Phalangiidae

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Phalangiidae
Platybunus pinetorum juvenile.jpg
Megabunus diadema
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Opiliones
Suborder: Eupnoi
Superfamily: Phalangioidea
Family: Phalangiidae
Latreille, 1802
Genera

Dicranopalpus
Megabunus
Mitopus
Oligolophus
Opilio
Paroligolophus
Phalangium
Rilaena

others, see list
Diversity
5 subfamilies, ca. 50 genera

The Phalangiidae are a family of harvestmen with about 380 known species. The best known is Phalangium opilio. Dicranopalpus ramosus is an invasive species in Europe.

It is not to be confused with the harvestman family Phalangodidae, which belongs to the suborder Laniatores.

Name[edit]

The name of the type genus is derived from Ancient Greek phalangion "harvestman".[1]

Systematics[edit]

  • Egaenus C.L. Koch, in Hahn & C.L. Koch 1839 (14 species; Eurasia)
  • Himalphalangium Martens, 1973 (5 species)
  • Homolophus Banks, 1893 (25 species; central Asia, North America)
  • Opilio Herbst, 1798 (63 species; Eurasia, one species also in North America)
  • Scleropilio Roewer, 1911 (1 species; central Asia)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Tsurusaki, Nobuo (2007): Phalangiidae Latreille, 1802. In: Pinto-da-Rocha et al. 2007: 123ff
  2. ^ Search results for names containing "Paroligolophus", Natural History Museum, retrieved 2013-09-15 

References[edit]

  • Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog: Phalangiidae
  • Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (eds.) (2007): Harvestmen - The Biology of Opiliones. Harvard University Press ISBN 0-674-02343-9