Phellinus

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Phellinus
Phellinus.pomaceus2.-.lindsey.jpg
Phellinus pomaceus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Hymenochaetales
Family: Hymenochaetaceae
Genus: Phellinus
Quél. (1886)
Type species
Phellinus igniarius
(L.) Quél. (1886)
Species

Species include:

Phellinus is a genus of fungi in the family Hymenochaetaceae. Many species cause white rot. Fruit bodies, which are found growing on wood, are resupinate, sessile, and perennial. The flesh is tough and woody or cork-like, and brown in color. Clamp connections are absent, and the skeletal hyphae are yellowish-brown.[1]

The name Phellinus means cork.[2]

The species Phellinus ellipsoideus (previously Fomitiporia ellipsoidea) produced the largest ever fungal fruit body.[3][4]

Phellinus produces the natural phenol hispidin.[5]

Uses[edit]

In Australia, Aborigines have used Phellinus fruit bodies medicinally. The smoke from burning fruit bodies was inhaled by those with sore throats. Scrapings from slightly charred frui bodies were drunk with water to treat coughing, sore throats, "bad chests", fevers and diarrhoea. There is some uncertainty about which species of Phellinus were used.[6]

Species[edit]

As of January 2015, Index Fungorum lists 154 species of Phellinus:[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ellis MB, Ellis JB. (1990). "Phellinus". Fungi Without Gills (Hymenomycetes and Gasteromycetes): An Identification Handbook. London, UK: Chapman and Hall. pp. 145–50. ISBN 978-0-412-36970-4. 
  2. ^ Halpern GM (2007). "Phellinus linteus". Healing Mushrooms. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-7570-0196-3. 
  3. ^ Cui B-K, Decock C. (2012). "Phellinus castanopsidis sp. nov. (Hymenochaetaceae) from southern China, with preliminary phylogeny based on rDNA sequences". Mycological Progress 12 (2): 341–51. doi:10.1007/s11557-012-0839-5. 
  4. ^ Dai Y-C, Cui B-K. (2011). "Fomitiporia ellipsoid has the largest fruiting body among the fungi". Fungal Biology 115 (9): 813–4. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2011.06.008. PMID 21872178. 
  5. ^ Lee I-K, Yun B-S. (2007). "Highly oxygenated and unsaturated metabolites providing a diversity of hispidin class antioxidants in the medicinal mushrooms Inonotus and Phellinus". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 15 (10): 3309–14. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2007.03.039. PMID 17387019. 
  6. ^ Kalotas A. (1996). "Aboriginal knowledge and use of fungi". Introduction—Fungi in the Environment. Fungi of Australia 1B. Melbourne: CSIRO. pp. 269–95. ISBN 978-0-643-05936-8. 
  7. ^ Kirk PM. "Species Fungorum (version 22nd December 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2015-01-10. 

External links[edit]