Phacusa was a city in the late Roman province of Augustamnica Prima and a bishopric that was a suffragan of Pelusium, the metropolitan see of that province.
Ptolemy makes it the suffragan of the nomos of Arabia in Lower Egypt; Strabo places Phacusa at the beginning of the canal which empties into the Red Sea; it is described also by Peutinger's Table under the name of Phacussi, and by the Anonymus of Ravenna (130), under Phagusa.
Phacusa is identified widely with the modern Tell-Fakus; Heinrich Brugsch and Navilla place it at Saft, about twelve miles from there.
In the list of the partisan bishops of Meletius present at the Council of Nicæa in 325 may be found Moses of Phacusa; he is the only titular we know of.
- ^ IV, v, 24.
- ^ XVII, i, 26.
- ^ In "Goshen and the Shrine of Saft el-Henneh" (London, 1885).
- ^ Athanasius, "Apologia contra Arian.", 71.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Phacusa". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. The entry cites:
- Rougé, Géographie ancienne de la Basse Egypte (Paris, 1891), 137-39.