, D.C. from 1914 to 1917. He was in the United States Army, JAG Corps from 1917 to 1918. He returned to private practice in Washington, D.C. until 1921. He was the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia from 1921 to 1928.
On February 27, 1928, Gordon was nominated by President Calvin Coolidge to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Columbia vacated by Adolph A. Hoehling. Gordon was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 29, 1928, and received his commission the same day. He assumed senior status on February 4, 1941, serving in that capacity until his death, in Washington, D.C.