Phù Lá people
|Regions with significant populations|
|Lào Cai, northern Vietnam|
The Phù Lá are an ethnic group of Vietnam and China. Most Phù Lá live in the Lào Cai province of northeastern Vietnam, and their population in Vietnam is approximately 9,046. There are also approximately 4,200 Phù Lá in China, where they are classified as members of the Yi ethnic group.
They sing Êmê kha bá and play ma nhí, pi tót, and cúc kẹ. They celebrate the Gù Shư Mu festival and Ga Ta Ma Chu festival.
According to Edmondson (2003), a 1978 Vietnamese report called "Ethnic minority peoples of Vietnam" had described 6 groups of peoples belonging to the Phù Lá ethnic group. However, since 1978, the statuses of many of these groups had changed considerably.
- Phù Lá Hán (Phu Kha, Phu Khla, Chinese Phù Lá, autonym pʰu˧˩kʰa˧ or pʰu˧˩kɬʰa˧): Lùng Phình Commune and Tả Chu Phùng, Bẳc Hà District, Mường Khương District, Lào Cai Province, Vietnam. The Phù Lá Hán are said to have arrived in Vietnam in two waves, once in the 1400s, and later in the 1700s. Mai (1995) reported that the Chù Lá Phù Lá and Phù Lá Trắng are regarded as part of the Phù Lá Hán as of 1995.
- Phù Lá Lão (Xá Phó, Laghuu): southwest bank of the Red River in Son La and Lai Chau Provinces.
- Phù Lá Đen (Black Phù Lá): A Lù Commune, Bát Xát District, Lào Cai Province. Mai (1995) reports that they have returned to China, where they had originally immigrated from.
- Phù Lá Hoa (Flowery Phù Lá): Nàn Xỉ, Xin Mần District, Hà Giang Province; A Lù Commune, Bát Xát District, Lào Cai Province; some living with the Xá Phó of Bảo Thắng District, Lào Cai Province. Mai (1995) reports that they have returned to China, where they had originally immigrated from.
- Mai Thanh Son. 1995. "Some materials about the history of the Phu La people (work based on the perspective of their names)."
- Edmondson, Jerold A. 2003. Three Tibeto-Burman Languages of Vietnam. http://ling.uta.edu/jerry/vietTB1.pdf
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