Phalia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
PHALIA
تحصیل پھالیہ
Tehsil
Location of PHALIA
Coordinates: 32°43′N 73°58′E / 32.717°N 73.967°E / 32.717; 73.967
Country Pakistan
Region Punjab
District Mandi Bahauddin District
Tehsil Phalia
Towns Pahrianwali, Qadirabad, Mano Chak, Ledhar
Union Councils Total 21
GovernmentLocal Government
 • Type Union Council
 • Nazim 21
 • Naib Nazim 21
Population (in 2011)
 • Total 98,914
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC+6)
Area code(s) 0546

Phalia is a small town in Mandi Bahauddin District, Punjab, Pakistan. The population of Phalia was calculated to be 25,914 in 2007 (21,025 in 1998).[1]

History[edit]

Alexander the Great and his army crossed the Jhelum in July 326 BC at the Battle of the Hydaspes River where he defeated the Indian king Porus.[2] According to Arrian (Anabasis, 29), he built a city on the spot whence he started to cross the river Hydaspes, which he named Bukephala or Bucephala to honour his famous and loyal horse Bukephalus or Bucephalus.[citation needed] It is thought that ancient Bukephala was near the site of modern Jhelum City but that is wrong. Phalia was named after Bucephalus on the name of the Alexander's dead horse and presently a tehsil of Mandi Bahauddin District. The Alexander while forwarding from Taxila opted alternate way despite of using traditional route i.e. today's GT road and built two cities on opposite banks of the river Hydaspes enrouting from Bhera and Mong.

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. Jalalpur Sharif is located on west of the river Jhelum whereas Phalia on eastern bank in Mandi Bahauddin District close to river Jhelum earlier known as Hydaspes.[citation needed] A semi hill or mound i.e. the historical sign of the ancient city and a shrine still available in mid of the Mohalla Ameer. In 2010, maximum of the area reshaped into commercial land and precious heritage could not be preserved.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Bahawalnagar District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Bahawalnagar increased in population and importance.

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Bahawalnagar District.

The age of Lahore and Phalia is almost the same. The four subdivisions (Mohallas) are named on the forefathers of Tarar tribe and they are as below:

  • PHALIA AMEER named on "Muhammad Ameer", PHALIA KEEMAN named on "Muhammad Karim", PHALIA BOOTA named on "Muhammad Boota" and PHALIA MEHMAN named on "Muhammad Khan". Phalia Boota is also called as "Nawan Lok".[3]

Geography and climate[edit]

Phalia is situated at 32.43 N latitude and 73.58 E longitude.[1] It is located between the main cities of Mandi Bahauddin and Gujrat, about 23 kilometres from Mandi Bahauddin and 50 kilometres from Gujrat and 45 kilometres from Malakwal and near about 80 kilometres from Salam interchange on M-2 motorway, at an altitude of 672 feet (205 m) above sea level.

Phalia has a moderate climate, which is hot in summer and cold in winter. During peak summer, the day temperature rises up to 40 °C. The winter months are mild and the minimum temperature may fall below -2 °C .[4] The average annual rainfall in the district is 50 mm. you can also check Phalia weather report [5] [6]

Schools and colleges[edit]

Schools[edit]

There are many other famous govt and private schools in Phalia making it a hub for quality education in Mandi Bahauddin District.

Colleges[edit]

[7] The branches of Punjab College, Ghazali College and Farabi College are also operating in Phalia.[8]

AIOU Study Center[edit]

Health facilities[edit]

Health Medical facilities are on average available in the city. The main government hospital established in the city is THH (Tehsil Headquarters Hospital). There are several other private hospitals, Health center and Clinics at different locations within the city.

Notable people[edit]

Phalia City[edit]

  • Population and religions

Phalia is not a big city, with about 20,000[citation needed] houses occupied by about 150,000[citation needed] people. Most of the population of the village are Muslim with some Christians.

  • Languages

Punjabi is the native language of the province and is the most widely spoken language in Phalia. Urdu has started to become more prominent in many areas now due to its official status as the national language.

  • Registered voters

The number of registered voters in the Constituency PP-117 (Mandi Bahuddin-II) Phalia is 134,119 .[10] among them almost half of them are of female voters.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 32°26′N 73°35′E / 32.433°N 73.583°E / 32.433; 73.583