Pfizer UK

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Pfizer Limited
Type Subsidiary
Industry Pharmaceutical
Founded 1952
Headquarters Tadworth, Surrey, United Kingdom
Products Pharmaceuticals
Parent Pfizer
Website www.pfizer.co.uk

Pfizer UK (officially Pfizer Limited) is the principal subsidiary of the multinational pharmaceutical company Pfizer in the United Kingdom.[1]

Pfizer UK has its business headquarters in Tadworth, Surrey, major offices in Maidenhead, Berkshire, research and development facilities in Cambridge and Sandwich, Kent, and a manufacturing and distribution site in Havant, Hampshire.[2]

History[edit]

1952 to 2000[edit]

To satisfy regulations then in place in the United Kingdom on the importation of medicines, Pfizer established a compounding operation in Folkstone, Kent in the Autumn of 1952.[3] Pfizer acquired an 80 acre site on the outskirts of Sandwich in 1954 to enable the expansion of its Kent-based activities.[3] In 1955 Pfizer established an animal-feed plant at the Sandwich site and entered the UK non-prescription market for the first time.[4] An Agricultural Division was opened at the Sandwich site in 1957 and in 1964 Pfizer acquired additional land adjacent to its existing site in Sandwich, known as the 'West Site'.[4] Pfizer UK established 'Pfizer Central Research' in 1971 with the mission to discover new pharmaceutical, chemical and agricultural products for Pfizer's worldwide operations.[5]

Pfizer UK was presented with the Queen's Award for Technological Achievement in 1979, in recognition of the outstanding contribution made to tropical medicine by the medicine Mansil (oxamniquine), which had been developed at the Sandwich site.[5] Feldene (piroxicam), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug developed jointly by the Sandwich site and Pfizer's R&D facility in Groton, United States, was launched in 1980.[5] In 1984 a third phase of buildings was completed at the Sandwich site.[5] The oral antifungal drug Diflucan (fluconazole), which had been discovered at the Sandwich site, was launched in 1988.[5] In December 1997 Pfizer announced an investment of £109 million in a new research facility at the Sandwich site, creating 1,000 jobs.[6]

2000 to 2010[edit]

In April 2001 Pfizer UK received the Queen's Award for Enterprise for the discovery and development of the erectile dysfunction drug Viagra (sildenafil).[7] In 2002 Pfizer UK relocated its headquarters and sales and marketing functions to new offices at Walton Oaks, near Tadworth, Surrey.[7] In June 2003 Pfizer UK began offering employees at the Sandwich site the option of leaving work at noon on Fridays if their work was completed.[8] In September 2007 it was announced that Pfizer UK would close its manufacturing plant at Sandwich, with the loss of around 400 jobs.[9] Dr Ken Richardson was inducted into the US National Inventors Hall of Fame in May 2008 for his role in the discovery of Diflucan whilst working at Pfizer UK.[10] Construction of an £87 million link road between the Sandwich site and the A299 was approved by the British Government in August 2009.[11]

2010 to present[edit]

On 1 February 2011 Pfizer announced that it would be closing the entire research and development facility at Sandwich within 18–24 months, as part of a company-wide plan to exit certain therapeutic areas including allergy and respiratory research, which was based at Sandwich.[12][13][14] In its announcement Pfizer stated that the majority of the 2,400 workers at the site would be made redundant, although it hoped to transfer several hundred positions to other sites or to Pfizer partner companies.[15] On 4 February 2011 it was announced that the Science and Technology Select Committee would be requesting oral evidence from representatives of Pfizer and the Minister of State for Universities and Science David Willetts on the closure of the Sandwich site.[16]

In April 2011 Pfizer established Neusentis in Cambridge, intended to operate as a biotech-like unit combining research in pain, sensory disorders, and regenerative medicine.[17] Neusentis acquired biopharmaceutical company Icagen in November 2011.[17]

In June 2011 Pfizer renamed the Sandwich site 'Discovery Park' and put it on the market for sale.[18] In the same month Pfizer announced that it would retain 350 jobs at Discovery Park,[19] subsequently increased to 650 in November 2011.[20] In August 2011 it was announced that the Pfizer site at Sandwich would become an enterprise zone with discounted business rates, easier planning rules and access to superfast broadband.[21] Pfizer sold the freehold to the Discovery Park site to Discovery Park Limited, a private consortium, in August 2012.[22] As part of the sale Pfizer agreed to take a lease of around 250,000 sq ft of offices and laboratories at the site.[22]

Operations[edit]

Discovery Park, Sandwich[edit]

Site no longer owned by Pfizer. Leased from Discovery Park Ltd. Around 650 employees are based at Discovery Park in Sandwich.[20] Pfizer operations at Discovery Park are focused on the delivery of the company's mid- to late-stage portfolio.[17] Activities at the site include Pharmaceutical Sciences; Medical Regulatory; Business Units; Quality Assurance; and Business Support Functions (Procurement & Operation, HR, Finance, Patents).[17] There is also a pilot plant production and solid and liquid dose manufacturing facility at the site.[17]

Neusentis, Cambridge[edit]

Neusentis is a biotech-like unit based in Cambridge which is focused on research in pain, sensory disorders, regenerative medicine, and auditory and visual disorders linked to ion channels.[17] Neusentis is responsible for Pfizer's first stem cell clinical study, initiated in 2011 for patients with ulcerative colitis.[17]

Awards[edit]

Pfizer UK was presented with the Queen's Award for Technological Achievement in 1991, in recognition of its discovery of Diflucan.[7] In 1993 Pfizer UK was awarded the Queen's Award for Export Achievement.[7] Pfizer UK was awarded the Queen's Award for International Trade in 1997 and 2000.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pfizer UK". The Times. 24 May 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  2. ^ "Corporate overview". Pfizer. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Pfizer's history 1949–55". Pfizer UK. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Pfizer's history 1955–70". Pfizer UK. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Pfizer's history 1970–90". Pfizer UK. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "Pfizer creates 1,000 jobs but Siemens thinks again in Tyneside". The Independent. 12 December 1997. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Pfizer's history 1990–2008". Pfizer UK. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  8. ^ "Early finish for Friday workers". BBC News. 26 May 2003. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  9. ^ "Pfizer to shed more than 400 jobs". BBC News. 11 September 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Scientist joins US hall of fame". BBC News. 13 May 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  11. ^ "Traffic-busting £87m link road gets green light". Kent Online. 25 August 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  12. ^ "Pfizer to Close U.K. Center". The Wall Street Journal. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011. 
  13. ^ "Drug giant Pfizer to pull out of Kent". Kent Online. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011. 
  14. ^ "Pfizer to shut major Sandwich site, home of Viagra". Reuters. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011. 
  15. ^ "Pfizer to close UK research site". BBC News. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011. 
  16. ^ "MPs to grill Pfizer on closure of Sandwich site". Reuters. 4 February 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2011. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g "R&D Locations: England, UK". Pfizer. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "Pfizer site in Sandwich on market as 'Discovery Park'". BBC News. 13 June 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  19. ^ "Pfizer to retain 350 staff at Sandwich". BBC News. 23 June 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  20. ^ a b "Pfizer site in Sandwich set to retain 650 jobs". BBC News. 4 November 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  21. ^ "Kent business zone 'brings resilience' as Pfizer shuts". BBC News. 17 August 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "Sandwich Pfizer site sold to private consortium". BBC News. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 

External links[edit]