Phönix C.I

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Phönix C.I
Phonix C.I photo2.jpg
Role Reconnaissance and General-Purpose Biplane
National origin Austria-Hungary
Manufacturer Phönix Flugzeug-Werke[1]
Introduction 1918
Retired 1920s
Primary user KuKLFT[1]
Number built 140

The Phönix C.I, given serial numbers in the Phönix 121 range, was an Austro-Hungarian First World War reconnaissance and general-purpose Biplane built by Phönix and Lloyd.[2]

Development[edit]

The Phönix C.I was the first original design developed by the Phönix Flugzeug-Werke It was based on the Hansa-Brandenburg C.II that Phönix was building under licence.[2] A conventional biplane with a rear fuselage/tailplane similar to aircraft designed by Ernst Heinkel.[2] The C.I had a fixed tail-skid landing gear and was powered by a 171.51 kW (230 hp) Hiero 6-cylinder inline piston engine, it had two tandem open cockpits for the pilot and observer/gunner.[2] The company built 110 C.Is and then entered service with the KuKLFT in early 1918.[2] After the First World War 30 aircraft were built by the Swedish Army engineering department fitted with 220 hp (164 kW) Benz Bz.IV inline engines.[2]

Designations and serials[edit]

Phönix C.I aircraft built by Phönix were serialled from Phönix C.I 121.01 to Phönix C.I 121.160 and Phönix C.I aircraft ordered from Lloyd (Ungarische Lloyd Flugzeug und Motorenfabrik AG) were allocated serials from Phönix C.I(Ll) 49.01 to Phönix C.I(Ll) 49.100. Some 80 aircraft ordered from UFAG were not assigned serial nos, probably due to production being interrupted by the Armistice and 225 more were ordered but not built.[1]

Operators[edit]

 Austria-Hungary
 Hungary
 Romania
 Sweden
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Specifications (C.1)[edit]

Data from Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One[1]Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 7.52 m (24 ft 8 in)
  • Upper wingspan: 11 m (36 ft 1 in)
  • Lower wingspan: 8.6 m (28 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 2.95 m (9 ft 8 in)
  • Wing area: 29 m2 (310 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 820 kg (1,808 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,240 kg (2,734 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hiero 6 6-cylinder water-cooled in-line piston engines, 170 kW (230 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 175 km/h (109 mph; 94 kn)
  • Endurance: 3 hours 50 minutes
  • Service ceiling: 5,400 m (17,717 ft)
  • Time to altitude:
  • 1,000 m (3,281 ft): in 4 minutes 30 seconds
  • 2,000 m (6,562 ft): in 10 minutes 45 seconds
  • 3,000 m (9,843 ft): in 20 minutes 35 seconds
  • 4,000 m (13,123 ft): in 34 minutes 50 seconds
  • 5,000 m (16,404 ft): in 55 minutes
Armament

2 x 8 mm Schwarzlose machine guns (one synchronised forward-firing and one on a mount in rear cockpit)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Grosz, Peter M.; George Haddow; Peter Schiemer (2002). Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One. Boulder city: Flying Machine Press. pp. 109 – 114. ISBN 1 891268 05 8. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Orbis 1985, p. 2699

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 
  • Grosz, Peter M.; George Haddow; Peter Schiemer (2002). Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One. Boulder city: Flying Machine Press. pp. 109 – 114. ISBN 1 891268 05 8. 

External links[edit]