Pharsalia, New York
|Pharsalia, New York|
|— Town —|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Dennis O. Brown (D, R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||39.1 sq mi (101.3 km2)|
|• Land||38.8 sq mi (100.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)|
|Elevation||1,883 ft (574 m)|
|• Density||15/sq mi ( 5.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979360|
The Town of Pharsalia is an interior town of Chenango County, located in the western half of the county, northwest of the City of Norwich.
The town received its first settler in 1797. Pharsalia was founded from part of the Town of Norwich in 1806, but was then called the "Town of Stonington." In 1808, the town was renamed "Pharsalia."
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.1 square miles (101 km2), of which, 38.8 square miles (100 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (0.74%) is water.
New York State Route 23 is an east-west highway through the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 542 people, 200 households, and 154 families residing in the town. The population density was 14.0 people per square mile (5.4/km²). There were 333 housing units at an average density of 8.6 per square mile (3.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.71% White, 0.55% African American, 0.18% Native American, and 0.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.74% of the population.
There were 200 households out of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 109.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,417, and the median income for a family was $37,917. Males had a median income of $25,833 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,752. About 19.0% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.0% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Pharsalia 
- East Pharsalia – A hamlet southeast of Pharsalia village near the south town line at the junction of County Roads 8 and 10.
- North Pharsalia – A hamlet northeast of Pharsalia village on NY-23.
- Northwest Corners – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town.
- Pharsalia – The hamlet of Pharsalia is located on NY-23 near the west town line.
- Pharsalia Wildlife Management Area – A conservation area in the north part of the town.
- Waldron Corners – A location by the west town line on County Road 42.