|Language(s)||Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese|
|Variant(s)||P'an, Poon, Pon, Pun, Phua|
Pān is the Mandarin pinyin romanization of the East Asian surname 潘. It is listed 43rd in the Song dynasty classic text Hundred Family Surnames. It is romanized as P'an in Wade–Giles; Poon, Pon, or Pun in Cantonese; Phua in Hokkien and Teochew.
As with many Chinese surnames, the origins of the Pan are various and sometimes legendary.
Another source was a cadet branch of the ruling House of Mi (芈) of the State of Chu during the Spring and Autumn period. Among these Pans, Pan Chong served as regent and advisor for the state of Chu. When King Cheng of Chu decided to make a younger son the crown prince, Pan Chong aided the elder prince Shangchen instead. Shangchen forced King Cheng to commit suicide and ascended the throne as King Mu of Chu. Pan Chong was made the "Royal Tutor".
A third source on Taiwan was the adoption of the name by Taiwanese aborigines during their Sinicization. Members of the Plains tribes adopted the surname Pan as a modification of their designated status as barbarians (番, Fan). One family in particular became members of the local gentry, complete with a lineage to Fujian province.
List of persons with the surname
- Aimee Phan, writer/novelist
- Dat Phan, comedian, "Last Comic Standing" winner
- John Phan, professional poker player
- Michelle Phan, makeup artist
- Nam Phan, professional mixed martial artist
- Nicholas Phan, tenor
- Phan Thanh Giản (潘清簡), Imperial mandarin, diplomat
- Phan Đình Phùng (潘廷逢), 19th century revolutionary, anti-colonial military leader
- Phan Bội Châu (潘佩珠), 20th century scholar, revolutionary, anti-colonial activist
- Phan Chu Trinh (潘周楨), 20th century nationalist, writer, anti-colonial activist
- Phan Khắc Sửu, President of South Vietnam
- Phan Huy Quát, Prime Minister of South Vietnam
- Phan Văn Khải, Prime Minister of Vietnam (communist)
- Phan Thị Kim Phúc, child subject of a Pulitzer Prize winning photograph taken during the Vietnam War
- Phan Bá Vành (潘伯鑅), charismatic leader, 19th century revolutionary
- Phan Khôi, author, intellectual leader
- Phan Nhiên Hạo, poet and translator
- Phan Nguyên Hồng, leading authority on the mangrove ecosystem in Asia
- Phan Xích Long (潘赤龍), mystic and geomancer
- Phan Quang Đán, politician
- United States Census Bureau. "Genealogy Data: Frequently Occurring Surnames from Census 2000". 27 Sept 2011. Accessed 29 Mar 2012.
- "Yutopian, origin of the surname Pan, Poon". www.yutopian.com. Retrieved 2008-06-11.
- Shepherd, John R. Statecraft and Political Economy on the Taiwan Frontier, 1600–1800, p. 384. Stanford Uni. Press (Stanford), 1993.
- Pan Ying. Taiwan Pingpu Zu Shi [History of Taiwan's Pingpu Tribes], pp. 440–62. SMC Publishing (Taipei), 1996. ISBN 957-638-358-7. (Chinese)
- Hong Meiyuan. Taiwan Zhongbu Pingpu Zhu [Plains Tribes of Central Taiwan], pp. 310–15. Academia Historica (Taipei), 1997. (Chinese)