Phibsborough

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Phibsborough
Baile Phib
Suburb of Dublin
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County Dublin
Government
 • Local Authority Dublin City Council
 • Dáil Éireann Dublin Central
Elevation 49 m (161 ft)
Irish Grid Reference O055383
Phibsborough Church

Phibsborough (Irish: Baile Phib),[1] or Phibsboro, is a mixed commercial and residential neighbourhood in Dublin in Ireland. It encompasses old Baile Phib from the Royal Canal at Cross Guns Bridge, along with Glasmanogue and the Broadstone, site of the Midland Great Western Railway Terminus, now the headquarters of Bus Eireann and Dublin Bus. Glasmanogue is a former common along the Phibsborough Road, north of the culverted Bradogue river.[2]

Location[edit]

Phibsborough is located about two kilometres north of the city centre, in Dublin 7. It is bordered by Glasnevin to the north, Drumcondra to the east, Grangegorman to the west, and the King's Inns on Constitution Hill, to the south. The commercial centre of Phibsborough is located around the crossroads of the Phibsborough and North Circular Roads, commonly known as Doyle's Corner.[3]

Transport[edit]

Bus[edit]

Phibsborough is served by many Dublin Bus routes passing outbound to the north city suburbs: numbers 4, 9, 38, 38a, 38b, 39n, 40n, 46a, 83, 120, 122 and 140. Inbound services serve the city centre.

Luas[edit]

Phibsborough will have a stop on the Luas Cross City Line.

The Phibsborough stop will be located within the former Broadstone railway, cutting between the North Circular Road and the Cabra Road, and will have lateral platforms. Access to the platform level will be provided from both the North Circular and Cabra Roads via stairs and lifts from the new deck levels abutting the existing road overbridges. This stop will serve the existing residential communities and facilitate interchange with bus services on the North Circular and Cabra Roads.[4]

The Luas Cross city project will link the Luas Red and Green lines with a line from Broombridge in North Dublin (interchange with Irish Rail station) and St.Stephen's Green present Green Line stop. Construction started in June 2013 with services expected to begin in 2017.[5]

Amenities[edit]

The Royal Canal passes along the northern boundary, separating Phibsborough from Glasnevin. Below the fifth lock, east of Crossguns Bridge, a city markets-bound branch of the canal turned south, past the original north City Basin in Blessington Park to Broadstone Harbour. The spur is now covered by a tree-lined park. The adjacent road is called the Royal Canal Bank. It consists of a variety of multi-period housing, some it dating from the 1750s. The canal's main line runs east and south to Spencer Dock at the North Wall of the Port. The southern spur ran past Mountjoy Gaol, and under Blacqueire Bridge, along the high banked eastern side of the Phibsborough Road. Foster Aqueduct carried the canal over the Phibsborough Road to the large harbour terminus at Broadstone, which sat directly opposite the Kings Inns at Constitution Hill.[6]

Dalymount Park, home of 'old firm' League of Ireland team Bohemian F.C., the pre-Aviva Stadium venue for international association football and the renowned 'Dalymount Roar' is located here.[7] The National Botanic Gardens are situated in nearby Glasnevin.

A major teaching hospital, the Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, along with the Mater Private Hospital is both a local and national care centre.

History[edit]

Memorial to the Irish Volunteers, 'C' Coy., by Leo Broe, at junction of North Circular Road and Royal Canal Bank, a former spur of the Royal canal.

The original Irish language name, Glas Mochonóg, means Monck's Green, which evolved to the variants Manogue and Minogue, and anglicised as Monck. This family held the local demesne at Grangegorman following inter-marriage with the Stanley family, becoming Stanley Monck. The Green served as play field and parade ground was bisected by the main north road which ran from the foot of the Old Bridge of Dublin. Lying low between the stepping stone crossing of the Bradogue river (which now flows underground) called the Broad Stone and the village of Baile Phib at Monck Place, it often flooded and turned into a quagmire. This area was part of the Grangegorman estate.

The Broadstone area underwent significant urban development in the early nineteenth century in order to fulfill the commercial and residential needs of the Royal Canal Company headquarters and Harbour Terminus. The later onset of John S. Mulvaney's Midland & Great Western Railway Company and the railway engineering works brought further development to North Circular Road intersection and east to Blessington Street. The natural expansion of the city saw the development move north with residential housing reaching Phibsborough, and Glasnevin, and the Phoenix Park to the northwest.

St. Peter's Catholic Church and schools date from 1862. The construction of the church was controversial, resulting in a long and costly lawsuit. This dispute between the architect and builder ended in the courts and required the intervention of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin.[8] All Saints Church of Ireland Parish Church, Phibsborough Road, was completed in 1904. The renowned Tractarian, Dr Maturin, was rector for many years, establishing a High Church tradition of worship. The beautiful interior has been restored in recent years, having suffered fire damage in 1968.

At the time of the Easter Rising, the de Valera family home was at 34, Munster Street.[9] Phibsborough has a number of memorials including one to Sean Healy, a 15 year old member of the Fianna.[10] Healy was one of two Phibsborough Road residents killed during the Easter Rising, the other being James Kelly (18).[11] Local participants in the War of Independence include Harry Boland who was born in Phibsborough and grew up there.[12] His friend Dick McKee was born at Phibsborough Road. One of The Forgotten Ten, Bernard Ryan, lived here until his execution in Mountjoy Jail. The sculpture by Leo Broe at Royal Canal Bank was commissioned in memory of the local contingent of Irish Volunteers.

The Broadstone Station was closed in 1937. These buildings constituted the Dublin Terminus, headquarters, and railworks of the Midland Great Western Railway. They now serve as the administrative centre and district bus garage for Bus Éireann[13] and Dublin Bus. The impressive nineteenth-century main building, fronted by a classical Egyptian-style facade, is currently a badly neglected eyesore. It awaits redevelopment as part of a planned regeneration of the area. The new Dublin northwest Transit Centre, will be a project serving the new Dublin Institute of Technology campus at the adjacent Grangegorman site.

During his early years, author James Joyce and his family lived at No. 7, St. Peter's Road.[14]

In silence they drove along Phibsborough Road. An empty hearse trotted by, coming from the cemetery: looks relieved.

Crossguns bridge: the Royal canal.
Water rushed roaring through the sluices. A man stood on his dropping barge, between clamps of turf. On the towpath by the lock a slacktethered horse.
Aboard of the Bugabu.[15]

Ulysses, James Joyce

Development[edit]

Since the economic expansion of Dublin in the sixties this area along with Glasnevin and Drumcondra provided amenities to the north city business district in the way that Ranelagh, Rathmines and Harold's Cross did to the south city business district. The convenient location, combined with easy access and good public transport facilities, led to the conversion of larger homes into bedsitter flats. The advent of economic advancement during the Celtic Tiger boom saw an increased demand for new flats and townhouse projects. This housing wave provided an opportunity for the re-conversion of historic eighteenth and nineteenth century bedsitter properties back to family homes. Much the same has occurred on the Southside. Also, existing semi-derelict properties and architectural curiosities were converted into modern flats, within historic shells. Many families have restored their Victorian and Edwardian facades to their original appearances. Street scape Victorian and Edwardian elegance has been retained and enhanced. Developers have secured planning permission here to upgrade the existing Phibsborough Shopping Centre. The restored terraces of pink, biscuit and red-brick houses complement the converted historic churches, banks and offices. There are a number of renovated Victorian era pubs in the area. The government announced plans to close the inadequate facilities at Mountjoy Gaol and transfer the operations to Thornhill, a new prison in Fingal County.

Given the uncertainty resulting from the GFC downturn and The Great Recession, however, much of the planned redevelopment of DIT Grangegorman, Broadstone, Phibsborough Shopping Centre and Dalymount Park has been delayed indefinitely.

Music, arts, and media[edit]

The first Phibsborough community arts festival, Phizzfest, took place from 9 to 12 September 2010.[16] Among the writers that took part were Anne Enright and Dermot Bolger.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Phibsborough Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved: 2012-01-05.
  2. ^ Map of Dublin 1798
  3. ^ Gifford,, Don; Robert J. Seidman (1989). Ulysses annotated: notes for James Joyce's Ulysses (Edition: 2, illustrated, revised, annotated ed.). University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-06745-5 645 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  4. ^ http://www.luascrosscity.ie/whats-the-plan/stops/phibsborough
  5. ^ "Green light given to Luas link-up, first passengers 2017". RTÉ. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "The Broadstone Line of the Royal Canal". Irish waterways history. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  7. ^ "Phibsborough Village Centre (Proposed Development)". Dublin City Council. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  8. ^ "1902 - St. Peters' Church, Phibsborough, Dublin". Archiseek.com. 
  9. ^ Connell, Joseph E. A. (2006). Where's where in Dublin (in eng). Dublin: Dublin City Council. pp. p89. 
  10. ^ Sean Healy Commemorative plaque
  11. ^ "Weekly Irish Times, Sinn Fein Rebellion Handbook, 1917 (extract)". National Library of Ireland. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  12. ^ Fitzpatrick, David. Harry Boland's Irish Revolution. Cork University Press. ISBN 978-1-85918-386-1. 
  13. ^ Revealing Broadstone Station to public view
  14. ^ "James Joyce From Dublin to Ithaca" (in Eng.). Cornell University Library. 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  15. ^ Joyce, James (2007). Ulysses. BiblioBazaar. ISBN 978-1-4346-0387-6. 
  16. ^ "Welcome to Phizzfest!!". Phibsborough Community Arts Festival. 2010. Retrieved 22 March 2010. 
  17. ^ "Irish Writers - Iris Murdoch". Kennys.ie. Retrieved 04-09-2102. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°21.64′N 6°16.36′W / 53.36067°N 6.27267°W / 53.36067; -6.27267