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Phenazone (INN and BAN; also known as phenazon, antipyrine (USAN), or analgesine) is an analgesic, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and an antipyretic. It was first synthesized by Ludwig Knorr in 1883. Phenazone is synthesized by condensation of phenylhydrazine and ethyl acetoacetate under basic conditions and methylation of the resulting intermediate compound 1-phenyl-3-methylpyrazolone with dimethyl sulfate or methyl iodide. It crystallizes in needles which melt at 156 °C. Potassium permanganate oxidizes it to pyridazine tetracarboxylic acid. Phenazone has an elimination half life of about 12 hours. Indication: Used to relieve pain and fever. Antipyrine is often used in testing the effects of other drugs or diseases on drug-metabolizing enzymes in the liver.
Possible adverse effects include:
- A/B Otic Drops, ear drops combined with benzocaine to relieve pain and remove cerumen
- Brune, K (1997). "The early history of non-opioid analgesics". Acute Pain 1: 33. doi:10.1016/S1366-0071(97)80033-2.
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