New town hall
|Municipal assoc.||Oberes Zabergäu|
|• Mayor||Dieter Böhringer|
|• Total||12.10 km2 (4.67 sq mi)|
|Elevation||206 m (676 ft)|
|• Density||190/km2 (490/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Culture and sights
- 5 Economy and infrastructure
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Pfaffenhofen is situated on the Zaber in the Zabergäu in the southwest of the district of Heilbronn.
Neighbouring towns and municipalities of Pfaffenhofen are (clockwise from the west): Zaberfeld, Eppingen, Güglingen (all of the district of Heilbronn) and Sachsenheim (district of Ludwigsburg). Pfaffenhofen has combined with Güglingen and Zaberfeld to form a joint association of administrations called Oberes Zabergäu.
Apart from the main village of Pfaffenhofen there's the municipal part Weiler an der Zaber. The hamlet Rodbachhof also belongs to Pfaffenhofen. The village Rodenbach which doesn't exist anymore was situated on the communal land of Pfaffenhofen.
Pfaffenhofen was presumably founded in times of the Christianization of Germany. It was first mentioned documentary as Pfaffenhoven on May 30, 1279. Already before 1380 Burkhard von Hohenberg sold the half of the village to Württemberg, in 1380 the other half followed.
Weiler an der Zaber presumably already existed around 1000. It was first mentioned documentary on June 15, 1279. In the 14th century the village came to Württemberg. On January 1, 1972, Weiler an der Zaber was incorporated to Pfaffenhofen.
Pfaffenhofen previously belonged to the Speyer Bishopric. By the introduction of the reformation in Württemberg it got Protestant. The municipality is still shaped Protestant today, so in Pfaffenhofen and Weiler an der Zaber there's a Protestant parish in each village. The Catholic parish Holy Trinity Güglingen is responsible for Pfaffenhofen's Catholic citizens.
Development of population
- 1970: 1853
- 1980: 1914
- 1990: 2161
- 2000: 2342
- 2005: 2349
(each date of January 1)
The district council of Pfaffenhofen has 12 seats, 8 of Pfaffenhofen and 4 of Weiler. By the communal election of June 13, 2004, it has 13 seats due to an overhang seat. The mayor is also a member of the district council and its chairman.
Arms and flag
Blazon: In silver a meat-coloured priest tonsure with black hair. The municipal colours are red and white.
The oldest known seal of Pfaffenhofen proved from 1482 to 1611 shows a human figure behind a fence: a talking arms, a priest (cleric) in a yard. Coloured portrayals of this arms are derived since 1535. A seal of 1678 showed two straightened up lions holding a disc.
At least in the 20th century the tonsure developed into a sun with face by misunderstandings. In 1956 the municipality took a priest tonsure as its arms again by suggestion of the archive directory. The arms was confirmed by the ministry of the interior on November 13, 1956, the flag was given by the district of Heilbronn on January 31, 1980.
Culture and sights
- the Lambertuskirche is a Protestant parish church. It goes back to a Gothic building with chancel tower from about 1300, was expanded multiply and got its most essential change by a rebuilding in 1610/12.
- The accompanying vicarage was built parallel to the church expansion in 1610 by Heinrich Schickhardt. The bricking of the vicarage garden goes back to parts of the village wall of the 15th century, which was pulled down almost completely in 1817.
- Both the fountain on the Kelterplatz and a wall fountain nearby were laid out by the sculptor Gunther Stilling.
- In the main street (Hauptstraße) there are several half-timbered buildings of the 16th and 17th century.
Economy and infrastructure
Bigger local factories are Lang-Verpackungen and Betonwerk Volland GmbH with 70 employees each one.
Connections to the long-distance network exist in Lauffen am Neckar and Kirchheim am Neckar (B 27). Public transport in the PTE H3NV is ensured by buses. Connections to the rail network are also in Lauffen am Neckar und Kirchheim am Neckar (Frankenbahn).
The laid up Zabergäubahn (Lauffen am Neckar–Leonbronn) has stations in Pfaffenhofen and Weiler. The rail route shall be a part of the stadtbahn network Heilbronn until 2011. However, in July 2006 a report appeared making this doubtful.
Abount happenings in Pfaffenhofen the Heilbronner Stimme reports in its south-west edition.
Pfaffenhofen has a primary school at its disposal.
- [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013.
- Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Amtliche Beschreibung nach Kreisen und Gemeinden. Volume IV: Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, Regionalverbände Franken und Ostwürttemberg. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-17-005708-1. p. 84–85
- Heinz Bardua: Die Kreis- und Gemeindewappen im Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart. Theiss, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-8062-0801-8 (Kreis- und Gemeindewappen in Baden-Württemberg, 1). p. 114
Eberhard Gönner: Wappenbuch des Stadt- und des Landkreises Heilbronn mit einer Territorialgeschichte dieses Raumes. Archivdirektion Stuttgart, Stuttgart 1965 (Publications of the national archive direction Baden-Württemberg, 9). p. 131f.
- Thomas Dorn: Die Stadtbahn ins Zabergäu ist derzeit nicht zu bezahlen. In: Heilbronner Stimme of July 11, 2006, p. 30.
- www.pfaffenhofen-wuertt.de (in German)