Phi Chi Medical Fraternity
|Phi Chi Medical Fraternity|
|Founded||March 31, 1889
(125 years ago)
University of Vermont (Burlington, Vermont)
|Motto||Greek: Φθνομεν Χραισμειν (Phthomen Chraismein)
English: First to Serve
|Colors||Olive green and White|
|Symbol||Adult Tiger Beetle (Cicindela patruela), Doodlebug|
|Flower||Lily of the Valley|
|Publication||The Chronicles; formerly The Quarterly|
|Headquarters||Floyds Knobs, Indiana, USA|
Phi Chi is one of the oldest and largest international medical fraternities of its kind in the world. Phi Chi evolved from the merging of two professional medical fraternities bearing the same name. Phi Chi Society (Phi Chi East) was founded on March 31, 1889, at the University of Vermont, Burlington, Vt. Phi Chi Medical Fraternity (Phi Chi South) was founded on October 26, 1894, at the Louisville Medical College, Louisville, Ky. These two organizations did not know that they shared a similar name when they were founded. On March 5, 1905, in Burlington, Vt., Phi Chi Society and Phi Chi Medical Fraternity, Inc., were consolidated taking the name Phi Chi Medical Fraternity, Inc.
Phi Chi has grown to become a co-ed, international, professional medical fraternity with chapters in 5 countries.
A Short History
Phi Chi Society of the East
The Eastern Fraternity was founded by Caleb Wakefield Clark on March 31, 1889, who called to his support Frederick Luther Osgood, Isaac Newton Fox and Alfred Judson Young, all of the class of 1889. According to a letter from Dr. Clark shortly before his death, “Phi Chi was not formed for purely social reasons and indeed, my aim and desire to bring about such an organization was primarily to get together and discuss thing medical and thus get more out of our college course. The new fraternity was to be established to give all possible aid in the dissemination of knowledge and information along medical lines and to broaden and uplift the minds of all; as I keenly felt the need of a society through which we could work and cooperate.”
In 1895, members from the University of Vermont met in Baltimore, Md and created the Beta Chapter in the Baltimore Medical College. In 1900, Gamma was chartered in the Maine Medical College under similar circumstances. In 1902 and 1903, Beta organized Delta and Theta in Baltimore. On February 26, 1904, Alpha Chapter called a convention of Phi Chi Society Chapters (A, B, Γ, Δ, Θ) to meet in Burlington, Vt. June 5, 1904, is the first convention of the Grand Chapter.
Phi Chi Medical Fraternity of the South
“October 26, 1894, at four o’clock, p.m., there assembled in the office of Doctor Clinton Kelly” of the faculty of the Louisville Medical College, “A. Harris Kelly, Samuel T. McClung, G. Fowler Border, Joseph N. Powers, George E. Gavin, Charles W. Hibbitt, and Linn L. Kennedy (all of whom became members of Alpha of the Southern Fraternity; now Alpha Alpha) for the purpose of organizing a fraternity.”
The growth of Phi Chi is a great monument to the spirit that urged the original group to unite and form a medical fraternity in a city where little was known of such societies. The first members of the Southern Fraternity consisted of the previously mentioned as well as Carey A. Gray and Walker B. Gossett.
On November 5, 1894, a committee was appointed to draft a constitution and not until November 17, was the first officers elected: Presiding Senior, McClung; Presiding Junior, Gossett; Secretary, Kennedy, and Powers, Treasurer (Judge Advocate and the minor officers had not been provided for). Wedding, Chapman and Shacklett were elected to membership and included with Gossett and Gray in the charter listing of members. The First Regular Meeting was held on Saturday, December 8, 1894. On December 29, 1894, D.A. Garrison, O. K. Harris, E. Rea Norris and A.P. Campbell were to complete the charter members.
Beta and Gamma chapters are installed in December 1896.
On February 26, 1897, the first Grand Chapter Convention of Southern Phi Chi Chapters (A, B, Γ, Δ) is called; this date later becomes Founder’s Day.
In 1898 Phi Chi expands out of the Louisville, KY.
The first volume of The Phi Chi Quarterly, the name of the official fraternal publication, is published on April 1, 1904 (the name is changed to The Phi Chi Chronicles in 1989).
Phi Chi Medical Fraternity
On March 5, 1905, Phi Chi Medical Fraternity (Southern Phi Chi) and Phi Chi Society (Eastern Phi Chi) are joined in Baltimore, MD, making Phi Chi the largest medical fraternity in America. Chapter names which conflicted during the joining were resolved by allowing the older chapter to retain its single name and the second chapter to have its name duplicated (Alpha, University of Vermont, 1889; Alpha Alpha, Louisville Medical College, 1894).
On July 1, 1910, the first history of Phi Chi is published. In 1915 the first Phi Chi Directory is published with 37 active chapter (some chapters had been consolidated) and 6,790 initiated members.
December 1925, 24th Grand Chapter Convention is held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. There are 54 chapters and 12,169 members.
In 1927, the Student Loan Fund was created which was run by the Welfare Association after its creation in 1947, to provide emergency loans for members in need.
On February 21, 1948, Phi Alpha Gamma and Phi Chi merge.
In 1949, the Phi Chi Welfare Association is incorporated. On August 20, Irvin Abell, the first Grand Presiding Senior of Phi Chi, dies.
Eden J. Carey, MD, Memorial Award in Anatomy plaques are created in May 1950.
February 26, 1960, Omega Chapter of Phi Chi is chartered at National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, the first chapter south of the border. The Michael J. Carey, MD, Senior Service Award is first presented.
At the XL Grand Chapter Convention in 1973, women medical students are allowed membership.
September 1989, AA and AB Alumni Chapters are chartered.
Sigma Chi Mu Chapter is chartered on October 19, 2001, at American University of the Caribbean, St. Maarten, Netherlands Antilles, making it the first Caribbean chapter.
August 4, 2002, Sigma Tau Chi Chapter of St. Christopher College of Medicine in Luton, England is chartered making it the first European chapter of Phi Chi.
Alpha Beta - University of Tennessee; Chartered- April 4, 1914
Upsilon Nu - University of Nebraska; Chartered- November 7, 1916
Epsilon Kappa - University of Washington; Chartered- February 26, 1948
Zeta - University of Texas Medical Branch; Chartered- April 29, 1903 (By Phi Chi South)
Chi - Jefferson Medical College; Chartered- December 9, 1903 (By Phi Chi South)
Kappa Chi - University of Minnesota; Chartered- May 22, 1920
Chi Upsilon - Creighton; Chartered- January 15, 1916
Omicron - New Orleans; Chartered- December 21, 1905 (By Phi Chi South)
Psi - University of Michigan; Chartered- December 16, 1905 (By Phi Chi South)
Sigma Kappa – Medical University of South Carolina; Chartered- June 2, 1927
Phi Chi East was founded in 1889. Phi Chi South was formed in 1894. When the two fraternities combined in 1905, it was decided that when the name of any two chapters conflicted, the chapter with precedence would retain the single letter and the chapter following shall duplicate its name, such as Alpha (1889), University of Vermont, and Alpha of Louisville (1894), which became Alpha Alpha.
- Baird, William, ed. (1915). Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities (8 ed.). New York: The College Fraternity Publishing Co.
- "Phi Chi Medical Fraternity".
- Cannon, Daniel H. (1989). The History of Phi Chi Medical Fraternity Inc. Centennial Edition 1889-1989. Phi Chi Quarterly Office.
- Cannon, Daniel H. (2005). Phi Chi Chronicles (Phi Chi Quarterly Office) 11 (1).
- Cannon, Daniel H. (2009). Phi Chi Chronicles (Phi Chi Quarterly Office) 13 (1).
- "Dr William Irvin Abel, Sr". Find A Grave. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Thomas Aceto Jr. M.D. 1929-2009". Retrieved 2010-10-22.
- "An Arkansas Connection". Retrieved 2010-10-22.
- "AMA - 1961 to 1979". Retrieved 2010-10-22.
- Lichtenstein, Nelson (1976). "The Kennedy Years". Political Profiles 3. New York: Facts on File, Inc. pp. 12–14.
- "History of Virginia". Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "David Marsh Bosworth, 1897-1979.". J Bone Joint Surg Am. 62 (3): 488. Apr 1980. PMID 6988433. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
- "Thomas Drysdale Buchanan". Anesthesia History Association Newsletter 9 (1). January 1991.
- Harvey, William (2008). History of Homoeopathy and Its Institutions in America 4. BiblioBazaar, LLC. p. 87.
- Morton, S.A. M.D. (August 1947). "Eben J. Carey, M.D.". Radiology 49 (2): 244–246.
- Cazalet, Sylvain. "History of Homoeopathy Biographies". Retrieved 2010-10-22.
- "Kelsey-Seybold Clinic". Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Auburn Alumni Association Golden Eagles Reunion". Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Carter Center Appoints Atlanta Leaders to Board of Councilors". May 20, 2004. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "History of Virginia". Retrieved 2010-10-22.
- Cerletty, J.M. M.D. (2004). "Our heritage: Medical education in Milwaukee". Wisconsin Medical Journal 103 (7). Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "POTPOURRI". Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Biographies". Retrieved 2010-10-22.
- "Regular Board Meeting". December 4, 2008. p. 3. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "John C. McDonald, M.D.". Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Stuart McGuire". Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- Neifeld, James P. M.D., F.A.C.S. "The History of the Department of Surgery". Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Biosketch of Spurgeon H. Neel, Jr., Major General, USA Retired". U.S. Army Medical Department Office of Medical History. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
- "WORLD-OBITS-L ORR; KENNETH DEW". RootsWeb. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Class Notes". Emory Medicine. Summer 1998. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Guide to the I.S. (Isidor Schwaner) Ravdin, 1894 - 1972, Papers, 1912 - 1972". University of Pennsylvania, The University Archives and Records Center. January 1995. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "American Medical Writers Association". Retrieved 2010-11-02.
- "AMA - J. James Rohack, MD". Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- Jones, Jerry. "Emergency Medicine lecture to honor Joseph Ross, M.D.". Reporter. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Encycleopedia of Virginia Biography". Retrieved 2010-10-22.
- "Obituaries Orlean Parish Louisiana". April 2005. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "New book recounts life of Stanford's fourth president". Stanford News Service. August 11, 1992. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "History of Virginia". Retrieved 2010-10-22.
- Roll, Charles, A.M. (1931). Indiana One Hundred and Fifty Years of American Development (The Lewis Publishing Company) 3 http://debmurray.tripod.com/indiana/indbioref-52.htm
|url=missing title (help). Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Staff and Services at Dr. Wright's Tahoma Clinic". Tahoma Clinic. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Meet Dr. Jonathan V. Wright, M.D.". A.M.R.I. of Washington. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Southern Illinois University School of Medicine". Retrieved 2010-10-19.