Pharmaceutical care is the responsible provision of drug therapy for the purpose of achieving the elimination or reduction of a patient's symptomatology; arresting or slowing of a disease process; or preventing a disease or symptomatology.
This process requires a clinical pharmacist to review a patient's medication with reference to the doctor's diagnoses, laboratory tests and patient's information. The clinical pharmacist must therefore work very closely with the doctor and patient in order to gain a correct understanding of the relevance and impact of the various medications on the patient's pathology.
The pharmaceutical care process was originally conceived to be undertaken in a community pharmacy, by community pharmacists. In 1996 the Pharmaceutical Society of NZ began a programme to implement the process throughout New Zealand. While some 500 pharmacists undertook an expensive training, it was found that the basic skill level of most pharmacists was not sufficient to enable them to undertake an in-depth review of the patients' medication [Citation Required].
- ATC codes Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System
- Classification of Pharmaco-Therapeutic Referrals
- History of pharmacy
- ICD-10 International Classification of Diseases
- ICPC-2 PLUS
- International Classification of Primary Care ICPC-2
- Referral (medicine)
- Drug Therapy Problems
- Hepler CD, Strand LM. Opportunities and responsibilities in pharmaceutical care. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1990; 47(3):533-43.
- Álvarez de Toledo F, et al. Atención farmacéutica en personas que han sufrido episodios coronarios agudos (Estudio TOMCOR). Rev Esp Salud Pública. 2001; 75:375-88.
- Pastor Sánchez R, Alberola Gómez-Escolar C, Álvarez de Toledo Saavedra F, Fernández de Cano Martín N, Solá Uthurry N. Classification of Pharmaco-Terapeutic Referrals (CPR). MEDAFAR. Madrid: IMC; 2008.
- Álvarez de Toledo Saavedra F, Fernández de Cano Martín N, coordinadores. MEDAFAR Asma. Madrid: IMC; 2007.
- Álvarez de Toledo Saavedra F, Fernández de Cano Martín N, coordinadores. MEDAFAR Hipertensión. Madrid: IMC; 2007.
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