Phagwara

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Phagwara
ਫਾਗ੍ਵਾਰਾ
city
Punjab
Phagwara
Phagwara
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 31°08′N 75°28′E / 31.13°N 75.47°E / 31.13; 75.47Coordinates: 31°08′N 75°28′E / 31.13°N 75.47°E / 31.13; 75.47
Country  India
State Punjab
District Kapurthala
Elevation 234 m (768 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 117,954
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 144401 & 144402 (satnampura area)
Telephone code 01824
Vehicle registration PB 36

Phagwara is a city and it recently became municipal corporation in Kapurthala district in North India, in the central part of the Punjab. The city is internationally recognized because a large amount of NRI (Non-resident Indian) population belongs to this city. Before Phagwara was into Kapurthala district it was part of Jalandhar district

Location[edit]

Phagwara lies on the DelhiAmritsar national highway No.01 and is also served by the rail link between Delhi and Amritsar. It is located between the two big cities of Ludhiana and Jalandhar. Phagwara is 76 miles away from Chandigarh and 220 miles (355 km) from Delhi. Phagwara railway station is a junction, with rail and road links to other cities as well. Most major trains stop here, e.g. the Shatabdi Express.

Geography[edit]

Phagwara is located at 31°08′N 75°28′E / 31.13°N 75.47°E / 31.13; 75.47.[1] It has an average elevation of 234 metres (767 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census Phagwara urban agglomeration had a population of 117,954, out of which males were 62,171 and females were 55,783. The literacy rate was 87.43 per cent.[2]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Phagwara had a population of 95,626. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Phagwara has an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 73%. In Phagwara, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Scheduled Caste population in Phagwara is over 49.15%[4]

History[edit]

Phagwara was built by Shah Jahan as a market town. Over time, some people of Phagwara started farming and Phagwara took on a rural character. Phagwara Sharki covers the original rural Phagwara, which now is only covered by the area surrounding Sukhchainiana Gurdwara (Sukhchain Nagar) where some people continue to farm the land.In 1772 it became Part of the Ahluwalia Sikh Dynasty of Kapurthala. The Sixth Sikh Guru, Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji visited this place in 1635 after winning the battle of Kartarpur and Palahi. Phagu, a great devotee of Guru Ji used to reside here. When Phagu came to know that Guru Ji had come after fighting against Mughals and thought that Mughals might be following him, he was worried and did not serve Guru Ji. Guru Ji said," Phagu Da Warra, Bahron Mitha Andron Khara". Therefore Phagwara got its name from "Phagu-Da-Warra".

Notable residents or former residents[edit]

Main Villages of Phagwara Tehsil[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]