Pfäffikon, Zurich

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For part of the municipality of Freienbach, see Pfäffikon, Schwyz.
For other uses, see Pfäffikon (disambiguation).
Pfäffikon
Pfäffikon -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Pfäffikon
Canton Zurich
District Pfäffikon
47°22′N 8°47′E / 47.367°N 8.783°E / 47.367; 8.783Coordinates: 47°22′N 8°47′E / 47.367°N 8.783°E / 47.367; 8.783
Population 11,089 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 568 /km2 (1,470 /sq mi)
Area 19.55 km2 (7.55 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 547 m (1,795 ft)
Postal code 8330
SFOS number 0177
Mayor Hans Heinrich Raths
Localities Auslikon, Ober Balm, Unter Balm, Bussenhausen, Irgenhausen, Oberwil, Sulzberg, Hermatswil, Schür, Wallikon, Rick, Ravensbühl, Faichrüti, Rutschberg
Surrounded by Bäretswil, Bauma, Fehraltorf, Hittnau, Russikon, Seegräben, Uster, Wetzikon, Wildberg
Website www.pfaeffikon.ch
SFSO statistics
Pfäffikon is located in Switzerland
Pfäffikon
Pfäffikon

Pfäffikon is a municipality in the canton of Zurich in Switzerland. It is the seat of the district of the same name. It is not to be confused with Pfäffikon SZ on Lake Zurich but in the canton of Schwyz.

History[edit]

The Roman Irgenhausen Castrum as seen from nearby Auslikon

In Roman era, along Pfäffikersee there was a Roman road from the vicus Centum Prata (Kempraten) on Lake Zürich via Vitudurum (Oberwinterthur) to Tasgetium (Eschenz) to the Rhine. To secure this important transport route, the Irgenhausen Castrum was built. The native name of the fort is unknown, thus Irgenhausen was mentioned in 811 AD as Camputuna sive Irincheshusa. Maybe the castrum's name was Cambodunum, the name of the neighbouring village of Kempten (Wetzikon).

Pfäffikon is first mentioned in 811 as faffinchova. In 965 it was mentioned as haffinchova.[3]

Geography[edit]

Pfäffikon-Irgenhausen

Pfäffikon has an area of 19.5 km2 (7.5 sq mi). Of this area, 43.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 23.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 16.7% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (16.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4] In 1996 housing and buildings made up 11.9% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (4.8%).[5] Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 11.4% of the area. As of 2007 13.6% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.[5]

Pfäffikon is situated on Pfäffikersee in Zürcher Oberland southeasternly of the city of Zurich. Neighbouring municipalities are Bäretswil, Bauma, Fehraltorf, Hittnau, Russikon, Seegräben, Uster, Wetzikon and Wildberg.

The town is divided into four districts (Aussenwachten), namely Auslikon, Irgenhausen and Rutschberg situated on Pfäffikersee, as well as the districts of Ober Balm, Unter Balm, Bussenhausen, Oberwil, Sulzberg, Hermatswil, Schür, Wallikon, Rick, Ravensbühl, and Faichrüti.

Demographics[edit]

Pfäffikon has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 11,089.[1] As of 2007, 17.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 49% male and 51% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 12.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (86.9%), with Italian being second most common ( 4.6%) and Albanian being third ( 2.3%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 37.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (15.4%), the CSP (14.5%) and the Green Party (10.7%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 23.5% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 62% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 14.5%. In Pfäffikon about 73.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 3954 households in Pfäffikon.[5]

Pfäffikon has an unemployment rate of 2.52%. As of 2005, there were 200 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 58 businesses involved in this sector. 1635 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 99 businesses in this sector. 2379 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 352 businesses in this sector.[4] As of 2007 50% of the working population were employed full-time, and 50% were employed part-time.[5]

Protestant church
Pfarrhaus (rectory) and community hall

As of 2008 there were 2549 Catholics and 4771 Protestants in Pfäffikon. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census, 52.5% were some type of Protestant, with 48.6% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 4% belonging to other Protestant churches. 27.3% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 7.5% belonged to another religion (not listed), 2.4% did not give a religion, and 9.5% were atheist or agnostic.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

Year Population
1463 385
1634 786
1799 2,271
1850 2,896
1860 3,066
1900 2,986
1950 4,784
1970 7,586
2000 9,592
2005 9,920

Weather[edit]

Pfäffikon has an average of 139.3 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,162 mm (45.7 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Pfäffikon receives an average of 136 mm (5.4 in) of precipitation. During the wettest month, August, there is precipitation for an average of 12.3 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 13.4, but with only 112 mm (4.4 in) of precipitation.[6]

Transportation[edit]

Pfäffikon ZH railway station is a stop of the S-Bahn Zürich on the line S3.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Canton of Zurich Statistical Office (German) accessed 11 March 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Pfäffikon in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 11-Aug-2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Statistics Zurich (German) accessed 4 August 2009
  6. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 540 meters above sea level.

External links[edit]